Ferdinand VII Birthday & Fun Facts | Kidadl

Ferdinand VII Birthday & Fun Facts

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Ferdinand VII Birthday Highlights

Birth Name
Place Of Birth
El Escorial, Madrid, Spain
239 years old
Birth Date
October 13 1784

Ferdinand VII Facts

Child Star?
The King of Spain
Education & Qualifications
Infanta María Isabel Luisa, Infanta María Luisa Fernanda
Charles IV of Spain, Maria Luisa of Parma
Carlos Maria Isidro, Carlos Francisci de Paula, Carlos Clemente, Felipe Francisco de Paula, Carlos Domingo, and Felepe Maria.

About Ferdinand VII of Spain 

Ferdinand VII of Spain, the King of Spain, took birth on October 14, 1784, and died on September 29, 1833.
He ruled from the beginning to the middle of the 19th century. In 1808, he resigned from the kingdom in Spain and was there from 1813 till 1833, his death. 
Ferdinand VII of Spain is known as el Rey Felon (the Felon King) to his detractors and to the people who supported him as el Deseado. He was the predecessor of Charles IV, and his successor was Joseph Bonaparte from March 19, 1808, to May 6, 1808. From December 11, 1813, to September 1833, his predecessor was Joseph Bonaparte, and his successor was Isabella II. His birth took place in the El Escorial palace, Spain, and he died in Madrid, Spain
Ferdinand VIII have six siblings - Carlos Maria Isidro, Carlos Francisci de Paula, Carlos Clemente, Felipe Francisco de Paula, Carlos Domingo, and Felepe Maria. 

Childhood And Education

Ferdinand VII of Spain was the eldest son of Maria Luisa of Parma and Charles IV of Spain. During his young years, el Rey occupied the place of an heir apparent, who was removed from everything in government by their Prime Minister and advisor, Manuel Godoy, and his parents. 
In 1805, there was a national discontent with the government leading to rebellion. Ferdinand was arrested in October 1807 for El Escorial Conspiracy complicity. In this situation, the rebels aimed at the French Emperor Napoleon for securing foreign powers. 
After discovering the conspiracy, he was handed over to his parents, Maria Luisa and Charles IV.  

Family and Relationship

The Spain king married four times, starting with the daughter of Marie Caroline of Austria and Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily from 1784-1806, or his first cousin. Because of her two miscarriages, she does not have any children with el Deseado. 
In 1816, he got married for the second time to Maria Isabel of Portugal from 1797-1818, his niece. She is the daughter of John VI of Portugal and Carlota Joaquina, his older sister. The King of Spain had two daughters with her, one of his daughters survived for only five months, and the second was stillborn. 
In Madrid, on October 20, 1819, he got married to the daughter of Caroline of Parma and Maximilian, Prince of Saxony, Princess Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony from 1803-1829. The King of Spain does not have any children with her. 
On May 27, 1829, the King of Spain married the daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his younger sister Maria Isabella of Spain. Her name was Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, and he was married to her from 1806-1878 and they had two daughters. Upon the death of the King, his older daughter succeeded him. 
The names of his two daughters are Infanta María Isabel Luisa, who was born on October 10, 1830, and Infanta María Luisa Fernanda, who took birth on January 30, 1832. 

Career And Professional Highlights

Best Known For…

Ferdinand VII is known for receiving the United Kingdom: Knight of the Garter on August 10, 1814, and Knight of St. Andrew on May 23, 1815. 
On June 3, 1814, he was honored with the Kingdom of Prussia: Knight of the Black Eagle and Austrian Empire: Grand Cross of St. Stephen in 1825. 
After a furor at Aranjuez, the then ruler, Charles IV, failed to fulfill his responsibilities in 1808 (March); Ferdinand asked for support from Napoleon. On May 6, 1808, he was taken under guard by Napoleon and, for six years, was kept at the Château de Valençay. 
On August 24, he proclaimed the King again, and negotiations led to the establishment of a Supreme Court Junta. After five years, Ferdinand was acknowledged on December 11, 1813. He signed the Treaty of Valençay to get back into power. Under him, Spain fought for independence and governed Spanish America. 

What awards did Ferdinand VII of Spain win?

On October 14, he received the Knight of the Golden Fleece and Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III. On August 31, 1811, he was honored with Founder and Grand Master of the Military Order of St. Ferdinand.
On March 24, 1815, Ferdinand received the title of Founder and Grand Master of the Order of Isabella the Catholic. On November 28, 1814, he got the Founder and Grand Master of the Military Order of St. Hermengild.
In 1814, he got French Empire: Grand Eagle of the Legion of Honour and Kingdom of France: Knight of the Holy Spirit.

Other Interesting Ferdinand VII of Spain Facts And Trivia

After the death of Ferdinand, Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, his wife had set the Salic Law aside. Otherwise, it would have made Don Carlos, his brother, the right heir to the throne instead of any female. 
After that, he was succeeded by Isabella II, his daughter, and Carlos said he was the legitimate King and fought for it. His wife went in support of the liberals, and on October 23, 1833, a degree of amnesty was issued. 
After that, liberals in exile came back again and dominated Spanish for decades. As a result, it resulted in Carlist Wars. 
A portrait of the King who ruled Spain was made, which got the name Francisco Goya.  
In the Mexican War of Independence, after establishing the Mexican empire, the Mexican Imperial Crown was offered to him. 
Also, during the Ominous Decade, Ferdinand saw the suppression of the opposition and the traditional university programs re-establishment and restoration of absolutism, both of the reactionary revolt and Liberal Party, which happened in Catalonia in 1827. 
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Kidadl Team
Written By
Kidadl Team

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