Fun Pygmy Hog Facts For Kids

Aashita Dhingra
Oct 20, 2022 By Aashita Dhingra
Originally Published on Aug 06, 2021
Edited by Luca Demetriou
Fact-checked by Kidadl Team
Here are pygmy hog facts about these endangered species.
Age: 3-18
Read time: 6.7 Min

Pygmy hogs have a very dull appearance with small fur covering their body. Earlier, less than 200 pygmy hogs were there and the population of this species was majorly found in the Manas National Park, Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary, and Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam. Now, with the pygmy hog conservation program, the population of these mammals has grown a lot across their habitat. Besides building their own homes with a complete roof over them, a pygmy hog holds more importance as it is referred to as an indicator species. The decreasing population of this species is a result of the degradation of the grasslands. These animals are endemic to India and the population is primarily concentrated in the state of Assam.

A pygmy hog (scientific name Porcula salvania) belongs to the genus Porcula and is scientifically known as Porcula salvania. The pygmy hog is the only member of its genus. Here are some of the most interesting facts about pygmy hog. Afterward, do check our other articles on toy poodle facts and Pekingese dog facts as well.

Pygmy Hog Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a pygmy hog?

Pygmy hog (scientific name Porcula salvania) is an endangered species of pig native to the Indian Subcontinent. These mammals belong to order Artiodactyla contains 10 families. This pig species is mostly found in the wild grasslands. They stay as families in a group and make their own sheltered houses across the range of habitats.

What class of animal does a pygmy hog belong to?

A pygmy hog is a wild pig, a mammal, and belongs to the phylum Chordata. Pygmy hogs further belong to genus Porcula and family Suidae.

How many pygmy hogs are there in the world?

This species of the pig is considered endangered and has been placed under Pigs and Peccaries Specialist Group by IUCN/SSC Pigs. The population is almost on the brink of extinction, necessitating a pygmy hog conservation programme. For now, their population is around 250 mature individuals that are found in Assam, in India. Their population is protected by the Wildlife Act by the Indian government along with a three-point action plan to improve the population numbers.

Where does a pygmy hog live?

A pygmy hog is a wild pig species and is mostly found across its habitat range marked by dense grasslands in the foothills of the Himalayas. This species from the family Suidae are native to India and are mostly found along the foothills of Himalaya in Uttar Pradesh, Northwest Bengal, and Assam. They generally live as a part of a family group that moves in a single file through the grasses.

What is a pygmy hog's habitat?

A pygmy hog is mainly found in the grassland areas in the foothills of the Himalayas and is seen building its own homes in the state of Assam. These rare pigs create a shallow depression in the ground and make proper roofs above it with hay, straws, and leftover organic debris. These pigs create their sleeping nests by piling dry grasses over the depressions that have been dug into the soil.

Who does pygmy hog live with?

A pygmy hog usually lives in small family groups. These small family groups seek shelter in their self-made home and reside within a 61.7 ac (25 ha) area.

How long does a pygmy hog live?

The average lifespan of a pygmy hog according to the Max Planck Institute of Demographic Research is around 7.5-12 years.

How do they reproduce?

Both males and females of this species reach sexual maturity after two years of their birth. They reproduce seasonally and especially during the monsoon season between late April and May. After courtship display and mating, females give birth to a litter of three to four baby pigs after a gestation period of 100 days.

What is their conservation status?

According to the standard IUCN Red List, the pygmy hog is considered an endangered species. The reason behind loss of habitat for this species are flood control projects, overgrazing by livestock, and commercial forestry. This species is protected under the Wildlife Protection Act in India and any offense against these animals may lead to a serious penalty. A three-point action plan has been initiated to improve their numbers.

Pygmy Hog Fun Facts

What do pygmy hogs look like?

A pygmy hog is a small-sized pig and is mainly found in the state of Assam in India. Their skin is nude with a few hair on it that gives it a dark brownish appearance. It has a tapered head with a crest of hair on it reaching its back. They have hazel iris and their nose sort of looks like a snout and male pigs have tusks that protrude from their mouth and reach till their upper lips. The female is slightly smaller than the adult males and the body is coated with a few hairs throughout the length. Hogs’ tail is about 1.2 in (3 cm) long and the female has mammates that are three in pairs.

A pygmy hog has a pig-like snout.

How cute are they?

It depends on the perception and view of the individual. Most people find them ugly especially due to their habits and their appearance but some may find them cute due to their small size.  

How do they communicate?

Communication between these pigs takes place by soft grunting noises. They also recognize other pygmy hogs and possible threats through chemicals and pheromones. Their senses are really strong just like other animals and are easily able to sense the presence of unknown animals in their territory through their tactile perception.

How big is a pygmy hog?

Porcula salvania is a small-sized pig and one third the size of pigs reared in the farms. An average adult grows to a size of 18-20 in (45.7-51 cm) in terms of body length. They also grow up to a height of 8-10 in (20.3-25.4 cm) in length.

How fast can a pygmy hog move?

A pygmy hog is a wild big and its estimated speed of run is 30 mph (48.2 kph), nearly eight times faster than a lesser hedgehog. It can also jump up to a length of 3-4 ft (0.9-1.2 m).

How much does a pygmy hog weigh?

A pygmy hog does not weigh much; these are small-sized pigs and weigh lesser comparatively. An average adult pygmy may weigh around 7-12 lb (3.1–5.4 kg), nine times lighter than a red river hog.

What are the male and female names of the species?

Both female and adult males have distinct names and females are smaller in size than males pigs. A female is referred to as cows or sows and a male pig is referred to as a swine.

What would you call a baby pygmy hog?

A baby pygmy hog is referred to as a piglet. A female gives birth to three to four piglets in a litter. A piglet has a brownish pink appearance after birth and stays in a small family pack after birth.

What do they eat?

A Pygmy Hog’s diet is omnivorous.  Hogs feed on a variety of organisms such as lizards, roots, tubers, insects, rodents, and other small reptiles.

Are they poisonous?

A pygmy hog is docile to a certain degree and does not have any poisonous glands. They are harmless but may be host to certain diseases since they dwell in the wild.

Would they make a good pet?

These animals are endangered and laws do not allow them to be kept as pets. They are small yet intelligent and hence can be well kept under suitable conditions if they were allowed to keep them as pets.

Did you know...

An endangered insect namely pygmy hog sucking louse is found on these endangered hogs. It is an ectoparasite and belongs to the genus Haematopinus, which belongs to the family of blood-sucking insects also called unregulated lice. They are the worst ectoparasite and may affect other wild and domestic animals such as a buffalo, a zebra, a deer.

Is pygmy hog critically endangered?

Yes. A pygmy hog is critically endangered because of threats of livestock grazing, poaching, and flood control projects in the area. Only 250 or less mature individuals are seen in the wild. In India, pygmy hog conservation is in full flow and it is an offense to mistreat these animals and a person responsible may be charged with heavy penalties.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover!  For more relatable content, check out these Tibetan Mastiff facts and Dogo Argentino facts for kids.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable pygmy hog coloring pages.

Pygmy hog Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Roots, insects, rodents, small reptiles

What Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?

3-4 piglets

How Much Did They Weigh?

7-12 lb (3.1–5.4 kg)

What habitat Do they Live In?


Where Do They Live?

india (sonai rupai wildlife sanctuary and orang national park)

How Long Were They?

8-10 in (20.3-25.4 cm)

How Tall Were They?

18-20 in (45.7-51 cm)







Scientific Name

Porcula salvania

What Do They Look Like?

Dark brown and black color skin

Skin Type

Nude skin with a little hair

What Are Their Main Threats?

habitat loss

What is their Conservation Status?

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Written by Aashita Dhingra

Bachelors in Business Administration

Aashita Dhingra picture

Aashita DhingraBachelors in Business Administration

Based in Lucknow, India, Aashita is a skilled content creator with experience crafting study guides for high school-aged kids. Her education includes a degree in Business Administration from St. Mary's Convent Inter College, which she leverages to bring a unique perspective to her work. Aashita's passion for writing and education is evident in her ability to craft engaging content.

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