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Simon Bolivar was a military leader and political thinker who played a huge role in the independence of Latin America.
He is known for his military strategies and how he ensured victory even when he was severely outnumbered. He is also known for his indomitable desire to free Latin America.
Simon Bolivar freed Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia from the Spanish empire. Born and raised in Caracas, he was an aristocrat and was well educated. He was equipped with the knowledge imparted by great thinkers such as Rousseau and Voltaire. He was also aware of the situation in North America and wanted South America to also gain the education which would allow its people to cope with the Spanish rule. Keep reading to learn more about Simon Bolivar, his career, and his childhood.
Simon Bolivar's net worth is not known. Being born into an aristocratic family, historians estimate that he had great riches as a young man. However, he lost much of his family fortune in trying to gain independence for places in Latin America such as Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador.
Simon Bolivar's annual income is not known.
Simon Bolivar's height is not known.
Simon Bolivar was born on July 24, 1783, and he passed away on December 17, 1830. He was 47 years old at the time of his death. He passed away shortly after being diagnosed with tuberculosis.
Simon Bolivar was born and raised in Venezuela. Since his parents passed away when he was little, he was brought up by his nurse. He was born into an aristocratic family and there were a number of family friends who raised him with care. At the same time, he received education from a well-known intellectual named Don Simon Rodriguez. Through Rodriguez, Simon Bolivar was introduced to many ideologies and theories - such as that of liberator. Hence, the foundation for his receiving the title of The Liberator was laid at a young age.
After Rodriguez had to flee, Simon Bolivar joined Milicias de Verguas which was a military academy. This paved the way for his fame as a military leader.
Simon Bolivar was married to Maria Rodriguez for some time in his life. However, after she passed away from yellow fever, Simon Bolivar vowed to never marry anyone again.
While he did keep his vow, he also had several romantic partners and was particularly close to one of them named Manuela Saenz.
Simon Bolivar traveled through the US on his way back to Venezuela in 1807. He discovered that the Spanish colonies were pushing for independence more and more. People in South America saw the chance to declare their independence from Spain after a victorious Napoleon removed the Spanish Royal family from positions of political authority. In 1810, Simon Bolivar was selected to travel to Britain on a mission to ask for military and financial support in their fight for independence. Bolivar had been deeply immersed in the independence movement.
When Bolivar arrived back in 1811, the nation was discussing whether to proclaim independence. He advocated it vehemently. The Venezuelan National Assembly proclaimed independence on July 5, 1811. The Spanish, on the other hand, had retaken power by 1812, so Bolivar fled to Cartagena in New Grenada. The ' Cartagena Manifesto', which Bolivar wrote in New Grenada, urged continued efforts for Venezuela to reclaim its independence from Spain.
He was given his first military command in 1813 when he was in charge of revolutionary forces that were battling the Spanish king's soldiers in Venezuela. He won several fights, and on August 6th, 1813, he entered Caracas as a liberator. He seized power and became the absolute ruler. This first republican restoration, however, did not last long since many of the populace preferred the familiar steadiness of the Spanish government due to their fears of the revolutionaries. It sparked a bloody civil war in which Spanish-led forces were able to drive Bolivar out of Venezuela, forcing him to flee once more to New Granada.
Bolivar demonstrated his aptitude for military mastery and forceful leadership. Bolivar led the troops to Bogota across soggy farms, rivers, and the Andes despite the severe rains. Some soldiers died from exposure as a result of the treacherous crossing. But the Spanish never anticipated an attack since it was so challenging to cross. He emerged victorious in the Battle of Boyaca on August 7, 1819, and as a result, he was able to victoriously enter Bogota. Despite being outnumbered, Bolivar won numerous such battles.
Bolivar struggled to balance the necessity to uphold order with republican values. While Bolivar appreciated some parts of democracy, he also believed that a nation could only be kept together by a strong leader. He included a lifetime presidency, two legislative assemblies, and limited suffrage elections in the Bolivian constitution, which is akin to the British constitutional idea of a hereditary king. Bolivar was adamantly anti-slavery, but due to how crucial slavery was to the Venezuelan economy, this was unpopular in Gran Colombia. A Federation of Latin American nations was one of Bolivar's aspirations; he also had a strong sense of internationalism.
Bolivar realized he was a divisive figure and that expecting to keep nations united was not practical after narrowly avoiding an assassination attempt in 1828.
Bolivar resigned as president in 1830, declining offers to hold the position indefinitely in favor of continuing to be a regular citizen. Before he could embark on his intended voyage to Europe, he fell ill with tuberculosis. Near the end of the year, he passed away after a difficult illness.
Simon Bolivar is known for providing impetus and inspiration for the success of the Independence of South America.
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