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Mikhail Gorbachev is a former politician and a visionary leader from Russia born on March 2, 1931, in Privol'noe, Russia.
Mikhail Gorbachev is believed to be the man behind ending the Cold War. He also helped bring the Berlin Wall down and reunify East and West Germany.
Gorbachev showed tremendous devotion and organizational abilities from an early age. His political aspirations became stronger with time, and he became the Communist Party's leading member.
In 1970, Gorbachev was one of the Soviet authorities' youngest provincial party chairmen. Gorbachev served as the eighth and the last president of the Soviet Union.
Gorbachev attempted to restructure the Soviet system, the party, and the economy during his presidency. His attempts to democratize the country's political issues and governance and its restructure led to problems in several constituent republics. This resulted in communism's demise and the Soviet Union's disintegration in 1991. Since it did not go as per his expectations, he resigned.
Mikhail Gorbachev is a former statesman from the Soviet Union. Mikhail has an estimated net worth of $5 million.
Mikhail Gorbachev was one of the greatest leaders of the Soviet Union. However, information regarding his annual income is not available.
Mikhail Gorbachev is 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) tall.
Mikhail Gorbachev is 91 years old as of 2022. He was born on March 2, 1931.
Mikhail Gorbachev was born as Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev in Privolnoye, Russia.
As a child, Mikhail Gorbachev had an innate ability to study and excelled at operating machinery. Gorbachev received a silver medal in high school graduation. He enrolled at Moscow State University in 1950. This is where he earned his law degree in 1955.
The Stavropol Institute of Agriculture awarded him his diploma in agriculture in 1967. This made him competent as an agricultural economist.
Mikail Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931 in Privol'noe, Russia. Mikail's father's name was Sergey Andreyevich Gorbachev and his mother's name was Maria Panteleyevna Gorbacheva. He was his parent's first child. His father worked as a harvester and served in World War II and his mother was a kolkhoz laborer. He has a sibling named Alexander Gorbachev, who is 17 years younger than him.
Gorbachev's parents had their second son, Alexander, in 1947, after Germany was conquered.
Mikail Gorbachev married Raisa Titarenko. He met her at Moscow State University in 1953. The couple was blessed with a daughter Irina Mikhailovna Virganskaya four years later.
Mikhail Gorbachev began his political career at an early age. He joined the Communist Party when he was still attending high school.
By 1970, Gorbachev had risen to the position of First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Kraikom. This made him the country's youngest provincial party boss. While working during his tenure he helped employees for improving their basic living conditions and assisted them in reorganizing communal farms. Mikhail also helped them enlarge their plots.
Gorbachev progressed through the ranks of the Communist Party Central Committee. In 1978, Mikhail was appointed as the Central Committee's Secretary for Agriculture. In 1979, he joined Politburo, the committee's governing body, and received its full membership in 1980.
The German chancellor came to Moscow in March 1985 to attend the burial of Konstantin Chernenko. He was the Soviet Communist Party's general secretary, whom Gorbachev would shortly succeed. This is where the two nations' historic friendship started, which would ultimately shape Europe's destiny.
Gorbachev was chosen general secretary of the Politburo in 1985. He wanted to shake things up at the party. He also aimed to transform the Soviet economy by promoting principles such as openness, restructuring, democracy, and rapid economic growth.
Gorbachev introduced several technical innovations to promote production and decrease waste in the Soviet government system to improve its efficiency. Mikhail established a market economy that was more focused on society and also launched a campaign against alcohol.
Aside from dealing with local difficulties, Gorbachev developed a relationship with the then-United States president Ronald Reagan to enhance Soviet relations with Western leaders. The relationship led to the end of the Cold War.
In 1987, Gorbachev and Reagan signed a pact requiring both nations to dismantle their stockpiles of intermediate-range nuclear-tipped missiles. He managed the evacuation of Soviet soldiers from Afghanistan from 1988-1989, after they had occupied the nation for nine years.
Gorbachev was elected Presidium of the Supreme Soviet's chairman in 1989.
The Congress of People's Duties appointed him as the Soviet Union's first president on March 15, 1990. During his tenure as Soviet President, Gorbachev emphasized the need for peaceful foreign relations. He was not only crucial in ending the Cold War but Mikhail was also instrumental in pushing for the collapse of the Berlin Wall and Germany's reunification.
Gorbachev also worked hard on domestic issues and economic changes. While facing the country's challenges, he was up against Boris Yeltsin, the leader of his opposition.
Gorbachev was kidnapped in a violent attempt in 1991. Despite being a member of the opposition, Boris Yeltsin stepped in and personally led the opposition to the coup, eventually resulting in Gorbachev's release.
Following his presidency, Gorbachev founded the Social Democratic Party of Russia. After three years, he founded the Union of Social Democrats, a new political party.
Aside from his political career, Gorbachev has also featured in the media. He not only appeared in movies and advertisements, but he also released a Russian ballad CD.
In October 1990, Mikail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He received it for initiating the Glasnost policy and significant support to the advancement of human development. In 1992, Mikhail was awarded the Harvey Prize.
To date, Mikail Gorbachev has won several accolades. He has received Russia's Order of the Badge of Honour, Order of Honour, Order of Lenin, Order of St. Andrew, and Order of October Revolution, among others.
Honorary doctorates have been bestowed on him by institutions across the world. His honors include the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award from the United States and the Indira Gandhi Prize from India.
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