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Louisiana is a state located in the Southeast of the United States, bounded on the North by Arkansas, on the East by the Mississippi River, on the West by Texas, and on the South by the Gulf of Mexico.
French adventurer Robert de LaSalle named Louisiana after King Louis XIV of France. Louisiana is the 25th most populated state in the United States, having a population of about 4.6 million.
Louisiana is a southern state that is a cultural 'melting pot' of French, African, French-Canadian, and contemporary American traditions. It is known for its distinctive Creole and Cajun culture, cuisine, jazz music, and Mardi Gras festivities. Fishing, state parks, and wartime displays are also available.
Inhabitants of Louisiana have a cheap cost of living that is, on average, 5% less than the remainder of the country. Under the authority of both France and Spain, Louisiana was nominally Roman Catholic. The church parishes are often aligned with the borders separating the regions. The territory assembly formally accepted the ecclesiastical name in 1807.
Louisiana's official bird is the brown pelican, a bird known for its enormous beak, which features a pouch on the lower section that can be stretched substantially.
From memorial parades to morning beignets, living in Louisiana is all about enjoying the good times.
In terms of the political subdivision, Louisiana is divided into 64 parishes. It is nicknamed the Sugar State, the Bayou State, the Creole State, the Child of the Mississippi, and the Pelican State. Even though Baton Rouge is the Louisiana state capital, New Orleans is more well-known. Louisiana is the only state in the country with parishes rather than counties as of June 2022. Louisiana was once split into counties. In 1807, these local administration units were replaced by 19 parishes, the limits of which typically corresponded to territories formerly managed by local churches. Louisiana has around 64 parishes.
Louisiana has several things to be proud of. Breaux Bridge, a city in St. Martin Parish, is recognized as the Crawfish Capital of the World. Dubach is known as the Dog Trot Capital of the World because of its numerous breezeway-themed residences, Rayne is the Frog Capital of the World, Mamou is indeed the Cajun Music Capital of the World, Gueydan is said to be the Duck Capital of America, and above all, Crowley is the Rice Capital of the World, even if Stuttgart in Arkansas might challenge those last two labels. Rayne holds an annual Frog Festival featuring races and jumping events for frogs costumed in frog-sized tuxes and top hats.
Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in Louisiana is the world's longest bridge across a body of water, stretching approximately 24 mi (38.6 km), including two parallel spans, the first of which was inaugurated in 1956 and the second in 1969. It even has its own website, wherein drivers can get traffic and weather reports and see live streams. Louisiana has one of the nation's largest alligator populations, with approximately two million in the wild and then another 300,000 on alligator farms. Annually, around 1.4 million people celebrate Mardi Gras in New Orleans. New Orleans is the largest city and geographic center of the state.
Louisiana's terrain is separated into three sorts of regions: lowlands, terraces, and hills. Louisiana gained statehood on April 30, 1812, becoming the 18th state to enter the union. The early French and Spanish inhabitants left an indelible mark on the state's culture and cuisine. The Louisiana State Capitol Building is the country's highest state capital. The moniker Pelican State refers to the large number of pelicans that used to live along the state's gulf coast. Louisiana is one of the top oil and gas-producing states in the United States. Natural gas was discovered for the first time in Louisiana in 1823. It was discovered 400 ft (121.9 m) below ground.
Since 1541, the state of Louisiana has been governed under a total of 10 different flags. Louisiana's official flag was chosen in 1912, precisely 100 years after the state was formed.
Spanish settlers were the first Europeans to set foot in the Mississippi River Valley and see the Rocky Mountains.
The Louisiana Purchase was the most important accomplishment of the administration of President Thomas Jefferson. The whole Louisiana territory was purchased from France by the United States in 1803. By forcing France into desperation via war, Great Britain actually played a part in the Louisiana Purchase.
The Mississippi River flows along the state's boundaries, and through its efforts to harness it, the Mississippi River has resulted in a land depletion issue in Southeastern Louisiana.
Grand Isle, a barrier island in Louisiana coastland off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, is a favorite picnic and vacation spot. The Pelican State does not have an official language and has four spoken languages: English, French, Spanish, and Vietnamese.
The state is also a top producer of soybeans and corn. Louisiana's designated state bear, the Louisiana black bear, is at risk of extinction. There are approximately 600 of these black bears alive, and while some scientists believe they will not become extinct in the next century, most would want to see the population rise significantly.
In Louisiana, Fat Tuesday is a large event held before Ash Wednesday. The most renowned Fat Tuesday festival is held in New Orleans. The New Orleans festival is sometimes called the Mardi Gras celebration. Since 1838, it has been held in New Orleans. New Orleans is one of North America's most unique cultural hubs. New Orleans is also known for its unique music. In New Orleans, Creole food and distinct languages are essential.
Louisiana's form is surprisingly similar to the capital letter 'L' or a boot on the map. Louisiana departed the union during the American Civil War in 1861. In 1868, it was re-admitted to the association. There are many Louisiana state symbols.
The state symbols range from the Brown Pelican as the state bird to the Catahoula leopard dog as the state dog, the bald Cypress as the state tree, and more.
'You Are My Sunshine', written and composed by former Louisiana Governor Jimmie H. Davis and Charles Mitchell, was designated as the state song of Louisiana in 1977. This region is home to some major musical genres like Creole music, swamp pop, and swamp blues.
Numerous outstanding artists from Louisiana territory have created or performed songs that will forever be part of the country's soundtrack. These are 'You Are My Sunshine' by Jimmie Davis, 'Feels Like Rain' by John Hiatt/Buddy Guy, 'Goodnight Irene' by Huddie Leadbetter, 'Fire On The Bayou' by The Meters/Neville Brothers, 'Oops, I Did It Again' by Britney Spears, 'Born On The Bayou' by John Fogerty/Credence Clearwater Revival, 'Lake Charles' by Lucinda Williams, and 'Louisiana' by Tim McGraw.
Louisiana has a high poverty rate and ranks poorly in terms of economic equality, racial income disparities, and food security.
Louisiana ranks 16th and 20th in terms of cost of living and home affordability, respectively. Louisiana is not one of the safest states in the country: the state's violent crime rate of 5.57 per 1,000 people and property crime rate of 33.67 per 1,000 people is much higher than the national averages, including both categories.
In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused great damage to New Orleans and the surrounding areas.
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