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From 2002 until 2007, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, an Indian aerospace scientist, reigned as India's 11th president.
He learned physics and aeronautical engineering in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. APJ Abdul Kalam's birth date was October 15, 1931, while his place of birth was Rameswaram in the Madras Presidency of British India, present-day Tamil Nadu, India.
He worked as a scientist and scientific executive for the following four decades, mainly at the 'Indian Space Research Organization' and the 'Defence Research and Development Organization', where he was heavily engaged in the civilian space and defense missile development operations of India. Throughout his Presidency rule, he lived in Rashtrapati Bhavan, Delhi.
As a result of his efforts in advancing ballistic missiles and launching vehicle technologies, he became renowned as the 'Missile Man of India.' In India's Pokhran-II nuclear testing in 1998, he assumed a key organizational, political, and technical part with the country's first nuclear test in 1974. With the backing of most of the governing parties 'the Bharatiya Janata Party' and the then-opposition 'Indian National Congress', APJ Abdul Kalam was acclaimed as India's 11th president in 2002. He was widely known as the 'People's president,' as after a term of office, he resumed his civilian society of teaching, writing, and civil good. He won several distinguished accolades, including India's highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, and many others.
APJ Abdul Kalam was a renowned scientist and scientific advisor of India and is well-recognized for his position as former president of India. The primary source of income that also contributed to his net worth was his scientific career, the position of president, and as a writer. The net worth of APJ Abdul Kalam was expected to be around $1-5 million.
The per-year or annual income of APJ Abdul Kalam was $600,000 in 2005. More information about the same need to be reviewed.
The height of this former president of India from Tamil Nadu, India, was 5 ft 5 in (168 cm).
APJ Abdul Kalam's birth date was October 15, 1931, while his place of birth was Rameswaram in the Madras Presidency of British India, present-day Tamil Nadu, India. APJ Abdul Kalam passed away in Shillong, Meghalaya, India, on July 27, 2015. The 'Missile Man of India' passed away at the age of 83 years.
APJ Abdul Kalam was born to Jainulabiddin Marakayar, and Ashiamma Jainulabiddin in a low-income family. He has four siblings, three of whom were brothers and one his sister.
Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, Kasim Mohammed, Asim Zohra, and Mustafa Kamal were the sister and brothers of APJ Abdul Kalam. APJ Abdul Kalam's birth date was October 15, 1931, while his place of birth was Rameswaram in the Madras Presidency of British India, present-day Tamil Nadu, India. Kalam's father was a boat owner, and his mother was a housemaker.
Before the birth of Kalam, the family belonged to one of the wealthiest families in their community. By the '20s, the family faced a financial crisis, and APJ Abdul Kalam himself used to sell newspapers to fulfill daily needs. Eventually, with the construction of the Pamban Bridge towards the mainland in 1914, the enterprises faltered, and the family money and assets, except for the ancient mansion, were left by the wayside.
Kalam received mediocre grades in high school but was noted as an intelligent and diligent student with a great eagerness to understand. He devoted many hours to his academics, particularly mathematics. After graduating from Ramanathapuram's Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Kalam continued to Saint Joseph's College in Tiruchirappalli, which was then associated with the University of Madras, wherein he earned a bachelor's degree in physics in 1954.
In 1955, he came to Madras to pursue a degree in aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology. He came within a small margin of realizing his desire to become a fighter pilot after finishing ninth in qualifiers, with only eight vacancies in the IAF available. Throughout his Presidency rule, he lived in Rashtrapati Bhavan, Delhi.
As far as the marital status of APJ Abdul Kalam, he never married. As per a few sources, a student once questioned why he was not married? to which he said that he is not only not married but also a saint. He did not get time to get married. He was engrossed in his scientific research.
India's 11th president was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, an Indian aerospace scientist. While growing up in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, he studied physics and aeronautical engineering.
He worked as a scientist and scientific executive for the next four decades, principally at the 'Indian Space Research Organization' and the 'Defense Research and Development Organization.' Kalam had become a guest lecturer at the 'Indian Institute of Management Shillong', the 'Indian Institute Institute of Management Ahmedabad', and the 'Indian Institute of Management Indore' after retiring from administration, while was also an honorary member of the 'Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.' He has also written 25 books, including: 'Wings of Fire', 'Ignited Minds', and many others.
APJ Abdul Kalam was not only a scientist but also a philanthropist. Dr. Kalam gave his whole salary and assets to a charitable organization he formed called 'Providing Urban Amenities to Rural Areas' (PURA). His justification was that following his election as president of India, the government would look after him until the end of his life then 'why not put his money to greater use?'
APJ Abdul Kalam has won many accolades and honors throughout his career. A few are 'Bharat Ratna', 'Padma Bhushan', 'Padma Vibhushan', and was the recipient of seven honorary doctorates by 40 universities. He has also been acknowledged abroad, and his mission to bring revolutionization in technology was far more successful.
Delivering motivational lectures, playing the veena, listening to Indian classical music, and walking were some of the hobbies and interests of the 'Missile Man of India'.
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