About Jack London
Jack London was an author, innovator, and journalist creating versatile literary works, making him one of the first internationally acclaimed and root authors creating works around what is now called the Science Fiction genre.
Jack London's life had been full of inconsistencies, but the will to write grew stronger with time and oncoming experiences. He was a part of the radical literary group, and his works reflected themes of socialism, eugenics, and workers' rights, inspired by the writings of Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, and Friedrich Nietzsche.
Born and raised in January 1876 in San Francisco, Jack London grew up to be one of the most renowned authors and part of the radical literary group. His life was full of inconsistent career paths, which fueled his experiences to write more vivid scripts. London was among the initial writers who earned a fortune from writing. He sailed to the South Pacific, went to Klondike Gold Rush, and also worked as a war correspondent depicting his changing inclination towards contrasting pursuits. Among a plethora of works penned by Jack London, 'The Iron Heel,' 'The Call of the Wild,' and 'The Heathen' are some of his critically acclaimed works.
Jack London or John Griffith Chaney was born to musician-teacher and spiritualist mother Flora Wellman and astrologer father, William Chaney. Newly born Jack was sent to Virginia (Jennie) Prentiss for wet nursing. Virginia was an African-American enslaved woman and Flora's neighbor who played a significant role in raising little Jack with great love and care. As Jack's mother Flora remarried, Jack and Prentiss's family moved around San Francisco with the London family before settling in Oakland. Jack's career faced a plummet at the age of 21 when he tried reaching out to his father and received devastating details of his parents' conflict. As a result, he left his unfinished degree at the University of California, Berkeley, and moved towards Klondike during the gold rush. Jack London died on November 22, 1916.
Jack London's Net Worth, Earnings & Spending Habits
What was Jack London's net worth?
Jack London was known to be one of the highest-earning writers of his time. However, his income was extensively used as his expenses were claimed to be more than his income. According to sources and archives, Jack London's net worth was estimated to be around $1.5-3 million at the time of his death on November 22, 1916.
How much did Jack London earn per year?
One of American readers' favorite, Jack London, enjoyed an equally appreciated amount for his works. Jack London's annual income, including his works and royalties, earned him around $75,000 annually. The amount included money earned from novels, magazine articles, short stories, essays, plays, poetry, etc.
Height, Age & Physical Attributes
How tall was Jack London?
American writer Jack London was around 5 ft. 11 in. (1.80 m.) tall.
How old was Jack London?
Mr. London was born on January 12, 1876, and according to it, the author was 40 years old at the time of his death, which was November 22, 1916.
Childhood And Education
Born on January 12, 1876, near the Third and Brannan Streets of San Fransisco, Jack London or John Griffith Chaney was born to a spiritualist mother, Flora Wellman, and an astrologer William Chaney, who abandoned Flora and Jack away quite early. The incident took a toll on Flora's health as she was unable to take care of baby Jack. Jack London's childhood days were mostly spent under the love and care of neighbor Virginia Prentiss. Virginia was an enslaved African-American woman who lived in the neighborhood household of the London's and helped Flora and even moved with her as she married a civil war veteran later in life.
Flora Wellman and John London moved to Oakland with Jack and Prentiss family. Jack was a self-educated man and belonged to a working-class family. He concluded his basic education in Oakland High School on return to California, where his love for writing and reading grew. His visits to Oakland Public Library strengthened his literary base. In 1889, London felt a lack of adventure in life and sought out on a sailing trip seeking money from his foster-mother Virginia. His sailing journey led him to become an oyster pirate and a member of the California Fish Patrol.
As he returned from his sail, Jack witnessed the financial unrest in Oakland and decided to become a tramp. His journey as a tramp ended with an immense need to continue his studies, and Jack continued pursuing his high school education. London applied for the University of California, Berkeley, where his career only lasted for a year as financial restrictions led him to leave his education in between.
Family, Romance And Relationships
Who was Jack London's partner?
San Francisco-based writer and poet Jack London did not date anyone but was married to Charmian London until his death in 1916. Jack London and Charmian Kittredge London got married in 1905 as the couple got introduced by Jack's aunt. Charmian was Jack London's second wife and five years senior to him in the business of writing.
Jack London had two daughters from his first marriage in California named Joan London and Becky London.
Career And Professional Highlights
Jack London initially took up sailing as a hobby and started working as an oyster pirate to meet his financial needs. The sloop he worked on suffered damages after a while, and Jack had to leave the sail to find a new job. Jack was hired by California Fish Patrol in 1893 and was assigned on a seals schooner. The journey ended with them reaching the shores of a distressed Oakland with labor unrest. After spending a few weeks as a tramp in Coxey's Army, Jack turned to writing to keep up with his monetary requirements.
London started writing novels, short stories, jokes, essays, and more, penning his experiences as a hobo and sailor. At the age of 21, Jack again went on an adventure to the Klondike gold rush in pursuit of ending his poverty, yet the visit paid no result as he came back and decided to continue writing to earn. Jack London returned to California in 1898 and worked on his novels to get published. Initially, London faced great distress in getting the right price for his work, but eventually, his works started gaining popularity and rewarded him with great monetary benefits.
Best Known For…
Jack London is best known for his anecdotal works. Having gone through a plethora of adventurous journeys and expeditions led London to create equally vivid depictions of the same. London has created works revolving around themes such as socialism, atheism, eugenics, animal activism, unionization, and workers' rights. He is known to be one of the key innovators in the genre of science fiction with his dystopian novel called 'The Iron Heel.' Mr. London has published both fiction and non-fiction works, with most of them attaining critical acclamation. Some of his greatest works include the 'Call of the Wild,' 'To Build a Fire,' 'The Sea Wolf,' and 'Martin Eden.'
The January-born writer Jack London was deeply involved with animal activism. After witnessing animal cruelty at circuses, London penned several writings related to the malpractice of animal abuse. The Jack London Club was created to raise awareness regarding animal abuse. The club led temporary cessation of using trained animals in Ringling-Barnum and Bailey in 1925.
What awards did Jack London win?
Being one of the most prolific writers, Jack London surprisingly did not win any major literary awards in his lifetime.
Jack London's Hobbies And Interests
As much as London enjoyed writing books, reading was equally fun for him. He spent hours in the public library reading his favorite authors, including Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Nietzsche.
Other Interesting Jack London Facts And Trivia
- Jack London died on his beauty ranch on November 22, 1916, due to a uremic disease and a possible stroke.
- Jack London was keen on creating a Beauty Ranch with sustainable agricultural practices derived from Asian culture. The idea was claimed to be way ahead of its time, as it followed to decline with unsuccessful efforts. Jack envisioned the magnificent estate to resemble close to 'Eden.'
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