John Dalton Birthday & Fun Facts | Kidadl

John Dalton Birthday & Fun Facts

Height, Age, Net Worth, Biography & More

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John Dalton Birthday Highlights

Birth Name
John Dalton
Place Of Birth
Eaglesfield, UK
Age
257 years old
Birth Date
September 5 1766

John Dalton Facts

Child Star?
no
Occupation
Chemist, Physicist
Education & Qualifications
Net Worth
$1,500,000
Parents
Deborah Greenup, Joseph Dalton
Siblings
Mary Dalton, Jonathan Dalton

About John Dalton 

In England, John Dalton worked as a meteorologist, chemist, and physicist.

On September 6, 1766, John Dalton was born in Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England, United Kingdom. He was born into a Quaker family.

He is identified for familiarizing the atomic theory with chemistry and for his research into color blindness, to recognize the condition as being hereditary, sometimes also referred to as Daltonism in his honor. He also developed approaches to calculating atomic weights and structures and framed the law of partial pressures.

John Dalton Net Worth, Earnings & Spending Habits

What was John Dalton’s net worth?

The net worth of John was estimated to be $ 1.5 million. He was one of the richest chemists of his time.

How much did John Dalton earn per year?

The amount of money Dalton earned per year is not known but his research and theories and laws are still helping many researchers to achieve in the field.

Height, Age & Physical Attributes

How tall was John Dalton?

Dalton stood at a height of 6 ft (182 cm) tall.

How old was John Dalton?

On September 6, 1766, Dalton was born and he died on July 27, 1844. At the time of Dalton's death, he was 77 years old. He lived in a chamber in the home of a published botanist Rev W. Johns.

Childhood And Education

John Dalton was a native of a Quaker family, who lived in Eaglesfield in Cumberland, England. His father was a handloom weaver and his mother was a homemaker. His father and Quaker John Fletcher, who founded a private village school in the nearby community of Pardshaw Hall, provided him with his early education. Being from a low-income family, John started working for rich local Quaker Elihu Robinson, a skilled meteorologist, and instrument manufacturer, at the age of 10.

In Kendal, Westmorland, around 45 mi (72 km) from his home, Dalton joined his brother Jonathan in operating a Quaker boarding school when he was 15 years old. At the age of 23, Dalton wants to study law or medicine, but his family did not inspire him and he was even banned from joining English universities for proper education. He received a significant deal of informal science instruction from the blind philosopher John Gough, who was brilliant in both the sciences and the arts.

Family, Romance, And Relationships

Who were John Dalton's parents and siblings?

John was the last-born child of Deborah Greenup and Joseph Dalton. His father was a handloom weaver and his mother was a homemaker.

John's parents had six children but only three of them survived. John had an elder brother, Jonathan Dalton, and an elder sister Mary Dalton.

Who was John Dalton’s partner?

John was never married and had children. He lived the modest Quaker lifestyle.

Career And Professional Highlights

Best Known For…

Dalton is best known for Dalton's atomic theory and Dalton's law.

In 1787, at age 21, Dalton started his meteorological diary in which he noted more than 200,000 observations, during 57 years. He revived George Hadley's theory of atmospheric circulation at that time. In 1793, at the age of 27, Dalton started working as a teacher of mathematics and natural philosophy at the 'Manchester Academy' in Manchester, an unorthodox academy. His first publication, Meteorological Observations, and Essays confined the result of numerous of his later discoveries but contempt for the originality of his treatment and very slight attention was given to them by other scholars. The second work of Dalton was named, ‘Elements of English Grammar (or A new system of grammatical instruction: for the use of schools and academies)’, which was published in 1801.

Soon after arriving in Manchester in 1794, Dalton was accepted into the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, or the 'Lit & Phil.' A few weeks later, he learned about color blindness through his first scientific paper, 'Extraordinary facts relating to the vision of colours,' in which he asserted that a lack of color perception was caused by the discoloration of the eyeball's liquid medium. He understood that color blindness must be inherited because both he and his brother had the problem. Although Dalton's theory was ultimately disproved, his early work on color vision impairment was acknowledged after his death. It is also referred to as Daltonism in his honor, because of his observations and writings.

The Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society appointed Dalton as a secretary in 1800, and the following year, in 1801, he delivered a significant series of lectures titled 'Experimental Essays' on the structure of mixed gases, the pressure of steam, and other vapors at various temperatures in space and in the air, on evaporation, and on the thermal increase of gases.

In 1805, next to the series of lectures, Dalton published numerous papers on alike themes. 'On the Absorption of Gases by Water and other Liquids' included his law of partial pressures, which is now called Dalton’s Law.

The most vital of all Dalton's investigations are apprehended to the atomic theory in chemistry. Although Dalton's atomic hypothesis bears a close relationship to his name, its origins remain obscure.

He believed that atoms are incredibly tiny particles that makeup elements, atoms of a certain element are similar in terms of size, mass, and other characteristics. In contrast, atoms of other elements are distinct in terms of size, mass, and other characteristics. Atoms of various elements mix in straightforward whole-number ratios to produce chemical compounds. He also explained these observations in Dalton's atomic theory. Although some of John Dalton's atomic hypotheses were incorrect, the idea itself served as the foundation for physical science. The first table of relative atomic weights Dalton published included six elements: hydrogen,  nitrogen, oxygen, carbon, sulphur, and phosphorus, with the weight of a hydrogen atom being assumed to be one. He continued to determine the atomic weights of compounds using their fraction arrangements, applying an arbitrary system to control what was probably the atomic structure of each molecule. Various of the first compounds registered in the New System of Chemical Philosophy correspond to the opinions on modern chemistry.

In 1810, he refused an invitation to become a member of the Royal Society. In 1822, he was elected as a member of the Royal Society without his knowledge.

Dalton's daily ritual of going to laboratory facilities and tutoring in Manchester was wrecked only by annual trips to the Lake District and infrequent visits to London. Young James Prescott Joule studied under Dalton in his later years and later wrote a book in 1843 on the nature of heat and its connection to mechanical systems.

How did John Dalton die?

John had his first minor stroke in 1837 and in 1838, he suffered from a second stroke, which left him with speech damage, although he was able to perform experiments. In May 1844 he had another stroke. On July 27, 1844, Dalton was found dead by his servant in Manchester after he had fallen off his bed.

John was given a public funeral with full honors. His body was kept in the Manchester Town Hall for four days and nearly 40,000 people paid their last admiration to him. The leaders of the city's most important governmental, business, and scientific organizations participated in the funeral procession. He was laid to rest in Manchester's Ardwick Cemetery.

What awards did John Dalton win?

Dalton was awarded the Royal Medal for his Atomic Theory in 1826, the fellowship of the Royal Society of London and the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and an honorary degree from the University of Oxford.

In 1833, he was chosen to be a foreign member of the French Academy. The American Academy of Arts also recognized him as a foreign member the next year, in 1834.

John Dalton’s Hobbies And Interests

Dalton once mentioned that his hobby is making observations about meteorological things and finding mathematical solutions.

Other Interesting John Dalton Facts And Trivia

  • Dalton was ranked on the list of most popular Chemists.
  • He thought that elements are made up of exceedingly tiny particles called 'atom.'
  • Dalton ranked in the elite list of famous celebrities born in the United Kingdom.
  • Dalton was living with color blindness and his brother also had the same condition.
  • He was even called the Father of Meteorology by English scientist, John Fredric Daniell.
  • He was honored by the leading scientific societies of Britain, France, and the United States of America.
  • He was the only scientist who got his statue in his lifetime.
  • He started teaching in Quaker school at the age of 12.
  • He was one of the richest chemists of his time.
  • Many of his original manuscripts were lost during World War II.
  • A lunar crater was named after John Dalton.
  • Dalton also discussed his experiments showing that atoms constantly mix in straightforward ratios in A New System of Chemical Philosophy.

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Kidadl Team
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