Fun Roe Deer Facts For Kids

Divya Raghav
Oct 20, 2022 By Divya Raghav
Originally Published on Aug 18, 2021
Edited by Jacob Fitzbright
Fact-checked by Gowri Rao
Read these interesting roe deer facts to learn more about this species of deer that have a unique white rump colored patch on them.
Age: 3-18
Read time: 6.3 Min

The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a species of deer that is also called by the name European roe deer and western roe deer. These deer are very easy to identify in the regions of Europe and the UK because they are medium in size with no tail and short antlers on their head. One of the most distinctive features is that they have a pale-colored patch on their rump.

The roe deer is an interesting animal as these animals sleep with their eyes wide open in order to protect themselves from any kind of danger. You may see their eyes closed but it is barely for five minutes otherwise their eyes are always found open. The reason may be because these creatures are the prey of the larger animals and that is why they do not trust anyone. If the roe deer smells or sees humans they are prone to changing their territory area and do not come back unless they feel free of human threat. Otherwise, the deer roe or any other deer species typically find themselves rooted in one area, should it be safe enough and provide access to food and shelter. These distribution areas are what they normally call home.

Here on our page, we have a lot of interesting facts on the roe deer for everyone to enjoy. Let's have a look at these interesting facts and if you do like these, you can read our mule deer facts and mink facts.

Roe Deer Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a roe deer?

The western roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a small deer species native to Scotland and England.

What class of animal does a roe deer belong to?

The western roe deer belong to the class Mammalia.

How many roe deers are there in the world?

The exact population of the roe deer is not estimated yet. The reason behind this is that these wildlife roe deer are distributed throughout England and Europe. As these are large continents, the exact number is very hard to estimate. Another reason is that roe deer are known to double their populations every second year.

Where does a roe deer live?

The western roe deer can be found in woodland areas throughout the regions of Europe particularly in Scandinavia, Scotland, Ireland, and Iceland. Apart from woodland regions, they are also found in the Red Forest of Chernobyl.

What is a roe deer's habitat?

The roe deer prefers to make its habitat in open areas like forests, agricultural land, farmland, heathland, woodland, and grassland. Their most preferred place is in the coniferous dense woodland where they can find trees and grass easily. These deer, especially the male roe deer, show territorial behavior during the summer in July and August because that is their breeding period.

Who does the roe deer live with?

They prefer to live in large groups which contain males, females, and young fawns.

How long does a roe deer live?

The actual lifespan of the roe deer is 20 years of age. Though the average lifespan is around 8-10 years of age. Usually, the male roe deer lives longer than the female.

How do they reproduce?

The roe deer's breeding season starts in the summer, particularly in July and August. During this time, the male bucks perform the process of mating with several females. After the mating period finishes, and the implantation of the eggs is completed,  the female deers give birth to the young fawns in the next year around the month of June. Usually, females give birth to two young fawns of both genders. When the females are around six months of age, they are considered mature enough to reproduce their own child.

What is their conservation status?

The conservation status of these wonderous animals, the roe deer, is listed as of Least Concern. As these short antlers deer are distributed throughout England and European regions, their population is increasing day by day moving towards growth and abundance.

Roe Deer Fun Facts

What do roe deer look like?‍

The coat of the roe deer changes in the winter to gray in color. In the summer, it is red-brown.

The roe deer is a medium-sized animal with a reddish-brown coat in the summer season and grey colored coat in winter. This deer does not have a tail on its body and has a white rump patch in place of the tail. The size of antlers in the male is short, while the females lack antlers.

How cute are they?

The roe deer is a cute animal by its appearance. All the species of deers are adorable and cute, whether they are roe deer or red deer.

How do they communicate?

Like every species of deer, the roe deer communicates with the use of vocalizations, scents, and territorial markings. The roe deer is able to produce loud barking noises when they feel threatened and piping sounds to attract the females.

How big is a roe deer?

The average height that a roe deer can grow up to is 37.4-53 in (95-135 cm) They are much larger than a domestic cat which is around 18 in (46 cm) tall.

How fast can a roe deer run?

As the record says, the average speed that a roe deer male or buck can run is up to 37 mph (59.5 kph).

How much does a roe deer weigh?

The average weight that a roe deer reaches is around 22-77 lb (10-35 kg). As these are medium-sized deer, their weight is also not that much.

What are the male and female names of the species?

The specific name that is given to the male roe deer is a buck, while the females are known as does.

What would you call a baby roe deer?

Baby roe deer are known as fawns.

What do they eat?

The roe deer is a herbivorous animal, which means the diet which they follow is made up of grass, trees, roots, and shrubs. They can change their diet during winter to berries, buds, and flowers whenever they feel like it.

Are they dangerous?

All the species of deer are somewhat dangerous to dogs and humans. The obvious reason behind this is that these animals do not trust anyone and often think that humans are threatening to them.

Would they make a good pet?

The roe deer cannot be a satisfactory pet to a human. Yes, they are adorable in appearance but these animals become wary and unmanageable as they mature, they should be left to thrive in their natural habitat.

Did you know...

There are two similar species by which people often get confused with roe deer, those species of deer are called red deer and fallow deer. These two are different in appearance as the fallow deer have flattened antlers with white-colored spots on their body whereas the red deer have a short tail and branched, large antlers on their head. These features differentiate them from roe deer as they do not have tails and large antlers.

Deers are known to be creatures of habit that will walk the same path if safe.

Some other interesting deer species are key deer and the reindeer.

Are there roe deers in America?

There are no records that state that roe deers are found to habitat in the American regions. They are not found in their woodlands as well as in the zoological parks.

Do roe deers lose their antlers?

Every species of deer shed their antlers when the climate changes, which means either in summers or winters. These creatures prefer to shed their antlers in the winter season.  They are also known to shed their antlers after the mating period ends which is in September. The oldest roe deer shed their antlers first and this process continues with every male present in the group. The last shedding was done during November month and the new set starts to grow straight away. The roe deer shed their antlers once a year.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other mammals from our Java sparrow facts and laughing owl facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable roe deer coloring pages.

Roe Deer Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Leaves, grass, young shoots, berries, trees

What Type of Animal were they?

Leaves, grass, young shoots, berries, trees

Average Litter Size?


How Much Did They Weigh?

22-77 lb (10-35 kg)

What habitat Do they Live In?

open habitats, woodlands, forests, agricultural land

Where Do They Live?


How Long Were They?

37.4-53 in (95-135 cm)

How Tall Were They?

25-26 in (63-67 cm)







Scientific Name

Capreolus capreolus

What Do They Look Like?

Bright red-brown to dull brown coat

Skin Type

Fur coat

What Are Their Main Threats?

hunting, lynxes, wolves

What is their Conservation Status?

Least Concern
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Written by Divya Raghav

Bachelor of Commerce specializing in Accounting and Finance, Master of Business Administration

Divya Raghav picture

Divya RaghavBachelor of Commerce specializing in Accounting and Finance, Master of Business Administration

With a diverse range of experience in finance, administration, and operations, Divya is a diligent worker known for her attention to detail. Born and raised in Bangalore, she completed her Bachelor's in Commerce from Christ University and is now pursuing an MBA at Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Bangalore. Along with her professional pursuits, Divya has a passion for baking, dancing, and writing content. She is also an avid animal lover who dedicates her time to volunteering for animal welfare causes.

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