Fun Pomeranian Facts For Kids

Oluwatosin Michael
Jan 16, 2023 By Oluwatosin Michael
Originally Published on Aug 06, 2021
Edited by Luca Demetriou
Fact-checked by Kidadl Team
Fun Pomeranian Facts For Kids
Age: 3-18
Read time: 7.0 Min

Have you ever wondered about how a Pomeranian got its name? A Pomeranian is a small sized breed of spitz type of dog. These dogs are very friendly, lively, and active dogs that are loved by humans. This dog breed makes for good companions and excellent watchdogs. Make sure not to leave them alone for a long time as it is one of the dog breeds that do not like being apart and are very affectionate. These small dogs look absolutely adorable with their double coat. This dog breed is susceptible to various health problems like hair loss, alopecia x, seizures, and patellar luxation, necessitating proper grooming with a brush and exercise.  

Here are a few fun, engaging, and interesting facts on these super cute dogs that were once owned by Queen Victoria and are believed to have evolved from the German Spitz. After reading Pomeranian dog facts, you may also look at fact files on other popular dog breeds such as pomapoo facts and pomsky facts.

Pomeranian Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Pomeranian?

The Pomeranian or Pom is a small sized dog breed that belongs to the Spitz type. It is one of the most popular dog breeds and has a legacy of being owned by royal owners like Queen Victoria during the 17th century. Pomeranian dogs are classified as toy breeds and are often friendly and very lively. Pomeranians are an energetic breed of dog that is very active. Being a smart and energetic breed, Pomeranian is a social animal and loves to be around his or her humans. Pomeranians usually crave attention and love to take walks.

What class of animal does a Pomeranian belong to?

Pomeranian dogs belong to the mammalian class by their ability to give birth to their young ones. Pomeranian dogs are of spitz type,(to be more specific from German spitz) and come under the Canidae family. Its scientific name is Canis lupus familiaris. As poms are small in size, these dogs are often called the toy breed. The name of the dog breed comes from the region the pom dogs originated called Pomerania in Northern Europe. There are a number of varieties in this breed. White Pomeranian, black Pomeranian, miniature Pomeranian, micro Pomeranian, tricolored Pomeranian, teacup Pomeranian are some of the types of Pomeranian dogs.

How many Pomeranians are there in the world?

In the region of Pomerania, there are approximately around one million Pomeranians. There is no accurate estimate of the total number of Pomeranians in the world, but it is estimated that the total number of Pom dogs should be more than 1.5 million. The number is steadily increasing across the world.

Where does a Pomeranian live?

Since Pomeranians are friendly and energetic, these dogs naturally live in a house or any hospitable environment. These dogs are found in temperate habitats. This dog breed can be found in Northern Europe, Poland and Germany, and many other parts of the world. These sled dogs are adaptable to their surroundings.

What is a Pomeranian's habitat?

As Pomeranians are small, these dogs with medium energy level can live in houses as well as in apartments and indoors. It can adapt to any living conditions. Pom enjoys human contact and crave attention, so these dogs with medium energy level can happily live with humans. These little dogs cannot tolerate extreme hot weather and can stay in a calm and cool climate. These dogs are taken for daily walks and need regular exercise.

Who do Pomeranians live with?

As Pomeranians are active and lively, these dogs with medium energy level enjoy human contact and can happily live with them. Poms also like attention from them. These fox like little dogs prefer to live in a house or an apartment where they can play and enjoy and do their exercise. Poms do not like to be apart from their companions as they are very affectionate.

How long does a Pomeranian live?

As Pomeranians are small sized dogs, the average Pomeranian life span is usually between 12-16 years, which may differ according to the surroundings as well as grooming. Pom dogs can live longer if given proper care and regular exercise. Common health conditions that can affect Pomeranians are hair loss, alopecia x, seizures, and patellar luxation.

How do they reproduce?

The female Pomeranian dog should be of age and the heat cycle should have started for the reproduction to take place. The reproduction process starts between a male and a female dog when the male dog tends to mount the female from the rear side. After a firm connection, Poms will stay in this position from 5-30 minutes before disengaging. The pregnancy period may range from 60-68 days and give birth to one to five puppies.

What is their conservation status?

The total number of mini Pomeranian dogs in the world is estimated to be more than 1.5 million. Pomeranians have a healthy population. Hence it does not face any extinction threat.

Pomeranian Fun Facts

What do Pomeranians look like?

Pomeranians are a small sized breed of spitz type dog. Poms are sturdy dogs that are usually white, brown, or black in color. But in modern times, types of Pomeranian breed have different colors like tan brown, red orange, cream, red, tan and black, and other mixtures of colors. One of the characteristics of the breed is its heavily plumed tail. It has double coats where the inner coat is short and dense and the outer coat is long and harsh textured. Their ears are small, erect, and triangle shaped. It looks like a little fox.

A Pomeranian has a double coat and is one of the perfect breeds for small children.

How cute are they?

Pomeranians are very cute in appearance. Poms are small sized dogs that are classified as a toy breed. Members of this dog breed are very lively and playful. Pomeranians are extremely social and known for their cute and innocent appearance.

How do they communicate?

As Pomeranians love companions, these toy dogs are good at communicating and understanding human emotions and commands. This dog breed communicates by using sounds like whines, barks, and howls.

How big is a Pomeranian?

An adult Pomeranian has an average height of 7-12 in (17.7-30.4 cm) and hence it is a small sized dog. It is much smaller compared to a Labrador retriever.

How fast can a Pomeranian run?

An average Pomeranian has a decent speed and may run up to 13-19 mph (20.9-30.5 kph).

How much does a Pomeranian weigh?

On an average scale, a Pomeranian weighs around 4.2-7.7 lb (1.9-3.5 kg). The weight may vary according to the food habits, exercise, and environment.

What are the male and female names of the species?

As a Pomeranian is a dog, its species is Canis lupus familiaris. A male Pomeranian is called a dog and a female Pomeranian is called a bitch.

What would you call a baby Pomeranian?

Young one of a Pomeranian dog is called a Pomeranian puppy.

What do they eat?

As these toy dogs live with humans, they are adaptable. They are omnivores and eat vegetables, fruits, meat, bones, and other raw food.

Are they dangerous?

Pomeranian dogs are cute small dogs that are extremely social in nature. They do not pose any threat to children but can be aggressive if they sense any danger.

Would they make a good pet?

Pomeranian dogs are playful, active, and lively and get along with humans; both elders and children.  They are really cute and very affectionate ones. Hence, they can be very good pets.

Did you know...

Pomeranians can be wonderful therapy dogs. They are trained to be hearing assistance dogs.

They used to have a large size during the time of Queen Victoria before being bred down to a small size.

Having your own Pomeranian

The Pomeranian price range for healthy Pomeranian puppies starts from $500-$1500. The prices may vary according to the location of the breeder, for instance, the price for a Pomeranian mix will be different from a purebred. Pomeranian colors also have an impact on the price of the dog. They are very lively and affectionate dogs. They are very cute and innocent in their appearance. They are good companions and excellent watchdogs which makes them good pets.

How to groom a Pomeranian?

A Pomeranian dog should be groomed regularly. A Pomeranian's coat should be brushed two to three times weekly to remove loose coats. Poms should be bathed every two to three weeks. Its teeth should be brushed daily to avoid dental issues. Pomeranian haircuts are required after every four to six weeks to maintain desired length and coat shape. The nails should be trimmed often. If not given proper grooming, it will cause many health problems. Black skin disease, luxating patella, and tracheal collapse are some of the common health issues.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these Croatian sheepdog facts and aussipom facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our pomeranian coloring pages.

Pomeranian Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Small animals and birds

What Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?

2-6 puppies

How Much Did They Weigh?

4.2-7.7 lb (1.9-3.5 kg)

What habitat Do they Live In?


Where Do They Live?

europe, us, asia, and australia

How Long Were They?


How Tall Were They?

7-12 in (17.7-30.4 cm)







Scientific Name

Canis lupus familiaris

What Do They Look Like?

White, brown, black color coat with almond shaped eyes and triangle ears

Skin Type

Double hair coat

What Are Their Main Threats?

owls, hawks, coyote, and health conditions

What is their Conservation Status?

Least Concern
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Written by Oluwatosin Michael

Bachelor of Science specializing in Microbiology

Oluwatosin Michael picture

Oluwatosin MichaelBachelor of Science specializing in Microbiology

With a Bachelor's in Microbiology from the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Oluwatosin has honed his skills as an SEO content writer, editor, and growth manager. He has written articles, conducted extensive research, and optimized content for search engines. His expertise extends to leading link-building efforts and revising onboarding strategies. 

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