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Louis Stanislas Xavier was born on November 17, 1755, in Versailles.
The 19th-century King of France was widely known as 'The Desired.' He was the king for 10 years, from 1814-1824.
Louis XVIII spent over 20 years of his life in exile during the Hundred Days and the French Revolution. He was given the title of Count of Provence when he ascended the throne. He was the brother of Louis XVI. In 1972, the monarchy was abolished by the National Convention, and Louis XVI was exiled and then executed. Following this, Louis XVII died in prison. This led Louis XVIII to declare himself to be the King of France.
Louis XVIII was exiled several times in England, Russian as well as Prussian territory during the Napoleonic era and the French Revolution. When Napoleon lost in 1814, the French royalists and Louis XVIII believed that it was his rightful position to lead the kingdom. A similar coalition occurred when Napoleon escaped the prison in Elba and declared war upon France. However, Louis XVIII once again defeated Napolean and restored his position as the King of France.
Louis XVIII was born in the Palace of Versailles in November 1755. Louis XVIII was born to the Dauphin of France and Maria Josepha of Saxony. Louis XV was his grandfather. Six months after Louis XVIII's birth, he was named Louis Stanislas Xavier to follow the traditions of the Bourbon family. Before his baptism, he did not have a name.
This event also led him to become a knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit. He got the name Stanislas from his great-grandfather, who was King Stanislaus I of Poland. He was alive during Louis XVIII's baptism. His mother's family firmly believed Saint Francis Xavier to be their patron saint, owing to which Xavier was his last name.
When he was 18 years old, Louis XVIII was titled the Order of St. Lazarus' Grand Master!
Louis Stanislas Xavier got married to Maria Giuseppina of Savoy in April 1771. However, this ceremony took place in the form of proxy. The legitimate ceremony took place the following month at the Palace of Versailles.
His wife, Maria Giuseppina of Savoy, also known as Marie Joséphine, was the Princess of Savoy. She was the daughter of the Duke of Savoy, Victor Amadeus, and Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain.
The war of the Seventh Coalition, which was also known as the Hundred Days, marked the escape of Napoleon Bonaparte from prison after completing only 11 months of exile. He arrived in Paris in March 1815. One hundred and ten days since his arrival, Louis XVIII was suspended from his position as the king.
However, The Desired restored his position on July 8, 1815. This period mainly saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, which also included the Waterloo Campaign and the Neopolitan War.
Gaspard was the first one to use the term 'Hundred Days'; he was the prefect of Paris. His welcoming speech for Louis XVIII was on July 8, when the king returned back to his position.
There are no reported charitable contributions done by Louis XVIII. However, he has tremendously contributed by being the King of France and taking the monarchy forward.
Louis XVIII was honored several times. His biggest accomplishments include becoming the Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit and also becoming the Grand Master as well as the Knight of the Order of Saint Michael.
Like all might kings, Louis XVIII too loved hunting from time to time.
He was also intrigued by the concept of locks. With the help of several locksmiths around him, he could learn a lot of secrets and the inner workings of its mechanisms.
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