Striking Sword Facts: Learn All About This Historical Weapon | Kidadl


Striking Sword Facts: Learn All About This Historical Weapon

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There's an ancient adage that a sword is as strong as the hand that wields it.

A sword and its bearer have had incredible importance all through history. Swords are still highly appreciated and treasured today, appearing prominently on logos, flags, and status around the world.

So, what exactly is a sword? These blades can be straight or curved and have a longer blade than a knife or dagger. However, swords do vary depending on the historical time, geographical location, material used, and craftsmanship. Whatever style it is, all swords consist of the sharp blade, its handle known as the hilt, and the scabbard, which serves as a cover for the sword blade while not in use.

It could be historical warfare or a video game today; the greatest swords are typically thought to raise a warrior's confidence. Discovering more about swords is always intriguing. So, today, we've brought you all the details on how these weapons originated and the different incarnations that have existed throughout the centuries.

Discovery Of The Sword

Since ancient times, the proficient use of a sword, an honorable weapon, was considered an achievement confined to the nobility and elite classes. However, swards also became important tools as weapons on the battlefield, and later also important for self-defense. Let us explore further how swards were founded and adapted over time?

It was in the third millennium BC, in the Middle East, when the knife or dagger gave birth to the sword. Around 3300 BC, the first swords were forged in Arslantepe, Turkey. These were crafted first in arsenic copper, then in tin-bronze or arsenical bronze, and were plated with silver in certain cases. They tended to be around 24 in (60 cm) long. The sword grew rapidly, eventually reaching a total length of more than 39 in (100 cm). These massive swords are anointed as type A swords from the Aegean Bronze Age, and were initially made in Minoan Crete approximately 1700 BC. The Naue II type or grip-tongue swords were some of the most prominent and long-lasting forms of swords which are from the European Bronze Age. These historical significance swords were initially made in northern Italy about the 13th century BC and remained long into the Iron Age. This was when weapon metal shifted from bronze to iron over its history. Since then, the iron sword has become extremely pervasive, and it became the most potent and strong form of the sword. Craftmanship of the sword later moved into high-carbon steel, crafted with Damascus steel in the Indian subcontinent. Longer spatha swords were introduced during the late Roman Empire. Throughout the Migration era and far into the Middle Ages, the spatha form remained popular. Following the Middle Ages, sword technology expanded, and the sword evolved into a very sophisticated weapon, with innovative sword designs that emerged quickly from roughly 1300-1500, in tandem with improving armor.

Different Kinds Of Swords

Swords have evolved into many different shapes, sizes and strengths. There have been several sorts of swords throughout history based on local ethnicities and fabrication techniques. Let us examine the different types of swords and how they have evolved over time.

One form on the sword is known as the two-handed sword. Two-handed swords include any swords that were designed to be wielded with two hands, and thus they tend to be large and heavy weapons. Notable among this type are the European longsword called greatswords, which was popular during the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, the Claymore of late medieval Scotland, and the 16th-century Bidenhänder Sword. These swards were later referred to in the late 19th century as 'hand-and-a-half swords', and during the first half of the 20th century, it was termed as the bastard sword. Long swords that are slender and sharply-pointed with two-edged blades were called rapier swords. The rapier sword was used both for martial arts, fencing and as a military weapon. In addition to these, another early modern sword form is the basket-hilted sword, distinguished by a basket-shaped guard that shields the hand, which is primarily employed in the military. From around 1850, The single-handed Sword or one-handed Sword, such as the arming sword, came into existence.

Types Of Blades

All elements of the sword have a role in defining its quality; however, the blade without a doubt, is the most significant aspect of the sword. The sword's effectiveness is highly effected by the blade's craftsmanship, shape, and quality. Now, take a look at how a sword differs depending on the type of sword blade.

The kind of sword mostly depends on the blade. A double-edged straight sword with a straight blade is intended for maximum stability, power, and flexibility. The edgeless and thrusting swords do not have any cutting edges at all. They are elongated weapons built for speed, accuracy, and quick thrusting attacks to expose weaknesses in the enemy's defenses. Single-cutting edged swords, which are often stout and have a curved blade, are usually built for slashing with broad stroke movements.

Swords are not simple to use and master; it takes a long time and a lot of effort to become a proficient and effective master of the sword.

Famous Swords

To pick one of these many different sorts of swords, you really need to be an expert. So, considering their lengthy and distinguished history, you might be wondering if there are any famous swords among them. Not to worry, we've gathered a list of notable swords!

The jian is a renowned double-edged straight sword that has been used in China for the last 2,500 years. Many types of Chinese martial arts employ bigger two-handed versions for training. According to Chinese mythology, this is regarded as one of the four primary weapons and termed 'The Gentleman of Weapons.' The spatha was a double-edged longsword used by the Romans. Seax is a distinct short sword favored by Germanic people, particularly the Saxons, whose name originates from this weapon. The xiphos is a one-handed, double-edged straight shortsword used by the Greeks. It was a light blade with a leaf-shaped design meant to cut and thrust. A cutlass sword was a common naval weapon during the early age of sail. This has a short, wide, and slightly curved blade that is sharp on the cutting edge and a hilt with a solid or basket-shaped cover. The backsword was the first style of European sword with a single-edged blade and a hilt designed for a single-handed hold and equipped with knuckle protection during the early 14th century. Dao, also known as Chinese broadswords, are single-edged Chinese swords that are one of the four traditional weapons. Katana are ancient Japanese swords with a curved, single-edged blade, a circular or square cover, and a long hold to support two hands. These swords were employed by samurai and are famously known as samurai swords. A khanjar is an Oman-made traditional short curved sword formed like the letter 'J' and resembles a hook worn by males for ceremonial purposes. Another well-known sword referenced in Greek and Roman mythology is the harpe, which is a sword with a sickle projection.

As you can see, there are so many types of swords! From samurai swords, or the jian, to the bastard sword and other types of arming sword. Despite the fact that they are now mostly used as an emblem or in competitions, they are still master's weapons. You must always exercise extreme caution while handling any shard or dangerous object, such as a sword.


What are the three types of swords in modern fencing?

Today, in the sword sport known as modern fencing, three types of swords are used: Foil, Epee, and Sabre.

How much does a sword cost?

Swords may be purchased for anything between $16 to $2000.

What is the sharpest sword in the world?

Damascus steel swords, also known as wootz steel swords, are the sharpest swords available, capable of breaking stones and slashing a falling piece of silk in half.

What is the Thanos sword made of?

The sword of our beloved Thanos is made of uru.

Did people name their swords in the past?

Although it was not a typical tradition, several rulers and heroes named their swords.

Did all Japanese samurais own a sword?

Each samurai used to have a stockpile of swords for their use.

Written By
Sridevi Tolety

Sridevi's passion for writing has allowed her to explore different writing domains, and she has written various articles on kids, families, animals, celebrities, technology, and marketing domains. She has done her Masters in Clinical Research from Manipal University and PG Diploma in Journalism From Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. She has written numerous articles, blogs, travelogues, creative content, and short stories, which have been published in leading magazines, newspapers, and websites. She is fluent in four languages and likes to spend her spare time with family and friends. She loves to read, travel, cook, paint, and listen to music.

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