Photosphere Facts: Learn More About The Visible Layer Of Sun | Kidadl


Photosphere Facts: Learn More About The Visible Layer Of Sun

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Read these Tokyo facts to learn all about the Japanese capital.

The photosphere is the lowest visible layer of the sun and the deepest too.

The photosphere of a star is where visible light is emitted outside the stellar zones. This can easily be noticed by the naked eye in the case of the sun.

If you want to see a faraway star, you'll probably need a telescope. The spectrum of light offers information on the sun's atmosphere: temperature, composition, and pressure.

The sun is 109 times wider than planet Earth and 333,000 times heavier. The sun or sun's atmosphere formed around 4.5 billion years ago and will continue to burn for approximately 5 billion years more, so the sun's atmosphere or the sun is at the mid-point of its lifespan. The sun is known to rotate on its axis once in 27 days, while the polar regions take more than 30 days to complete rotation.

The sun is entirely made up of gas. No such thing as a solid top exists. The sun's composition is 74% hydrogen, 25% helium, and 1% other gases. The sun consists of several layers. The photosphere is the sun's exterior or the solar disk, which is made up of thick gases. The outer atmosphere is surrounded by two layers of the atmosphere; the chromosphere and the corona. The corona is the sun's outermost layer. The sun's core, the radiative zone, and the convective zone are three heated layers beneath the visible layer of the sun. Disturbing magnetic fields are the most common feature seen in the outer atmosphere. It takes almost eight minutes for sunlight to reach the sun.

The gases that make up the entire photosphere are fully opaque, which means they can't be seen through. As a result, claiming that the sun has a 'surface' is misleading, because the outer atmosphere is not solid. The ionized gas flows outward into the space.

The sun's photosphere is located above the solar convection. In this zone, heat from the sun's core radiates outward. It is situated below the chromosphere, where heat is transmitted to the corona, the sun's outermost layer. The photosphere is made up of granules, with a diameter of 621 mi (1000 km). Each granule has a lifespan of eight to nine minutes, resulting in a 'boiling' sensation.

Sunspots are darker areas of the sun's layers that are cooler than the rest of the outer layers, with temperatures of 3,800 °K (3,526 °C) against 5,780 °K (5,506 °C). Sunspots have a diameter of up to 31,068 mi (50,000 km).

Temperature Of The Photosphere

The sun is composed of several inner and outer layers; a core, a radiative zone, a surface, and an atmosphere that surrounds it, each of which has its own set of layers.

Solar fusion occurs at a temperature of approximately 27 million °F (15 million °C). The temperature of the sun's core is lowered by its radiative and convective layers. The sunspots are caused by the sun's magnetic fields.

The photosphere is one of the most visible layers of the sun from the surface of the earth. There is a temperature of around 10,000 °F (5,538 °C) in this area. Light and heat are sent to Earth through this layer, which resembles a bright disc. Granules are tiny convection cells that transport energy from below the surface. They are approximately 621 mi (1000 km) wide.

The deepest part of the atmosphere is called the chromosphere. At most, it's a few feet above ground level. The temperature rises to a peak of 36,000 °F (19,982 °C) once more. Above the chromosphere is the transition layer, which rises in temperature from 6000 to nearly half a million degrees. The gases in this layer reflect ultraviolet and strong ultraviolet sunlight. The most extreme part of the atmosphere, the corona, can reach temperatures of more than 2,000,000 °F (1,111,093 °C).

The sun's outer layers are cooler than the sun's core, the hot gas at the core may reach temperatures of 30 million °F (16 million °C).

Features Of The Photosphere

The presence of black sunspots on the surface of the sun is one of its features. You can see the granules with a bright faculae appearance. We can determine the composition of the flow in these layers by measuring the Doppler effect. It contains patterns of waves and oscillations as well as other phenomena. It is the most clear part of the sun's surface. The temperature of the photosphere is about 10,000 °F (5,538 °C) which is much cooler than the core of the sun.

It is placed above the solar convection zone, where heat from the core radiates. The photosphere is formed by the convection of the cells and has a life span of eight to nine minutes on average.

Photosphere Vs Chromosphere

As the solar magnetic field smashes through the photosphere, it is made up of a mixture of foreground and background and dark areas. Spotting patterns seem to be traveling across the sun's disc.

In the course of their study, astronomers found that the sun rotates on its own. Variables on the sun's surface revolve at varying speeds. It takes around 24 days for the equatorial regions of the sun to revolve, whereas the polar regions take about 30 days.

The chromosphere is the layer that exists above the photosphere. The chromosphere emanates a reddish hue. It is only during a complete solar eclipse that the reddish edge may be seen. In most cases, the chromosphere's light is so weak that it is hardly noticeable in comparison to the other layers.

Solar flares, which are fire tongues that stretch hundreds of thousands of miles beyond the sun's surface, are also caused by the photosphere. X-rays, ultraviolet rays, electromagnetic radiation, and radio waves are all produced by solar flares.

The word 'chromosphere' has Greek roots with 'chroma' meaning to 'color'.

Surface Of The Photosphere

It is the apparent 'surface' of the sun, however, it is not a genuine or solid surface. In layers, just 248 mi (400 km) thick, the material progressively transitions from being entirely opaque (light cannot flow through it) to being completely transparent.

It is not a uniformly light layer but has fluctuations. It appears mottled or granular due to small areas of warmer and cooler material. The brighter parts are around 100 °K hotter and ascending at 1.2-1.6 mps (2–3 kms). They only endure a few minutes before dissipating and being replaced by rising masses of warmer gas. Meanwhile, the solar interior's cooler and darker portions sink back into the sun. This shows that the photosphere is also a convective zone on the sun in the solar system.


What is unique about the photosphere?

It is the sun's most prominent surface. In comparison to the sun's core, It has a temperature of 5,780 °K (5,506 °C).

What is the photosphere of the sun?

It is the visible area of the sun's surface.

What is an example of a photosphere?

Sunspots are an example of this.

Do all stars have a photosphere?

Yes, all the stars have a photosphere.

Is the photosphere hotter than the chromosphere?

Yes, as per research chromosphere is hotter than the photosphere.

<p>With a wealth of international experience spanning Europe, Africa, North America, and the Middle East, Anusuya brings a unique perspective to her work as a Content Assistant and Content Updating Coordinator. She holds a law degree from India and has practiced law in India and Kuwait. Anusuya is a fan of rap music and enjoys a good cup of coffee in her free time. Currently, she is working on her novel, "Mr. Ivory Merchant".</p>

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