The Deadliest Tornado In The World That Created Chaos | Kidadl


The Deadliest Tornado In The World That Created Chaos

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The Daulapur-Saturia Tornado is called the deadliest tornado hit in world history has ever witnessed.

It took place in the Manikganj District of Bangladesh (former East Pakistan) on April 26, 1989. No other tornado has outreached the damage given by this tornadic event.

Approx 1300 people of the entire village died because of this tornado. One of the reasons for such a high death toll was that this area was among the poorest areas of Bangladesh. The total death toll was not calculated at that time because of the poor measuring techniques, and the location was like a slum, so the authorities did not document it properly. Looking at the destruction pictures of that area, it won't be tough to believe that the death toll would be even higher than the registered death count of 1300.

A tornado is a column of furiously rotating air that extends from the base of a thunderstorm to the ground. Tornadoes can cause extensive damage, including fatalities. The most common type of tornado is called a 'landspout.' They are generally weak and short-lived but can still cause damage. Tornadoes form when wind speeds reach 50 mph (80.46 kph) or more, and conditions are favorable for severe thunderstorms.

Bangladesh (former East Pakistan) is termed as the third country in the world to get affected by tornadoes at the worst, after USA and Canada. Bangladesh has been an epicenter of tornadoes, but the damage of the Daulatpur-Saturia tornado is considered the worst to date in world history. However, eyewitnesses believe that the number of deaths was far higher, the deadliest and most destructive tornado in recorded history. Saturia and Daulatpur were the most devastated cities. Due to creating tornadic conditions, the region had been experiencing drought for almost six months before the tornado. This incident has an ironic twist; the tornado formed and devastated the area shortly after President Muhamad Ershad requested that the people pray for rain.

The tornado was initially observed at 6:30 p.m. local time, when most fatalities happened. Because of the rural and remote nature of the tornado, it is considered to be part of the outbreak, which has taken the lives of another five people and injured another 600. There were massive damages in the area, with nearly every property in the tornado's path being entirely destroyed and countless others being damaged.

Tornadoes of any intensity can be destructive. And if you want to gather more knowledge on them, here we have the Biggest tornado in history and F1 tornado articles for you to help increase your insight.

Timeline Of The Tornado

There are many violent tornadoes in the history of tornado outbreaks and violent storms that have caused significant levels of destruction. The St. Louis tornado killed around 255 people, and the Tupelo tornado killed around 216 people. St. Louis tornado was a large tornado and the third deadliest in the history of the United States, having high wind speeds. It resulted in severe thunderstorms as its successors. Most of the time, the official records fail to register the actual casualties of any tornado outbreak, especially the violent tornadoes, as the destruction is so much that nothing gets left behind to calculate.

Tri-State Tornado, USA

Month and year: March 18 18 1925

Fujita Scale ranking: Around F5

Places of destruction: Princeton, West Frankfort, Griffin, Parrish, De Soto, Murphysboro, Annapolis, Gorham, Biehl.

This tri-state tornado devastated a total of three American states, and that's why it is called this name. In the history of US tornadoes, this tornado has the record of holding most deaths from a single tornado which was 700, and the injured person count was 2000+. The track of this tornado was 219 mi (352 km). Southern Illinois suffered the most deaths because of this.

Valletta Tornado/Malta Tornado, Malta

Month and Year: 1951/1956

Fujita scale ranking: N/A

Places of destruction: Valletta, Grand Harbour, and Malta.

This tornado is also considered one of the most deadly tornadoes in the world. The exact year of when did it stuck Valletta is not known yet. This disaster caused the death of more than 600 people and devasted infrastructure on an enormous scale. Starting as a waterspout tornado, this tornado increased its intensity so much that it became fatal.

Yangtze River – China – 2015: 442 Fatalities

The tornado that struck the Yangtze River was exceptional in that it killed 442 people despite being merely an F1 on the Fujita scale. The high death toll is because a cruise liner was going down the river at the time and was caught in the tornado, resulting in the death of many onboard. This incident occurred on June 1, 2015, and is still being investigated. The investigation was prompted by the fact that other ships on the river had gotten a warning and responded appropriately, but the cruise liner had not.

Madaripur and Shibchar – Bangladesh 1977: 500 Fatalities

Again, in the list, we have a tornado hit of Bangladesh, which took place in April in the Madaripur and Shibchur. This destroyed almost every home and other infrastructure of that area. There is still no official death toll of the number of casualties.

Natchez Torando

This affected the regions of South Carolina as the twister traversed the Mississippi River. This tornado outbreak was the worst tornado that the place has experienced among the tornado outbreaks, and the worst affected area was Gum Tree Park.

Regions Affected

After the storm hit, the destruction was so much that there were no signs of any infrastructure to be seen. The only signs which were there were of the bodies of people and animals. This tornado's width was about 1 mi (1.6 km), and the distance was 50 mi (80.46 km), making all its way through the slums of Manikganj. According to many surveys, more than 12000 people were injured while many Lakh people went homeless. This tornado completely devastated the area of Saturia and Manikganj. According to many reports, the damages caused by this tornado were around $1.5 million.

Although the tornado only lasted a few minutes, it had a considerable impact, destroying over 20 towns, killing livestock, destroying houses, and forcing people to flee their homes. Rain and hail pelted the countryside, endangering the few crops which had withstood the drought that had preceded the tornado. After the tornado, Central Bangladesh became a victim of disease and starvation, prompting the government to seek international medical and food aid. Because of the inadequate construction standards, large population density, and poverty in the area, the tornado's ferocity was amplified. According to studies, the poor are proven to be less healthy and less able to withstand natural calamities. They are also forced to seek sanctuary in areas that are particularly exposed to nature's tremendous powers. Aside from that, there are insufficient resources to deal with the aftermath of such a massive tragedy.

Tornado Alley is a loosely defined region in the United States' central area where tornadoes are most common. The phrase was initially used in 1952 as the title of a research project in Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, South Dakota, Iowa, and Nebraska to study severe weather.

Tornado outbreak brings a significant change in the jet streams of the area

Types Of Tornadoes

When you evaluate the damages of tornadoes, you should know the type of tornado you are dealing with, as it leads to many factors that need to be considered. Every tornado is different in terms of shape, color, size, and consistency. Tornadoes have a wide range of characteristics based on their form and what elements surround them. Below we have discussed some of the most common types of tornadoes that history has witnessed.

Supercell Tornadoes: This type of tornado is the one that all of us imagine when we picture a tornado in our minds and is a very violent tornado. It gets its origin from a violent and destructive thunderstorm. Supercell tornadoes tend to be on the ground for long hours, exceeding an hour sometimes. In contrast, other tornadoes do not have such a time frame to stay on the ground. Supercell tornadoes are very long-lasting and worst tornadoes and can even reach up to a speed of 200 mph (321.86 kph).

Landspout Tornadoes: Just like their name, the physical form of a Landspout tornado is like the water sprouts formed on land. They are not as powerful as the supercell tornadoes, yet their destruction is fatal. They do not make wall clouds like various other tornadoes form. These types of tornadoes develop alongside thunderstorms after the rain. They can be seen underneath huge cumulonimbus clouds or cumulus clouds. This is a violent tornado.

Gustnados: This type of tornado comes under the weak categories of tornadoes. They last for a very short period of time and have very slow wind speed. They are nothing but just some clouds of debris and spirals of dust formed from the winds of thunderstorms. They are often seen as large and fast dust devils. Gustnadoes get formed in very dusty regions and are usually less damaging than other types of large and worst tornadoes.

Waterspouts: Waterspout tornadoes form above the water, and most of the time, they disappear when it reaches the ground. They develop in front of cumulus clouds that expand most of the time rapidly. Sometimes they develop from small dust storms or when condensed freshwater droplets from their funnels, which form over warm tropical oceanic waters. Waterspouts can be terrifying for those who live near the sea, but due to their dissipation, they are not recognized for causing significant damage once they reach land.

Dust Devils: Dust devils form when the weather is very hot and dry. It is a massive tornado and usually starts around and in the desert areas. They get developed during the early afternoon or late mornings; at these times, the sunlight is strongest as the sun is at its highest and the ground is also very hot. Tornadoes of this kind are not very harmful because they only exist for a few minutes, and also, the wind speed is significantly less, around 70 mph (112.65 kph). When slow desert breezes form a swirling dirt tunnel, dust devils get formed. It is the weakest and not-so devastating tornado and least powerful.

Firenadoes: These tornadoes are created from the intense heat of volcanic eruptions or forest fires that happen in a large area. Firenadoes form when the fire's airflow concentrates on a small eddy, which then expands into a tornado-like column of flames and smoke. This tornado has wind speed up to 100 mph (160.93 kph) and has a destructive impact on the settlements.

Shrouded Tornadoes: Although most people think of tornadoes as a lengthy wind tunnel that emerges from a wall cloud, many tornadoes are obscured by the storm that produces them. These are known as cloaked tornadoes because their concealed formation makes them nearly impossible to notice. This creates a hazardous situation since onlookers will mistakenly feel they have encountered a massive storm while a tornado is lurking nearby.

Wedge Tornadoes: Most tornadoes take the appearance of a wedge that can grow so big that it appears to be nothing more than a massive block of ominous clouds. The wedge is typically wider than the distance between the cloud and the earth. This can be perplexing because viewers frequently couldn't distinguish between a wedge tornado and a low-hanging cloud. Wedge tornadoes are common in large tornadoes.

Dissipating Tornadoes: Tornadoes that are dissipating take on intriguing shapes as they fade away. They're also known as "rope tornadoes" because they take the shape of a long funnel that looks like a rope or tube. Tornadoes coil and twist into intricate, complicated shapes that are both beautiful and dangerous. The winds that create the tornado lessen as the funnel lengthens, and the tornado eventually disappears.

Colorful Tornadoes: Depending on the physical context in which they grow, tornadoes can take a variety of tints and colors. Tornadoes that originate over water are blue or dazzling white, whereas tornadoes that form in the mountains are white because of the snow. Tornadoes on the Great Plains can appear red because of the reddish soil they devour, while funnels that swirl slowly takes up a significant amount of dust and dirt, resulting in a very dark hue of brown. Tornadoes that form in arid locations with little loose earth to suck up can be nearly invisible, with only the spirals of dirt at their base to identify them.

Facts about the deadliest tornado in the world

This tornado was reported to have attained F5 wind speeds; however, it was not officially rated.

While on the ground, it moved around 50 mi (80.46 km).

This tornado had a breadth of around 1 mi (1.5 km); however, it had a maximum width of 1.5 mi (2.5 km) at one point.

It impacted Bangladesh's Manikganj District.

It is estimated that 1,300 people were killed, 12,000+ were injured, and over 80,000 people were displaced due to the disaster.

Due to the poor condition of the area it struck, no official damage figure has been made.

The homes inside a 2.3 sq. mi (6 sq. km) area were completely destroyed.

The tornado in question was part of a larger outbreak of tornadoes.

The area where the tornado impacted had suffered from a severe drought for the previous six months.

The Daulapur-Saturia Tornado is usually regarded as the world's deadliest tornado.

It is Bangladesh's deadliest tornado in the country's history.

It is thought to have killed around 1,300 people, nearly double the number of persons killed in the second deadliest tornado.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created many interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for the Devastating and deadliest tornado in the world that created chaos, then why not take a look at the 1999 Bridge creek–Moore tornado or the 1997 Miami tornado?

Written By
Nidhi Sahai

<p>Dedicated and experienced, Nidhi is a professional content writer with a strong reputation for delivering high-quality work. She has contributed her expertise to esteemed organizations, including Network 18 Media and Investment Ltd. Driven by her insatiable curiosity and love for journalism and mass communication, Nidhi pursued a Bachelor of Arts degree from Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, graduating with distinction in 2021. During her college years, she discovered her passion for Video Journalism, showcasing her skills as a videographer for her institution. Nidhi's commitment to making a positive impact extends beyond her professional pursuits. Actively engaging in volunteer work, she has contributed to various events and initiatives throughout her academic career.</p>

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