Temple And Cemetery Of Confucius And The Kong Family Mansion In Qufu | Kidadl

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Temple And Cemetery Of Confucius And The Kong Family Mansion In Qufu

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A great philosopher, politician, a great educator, and a historic character, Confucius has his temple, cemetery, and family mansion in Qufu, China.

The temple, cemetery, and mansion were built in 478 BC to commemorate his contribution to the world. It was in the year 1994 this temple was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This thousand-year-old temple has been demolished and reconstructed over the centuries to preserve the authenticity and originality of this temple. Today, this site comprises over 100 buildings.

Did you know the cemetery contains Confucius' tomb as well as the tombs of his 1 million descendants?

Confucius came from a humble beginning, and he lived in a small house that belonged to the Kong family. However, over the years, this building transformed into a royal residence, and today about 152 buildings of his palace remain.

It covers an area of a whopping 1506947 sq. ft (34.59474288 acres). There are more than 100 halls, pavilions, towers, and other buildings present in the complex. This ancient architectural complex has a lot of religious and sacred significance.

The temple is 0.80 mi (1.3 km) long and has nine courtyards. The rooms and the courtyards are extremely impressive. The traditional Chinese decorative elements like bright red walls and yellow glazed tiles add to the appeal of the whole complex

The Kong Family Mansion was initially just a simple place, but gradually, it transformed into a vast royal palace that marks an important cultural heritage today. Only the male direct descendants were allowed to live and work here.

There was a fire in the complex in the 14th century. After that, the temple was rebuilt, and the palace was made at a small distance from the temple. In the 19th century, again fire destroyed this complex. Now there are 170 buildings here spread across 753152.4 sq. ft (17.29 acres) of land.

Confucius was a well-known figure in ancient China. His system of belief pertaining to politics, philosophy, and ethics is known as Confucianism. The cultural heritage, Chinese foods, and beliefs of the people from China have influences from Confucius.

Historical And Cultural Facts

Confucius has marked a profound influence on Chinese culture. Because of his invaluable contributions to the culture, he was hailed as the Sacred Model Teacher for over ten thousand generations.

The temple is home to many precious objects of historical importance. It has carved paintings that portrayed the life of Confucius. Approximately 60,000 archives and files of Ming and Qing dynasties are kept in the mansion. This helps to gather knowledge about life in the Ming dynasties and Qing dynasties'.

The temple was destroyed twice by fire, once in the 14th century and once in the late 19th century. But it was reconstructed both times, and today it exhibits over 100,000 ancient collections. Among these, the most famous are the ceremonial utensils, paintings of Confucius, and clothes and caps of the Ming and Qing dynasties. In addition to that, over 60000 archives present on this site provide a credible source of record of the ancient times.

The temple and cemetery of Confucius, as well as the Kong family mansion in Qufu, in the Shandong Province, holds a key role in carrying out the analysis of ancient Chinese politics, Chinese culture, and the economy of the area.

Confucius was a scared figure for Chinese emperors for ten thousand generations. The temple and cemetery complex is spread over an area of 1506740.4 sq. ft (34.59 acres). There are buildings from Jin to the Qing dynasty. This also includes different interesting structures and more than 1250 ancient trees.

This temple serves as a model for different Confucius Temples spread all across the world. The style and layout are followed to keep the essence the same.

Facts For Tourists

Confucius has a significant influence not only on Chinese traditions but also has an imprint in the Korean, Japanese, and Vietnamese traditions. His teachings also reached beyond boundaries and enlightened the Europeans in the 18th century. So, no matter where you live, you must have heard and lived by the philosophies of Confucius.

He greatly emphasized the importance of morality, the importance of social relationships, the value of proper justice, the power of kindness and sincerity. He also encouraged goodness, honesty, and modesty in people. His teachings are passed on from generation to generation to help make this Earth a better place to live in.

However, Confucius did not stay alive to see how popular his teachings became in Chinese culture. His popularity soared in years after his death, and by the 4th century BC, he began to be regarded as a sage.

His Philosophy was the state ideology of the Han Dynasty. The tomb of the great sage is a simple mound of grass that has been enclosed within a low wall. Historical records state that Confucius was buried way back in 479 BC on the Si River banks. His grandson and son are also buried closely.

The cemetery of Confucius has been repaired and rebuilt almost 13 times. This mansion is also referred to as the Holly Mansion. This imperial palace has a massive significance in Chinese culture.

People wanting to study different Chines dynasties visit the temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong mansion. The buildings are made with extreme care and caution by skilled craftsmen. They demonstrate the ideals of Confucianism.

Protection And Management

In 1961 the temple and cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion were a part of the First Group of State Protected Sites. They came under the ambit of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Cultural Relics.

In 1994, the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and Kong Family Mansion became a UNESCO World Heritage site. This site is a protected zone, and many measures are taken to preserve the culture and heritage of the site.

A multi-source fund was allocated for the purpose of heritage conservation. Robust legal protection was given to the property. A periodic and daily monitoring system has been established. Measures are taken, so that integrity and authenticity of heritage are maintained.

Other Miscellaneous Facts

The temple is dedicated to the world-renowned social philosopher and thinker- Confucius.

There is an Apricot Altar inside the temple; this is the site where this great mind imparted education to young children. It also has the famous cypress, which Confucius planted himself. There are also over 1,000 stone tablets that reflect the deets of Chinese history.

Confucius considered the duke of Zhou as the ideal ruler. The Zhou dynasties established a realm of peace and prosperity in ancient China. After the Zhou Dynasty fell apart, the Qin dynasty began to rule and Chinese culture spread across East Asia.

Close to the walled town of Lindao Lu is the very famous Confucius Forest. It is a peaceful cemetery of cypress and pine that is spread over 21527787.6 sq. ft (494.21 acres) of land. The serene environment is a definite draw for tourists.

Confucius Forest has been made on the foundations of the Zhou dynasty wall. There are more than 100,000 direct descendants of Confucius, and they have been buried here for the last 2000 years.

Sculpture of Confucius, the ancient Chinese philosopher and teacher

FAQs

Who built the Temple of Confucius Qufu?

The temple of Confucius was built by the famous emperor Luaigong. He was the emperor of Lu way back in 478 BC. Later several other emperors rebuilt the temple for expansion or when the entire area was brought down due to fire. Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty was the last person to work on the expansion of the temple.

When was the temple and cemetery of Confucius built?

The temple and cemetery of Confucius were built way back in 478 BC. It has been destroyed and reconstructed several times after that.

Where are the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion located?

The Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion are located in the Shandong province of China.

What is the significance of the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion?

The temple and cemetery of Confucius are built to honor Confucius, who was a great Chinese thinker and philosopher. The Kong family mansion is the residence of the descendants of Confucius. The Kong family conducted huge religious ceremonies and events here.

When and why were the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu declared as a World Heritage Site?

It was declared as a World Heritage Site in 1994 as they have immense value in Chinese culture. They present the most significant piece of evidence for the development and growth of the Kong clan.

Written By
Joan Agie

<p>With 3+ years of research and content writing experience across several niches, especially on education, technology, and business topics. Joan holds a Bachelor’s degree in Human Anatomy from the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, and has worked as a researcher and writer for organizations across Nigeria, the US, the UK, and Germany. Joan enjoys meditation, watching movies, and learning new languages in her free time.</p>

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