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Allama Iqbal Birthday & Fun Facts

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Allama Iqbal Birthday Highlights

Birth Name
Muhammad Iqbal
Place Of Birth
Sialkot, Pakistan
146 years old
Birth Date
November 9 1877

Allama Iqbal Facts

Child Star?
Education & Qualifications
Ludwig Maximilian University
Current Partner
Sardar Begum
Miraj Begum, Aftab Igbal, Javed Iqbal, Muneera Bano
Sheikh Noor Muhammad,Imam Bibi

About Allama Iqbal

Sir Muhammad Iqbal, also known as Allama, was a philosopher, national poet, politician, and Muslim writer.

On November 9, 1877, Muhammad Iqbal was born and raised in Sialkot, in the Punjab province of British India (present-day Pakistan), to Kashmiri parents. His poetry in Urdu is deemed one of the best of the 20th century.

As a politician and philosopher, Allama Iqbal's concept of a cultural and political purpose for the Muslims of British India was to revitalize the motivation for creating Pakistan. Iqbal is referred to with the honorific Allama because of his contribution. As a writer and national poet, Allama Iqbal wrote literary works in Urdu and Pakistan. He wrote 12,000 verses of poetry, of which 7,000 are in Persian. In 1915, Iqbal's first book 'Asrar-e-Khudi', was released, which was a collection of his poems. The occurring them of Iqbal's poetry include the recollection of the disappeared past of Islam, criticism of its present situation, and a summon for harmony and reform. Iqbal's song 'Taranah-e-Hindi' is still played in India as a patriotic song about communal harmony. Muhammad Iqbal is deemed a Muslim philosopher and great poet who remained an important figure in Urdu literature. Many Indian, Pakistani, Iranian, and Turk bards admired him. It's the reason why he got the title 'Poet of the East'. Due to his significance in the history of Pakistan, his birthday is declared Iqbal day. Allama Iqbal passed away on April 21, 1938, in Lahore.

Childhood And Education

Muhammad Iqbal's birthplace was Sialkot, Punjab province of present-day- Pakistan. His father, Sheikh Noor Muhammad, was a tailor, while his mother, Imam Bibi, was a humble woman who was helpful to the poor. Regarding his education, Iqbal went to Scottish Mission School and enrolled at a reputed Government College University in Lahore. In college, Muhammad Iqbal came across Urdu poetry. He received a master's degree in philosophy from this college in 1899. Iqbal then wrote poems in the language, some of which were published in 1901. Iqbal then got a scholarship offer from Trinity College in Cambridge. He moved there and got a bachelor's degree in 1906. Iqbal worked in London for some time and then moved to Germany to pursue a doctorate. In 1908, He earned his doctorate from Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich. The same year, Iqbal returned to Lahore and taught English literature and philosophy. At the same time, he was practicing law in Lahore.

Family and Relationship

Allama Iqbal was married thrice. In 1895, he married Karim Bibi when he was just 18 years old. The families arranged the union. His wife was the daughter of a Physician from Gujarat. Bibi's sister was the legendary musician Khwaja Khurshid Anwar's mother. The couple had two children named Miraj Begum and Aftab Iqbal. Like his father, Aftab became a barrister.

Allama Iqbal then married Mukhtar Begum in December 1914 after the passing of Karim Bibi in the previous month. The couple had a son. But the mother-son duo passed away shortly after the son was born.

Later, Muhammad Iqbal tied the knot with Sardar Begum. They had two children, Javed Iqbal and Muneer Bano. Javed Iqbal then became the Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan later. Meanwhile, one of the grandsons of Muneer Bano is a philanthropist.

Career And Professional Highlights

Best Known For…

Allama Iqbal is best known for being Pakistan's founder, national poet, and politician.

Iqbal has written many poems. Most of his works were translated into other languages, such as English, Russian, German, and Arabic.

Muhammad Iqbal is also considered the national poet of Pakistan. He had bachelor's degrees in English literature, philosophy, and Arabic from a Government college and received the Khan Bhadurddin F. S. Jalaluddin medal. In 1905, Iqbal collaborated with Sir Thomas Arnold as a student at Trinity College Cambridge in England.

Muhammad has written many famous ghazals during the freedom struggle. He wrote the Urdu ghazal 'Sare Jahan Se Achccha Hindostan Hamara' ( an ode to Hindustan). The song became a rallying expression against the British Raj. The ghazal became a patriotic ballad in India and is mainly played during important national events.

Iqbal is considered of the most significant figures in Persian and Urdu and Persian. He had written various volumes of poetry in these languages. After coming back to Lahore in 1908 from Munich, Iqbal served as a teacher by teaching philosophy and English literature. At the same time, he was working as a lawyer in Lahore. In 1915, Iqbal published his first book 'The Secrets of the Self'. In 1918, his book 'The Mysteries of Selflessness' was published. The two books were considered the foundation of poetic philosophy. The famous poet kept on writing and publishing volumes of poetry until his demise. He passed away on April 21, 1938, in Lahore City.

Muhammad Iqbal's Persian poetry book volumes include 'Rumuz-i-Bekhudi' and 'Zabur-i-Ajam'. Meanwhile, his Urdu poetry book volumes include 'Bang-i-Dara', 'Zarb-i Kalim', and some sections of 'Armughan-e-Hijaz'. In tribute to Muhammad Iqbal, Oxford University Press published his lectures on rebuilding Islamic religious opinions in Islam. His incredible work in Persian and Urd earned him the title of "Poet of the East" by scholarly critics. The critics also view Iqbal as an addition to the Sufi scholar Jalaluddin al-Rumi's ideology.

Other Interesting Allama Iqbal Facts And Trivia

  • Pakistan has declared November 9, Iqbal's birthday, a national holiday. November is declared as Iqbal day. On Iqbal day, many functions are held to remember the national poet. The National Museum of Pakistan in Karachi displays his things, such as outfits, books, and books. 
  • Iqbal made a famous speech in Allahabad, India, where he sketched the dream of a separate land for Muslims in India. The address was the motive behind the two-nation theory. It led to the creation of Pakistan in 1947.
  • In 1931, Iqbal served as a representative of Muslims of India at the Round Table Conferences. The conferences were held in England to confer the political fate of India.

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Monalisa is a skilled and committed writer who seeks opportunities to work in a creative environment. She wants to associate with organizations where she can learn to overcome challenges through a positive outlook. Monalisa is a graduate in sociology from Hindu College, University of Delhi, and has completed her MA in Sociology from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Her professional journey started as a faculty under the SBI-RSETI, where she mentored unemployed youths to avail of free training programs to generate self-employment. Monalisa has also worked as a geography teacher and a freelance subject matter expert. She soon realized that her interest lies in writing and now works as a full-time content writer.

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