What Is A Group Of Penguins Called? Fun Facts You May Not Know

Deepthi Reddy
Feb 29, 2024 By Deepthi Reddy
Originally Published on Nov 12, 2021
Edited by Lara Simpson
Group of penguins Leaping into Ocean
?
Age: 3-18
Read time: 5.4 Min

Penguins can be found together in a variety of environments and habitats around the world.

Penguins are social birds that congregate on land in groups of hundreds or even thousands of participants during the nesting season and other times of the year. They live most commonly in the southern hemisphere, which has the Antarctic Ocean.

Penguins are the birds of the ocean with dark and white plumage and flippers for swimming, making them well adjusted to life in the water. A predator gazing up from below (such as an orca or a leopard seal) may have trouble distinguishing between a light-skinned penguin belly and the shiny water surface. From above, the dark plumage on their backs hides them. The food menu of penguins includes krill, fish, squid, and other sea animals that they catch while swimming underwater.

They live on land for roughly one-half of their lives and in the sea for the other. Penguins waddle or slide on the snow on their stomachs, propelling themselves with their feet. Penguins have a typical bird's sense of hearing, which parents and young ones use to find each other in congested colonies.

Penguins are seabirds that cannot fly and spend most of their life living south of the equator. Some species can be found in milder regions, but most of them, including the emperor, chinstrap, and gentoo penguins, live in and around the continent of Antarctica.

There are 18 different species of penguins in the world. The Galapagos penguins are the only species found north of the equator. The temperate zone is home to various penguin species, including emperor penguins which are the world's largest living penguin species. The tiniest penguin species is the little blue penguin, also referred to as the 'fairy penguin.'

The word penguin was first used as a synonym for the big auk in the 16th century. South Africa, Antarctica, Argentina, New Zealand, Chile, Australia, Namibia, and Angola all inhabit populations of penguins.

Except for the yellow-eyed and Fiordland species, Penguins breed in enormous colonies that can range in size from a few hundred pairs for gentoo penguins to several hundred thousand for king, macaroni, and chinstrap penguins. The Humboldt penguin is a penguin found in South America, primarily in the Pinguino de Humboldt National Reserve in northern Chile.

Before the breeding season, penguins establish monogamous partnerships. Breeding season varies depending on the birds. Penguins huddle together for several reasons.

News, articles, and posts about penguins are available around the world. Many books and films have included penguins, including Happy Feet, Surf's Up, and The Penguins of Madagascar. Sega released a video game named Pengo in 1982 set in Antarctica. Tango Makes Three, a children's book, is about one penguin family at the New York Zoo.

The IUCN Red List lists them as one of the most Endangered species as around two-thirds of penguin species are classified as Threatened. The most prevalent birds in Antarctica are penguins. Penguins can drink seawater.

If you have enjoyed reading this article so far, check what a group of dolphins called and what is a group of ducks called here on Kidadl?

Most Common Name For A Group Of Penguins

Colony, rookery, and huddle are the most common collective nouns for a group of penguins. It is a fact that they are known by various names.

Waddle also refers to a group of penguins because they waddle. The waddle of penguins is a product of their bone anatomy and hydrodynamic adaptations, and it's one of their most appealing characteristics. Penguins have an upright stance on land, and their bodies are tilted forward when they waddle, hop, or run.

Penguins return to the same spot and occasionally even the same nest site year after year. The nest site of a penguin can be a mold, flat surface, or a scrape nest.

Penguins together are also called a colony, sometimes known as a rookery if it is a big breeding group. These words refer to a group of penguins on land.

What is a group of baby penguins called?

Chicks are the term used to describe young penguins. At this age, they can also be referred to as nestlings, just like any other bird species. Baby penguins don't have a specific name.

When referring to them in general, they are sometimes referred to as young penguins. Chicks form groupings known as creches. The objective of which is to shield them from predators. Chicks huddle together to keep themselves hot in cold weather while their parents are out looking for food.

Chicks have soft and fluffy feathers. Although they huddle down like this, they depend on their parents for warmth. Although eggs and chicks are eaten by other birds, a healthy adult penguin on land has no natural predators.

Name For A Large Group Of Penguins

Emperor penguins flock Antarctica snow

There are numerous names for different animal groupings, such as a pod which refers to a group of dolphins and not penguins.

Murder is a term often used to refer to a group of crows. Some, such as herds or packs, are well-known and shared by many animals.

Their location and activities sometimes determine the collective noun for a group of penguins. Penguins are called by several names such as waddle, raft, rookery, colony, and huddle.

The second-largest penguin species is the king penguin. On the chilly sub-Antarctic islands where they breed, they have four layers of feathers to keep them warm. Penguins are free to roam but not entirely free from predators, especially in the water.

Group Of Penguins In The Water

While penguins cannot fly, they are excellent swimmers because of their rigid flippers, webbed feet, and streamlined bodies.

They spend the majority of their lives and do nearly all of their hunting in the water. Penguins can swim at a relatively high speed. A maximum swim speed of 7.4 mph (12 kph) has been reported for king penguins, while they usually swim between 4 - 4.9 mph (6.5- 7.9 kph).

A large number of penguins swimming or a group of penguins in water is called a raft. Penguins can stay on ice for hours at a time. Indeed, many penguins are so adept at keeping warm that they suffer from overheating during the summer.

Emperor penguins can stay submerged for up to 20 minutes at a time.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for what is a group of penguins called, then why not take a look at what is a group of goats called, or penguin facts?

We Want Your Photos!
We Want Your Photos!

We Want Your Photos!

Do you have a photo you are happy to share that would improve this article?
Email your photos

More for You

See All

Written by Deepthi Reddy

Master of Business Administration

Deepthi Reddy picture

Deepthi ReddyMaster of Business Administration

With an MBA under her belt, Deepthi has discovered her true calling in content writing. Her writing repertoire is diverse, covering travel, movies, pet care, parenting, animals and birds, and more. Her joy of learning and creating has helped her craft well-written and engaging articles. When she isn't writing, Deepthi enjoys exploring new cultures, trying different foods, and spending quality time with her two children aged 7 and 12.

Read full bio >