About Benjamin Disraeli
Benjamin Disraeli was born on December 21, 1804, in London, England.
Benjamin Disraeli is one of the most famous people in British political history. He was one of the few who helped the nation's political revolution get off the ground.
His father was Isaac D'Israeli, and his mother was Maria Basevi. Disraeli made many unsuccessful attempts to enter the House of Commons, eventually gaining a seat in 1837. He later led his political party to victory, rising to the position of British Prime Minister.
Benjamin Disraeli has been the only Jewish person to serve as England's Prime Minister. In addition to being an incredible writer, he is well recognized for publishing many books that contain his political writings. Queen Victoria, with whom he had a close relationship, gave him the peerage title of Earl of Beaconsfield in 1876.
Disraeli made arrangements for the British to buy a sizable portion of the Egyptian Suez Canal Company. He worked at the Congress of Berlin in 1878, to secure peace in the Balkans with some favorable terms for Britain and unfavorable for Russia, their long-time foe, in response to Russian victories against the Ottomans. Disraeli became one of Europe's top leaders as a result of his diplomatic success over Russia.
Keep reading to learn more about the life and political career of Benjamin Disraeli.
Benjamin Disraeli's Net Worth, Earnings & Spending Habits
What was Benjamin Disraeli's net worth?
The total net worth of Benjamin Disraeli is not known.
How much did Benjamin Disraeli earn per year?
The annual income that Benjamin Disraeli received is not known.
Height, Age & Physical Attributes
How tall was Benjamin Disraeli?
Benjamin Disraeli was 5 ft 10 in (179 cm) tall.
How old was Benjamin Disraeli?
Benjamin Disraeli was born on December 21, 1804, and died on April 19, 1881, at the age of 76.
Childhood And Education
Benjamin Disraeli was born in London, England, on December 21, 1804. His parents were Isaac D'Israeli and Maria Basevi, and he was the second child and the eldest son in his family. He had four siblings, named Sarah, Naphtali, Ralph, and James.
In his early life, Disraeli attended a day school in Islington, from the time he was around six years old. Disraeli was enrolled as a boarder at St. Piran's School in Blackheath, run by Rev. John Potticary, about two years later. Disraeli was baptized at the age of 12, after his father renounced Judaism because of an issue at the synagogue of Bevis Marks.
Benjamin Disraeli received the chance to work with a company of attorneys in 1821 when he was just 17 years old. Disraeli reportedly did not find the job particularly interesting, but kept his employers happy by working hard.
Disraeli's father considered arranging for him to wed the company owner's daughter because he believed this employment would keep him in stable financial standing. However, Disraeli had long since had a desire to work in politics. Later, Disraeli acknowledged that working with the company was a useful experience.
Family, Romance, And Relationships
Who was Benjamin Disraeli's partner?
Benjamin married Mary Anne Wyndham Lewis in 1839.
Benjamin Disraeli reportedly had a strong relationship with Henrietta Sykes, a lady who was dating statesman Lord Lyndhurst, around 1834. Disraeli and Henrietta started dating. This open relationship received a lot of backlash and served as the basis for the 1837 book, 'Henrietta Temple'.
Career And Professional Highlights
Best Known For…
In 1831, Benjamin Disraeli made his debut in the competitive realm of British politics. He also attempted to run from Wycombe, close to Buckinghamshire. He ran twice from this location, in 1831 and then as an independent candidate for the government the very next year, in 1832, but lost both times.
Following several losses, Disraeli made the decision to join a political party in an effort to increase his prospects of winning. Disraeli's circumstances remained the same even when he ran as a Conservative party candidate in 1835 and once again lost the elections.
Finally, Benjamin Disraeli was successful in winning the 1837 government elections and together with fellow Conservative party candidate, Wyndham Lewis, was elected to the prestigious House of Commons. Later that year, he delivered a speech at the British parliament.
Although the Conservative party took control in 1841, Benjamin Disraeli was not given a ministerial position in Sir Robert Peel's administration. Disraeli, who was enraged, rebelled against the British leader and denounced the party's positions. After years of criticism, Peel was forced to resign in 1846.
Benjamin Disraeli ultimately succeeded in establishing himself as one of Britain's most powerful men in 1847, after winning an election as a member of parliament from Buckinghamshire. Disraeli served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Lord Derby's minority administration in 1852. Disraeli delivered the budget as part of his ministerial responsibilities, ensuring to include elements that would appeal to the working class and therefore, attract votes. The opposition aggressively opposed his budget proposals, partly in response to Disraeli's actions against Peel in 1846. The Lord Derby administration was ultimately overthrown in 1858 as a result of this.
Jewish community members were also permitted to take administrative positions by the British government in 1858–1859. Benjamin Disraeli's chances of becoming prime minister increased as a result.
Benjamin Disraeli was chosen to be Prime Minister of Britain in 1868 when Lord Derby retired, just before the national elections of that year, and as such, Disraeli's time as Prime Minister lasted just briefly. William Gladstone became the new Prime Minister after the Liberals beat the Conservatives in the election.
Benjamin Disraeli was elected as Prime Minister for a second time in 1874, after serving as an opposition member. Disraeli enacted a number of laws during his second term as Prime Minister, including The Climbing Boys Act, Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act, and The Public Health Act.
Benjamin Disraeli donated frequently to many social causes and often campaigned to raise awareness of social stigmas.
Benjamin Disraeli's work to showcase the resentment behind the repeal of Corn Laws was greatly praised by the media.
What awards did Benjamin Disraeli win?
Benjamin Disraeli received the title of Lord Beaconsfield from Queen Victoria in 1876. Disraeli joined the esteemed House of Lords after receiving this honor. At the same time, Disraeli continued to serve as Prime Minister of his country.
After Benjamin Disraeli's passing, a memorial was constructed in Westminster Abbey. Interestingly, Disraeli's political adversary, William Gladstone, recommended that this monument be built.
Other Interesting Benjamin Disraeli Facts And Trivia
- Benjamin Disraeli was the subject of the 1929 film, 'Disraeli', which was based on his life. Actor, George Arliss, performed the part of Disraeli. For his depiction of Benjamin Disraeli, George Arliss received an Academy Award.
- In his personal life, Benjamin Disraeli was reportedly the one who was closest to his elder sister out of all of his siblings. He even used to travel extensively on business with his sister's fiancé.
- Around the time Benjamin Disraeli's novel, 'Endymion', was released in 1880, he developed a terrible illness. Due to his gout and asthma, which kept him confined to his home, Benjamin's condition quickly got worse.
- Benjamin Disraeli passed away in 1881, after a long illness. The British public and political community members were profoundly shocked and grieved to learn of his passing.
- In addition to being a great politician, Disraeli had also established a reputation as a wonderful writer and a learned lord. Disraeli published 28 literary works, of which 20 are fiction and eight are non-fiction.
- 'Vivian Grey', 'Popanilla', 'The Young Duke', 'Contarini Fleming', 'Ixion in Heaven', 'The Wondrous Tale of Alroy', 'The Rise of Iskander', 'The Infernal Marriage', 'A Year at Hartlebury, or The Election', 'Henrietta Temple', 'Venetia', 'Coningsby, or the New Generation', 'Sybil, or The Two Nations', 'Tancred, or the New Crusade', 'Lothair', 'Endymion', and 'Falconet' are a few of Benjamin Disraeli's best-known fiction pieces. Through writings such as 'The Vindication of The English Constitution' and 'England and France, or A Cure of The Ministerial Gallomania', he has also shared his opinions on political power, social issues, and political philosophy.
- He pitched to John Murray to publish a newspaper he had created, called 'The Representatives'.
- Disraeli was pivotal to the creation of the Conservative party and served as the party leader and Prime Minister, for around 10 months in 1868 and from 1874-1880.
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