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Sophie Magdalena Scholl, born on May 9, 1921, was one of the greatest Anti-Nazi icons in the history of Germany.
Sophie Scholl and her brother, Hans Scholl, were members of the White Rose Movement, a resistance circle against the National Socialist Party that propagated non-violence. The political activist was one of the six children of Robert Scholl, a liberal politician, and Magdalena in Forchtenberg, Germany.
In her initial years, she supported Adolf Hitler and joined the League of German Girls, a.k.a. Band Of German Maidens, a Nazi wing's female organization. Soon, Sophie was disappointed and disillusioned with the Nazi ideology, and she changed her political views. She progressed in her education, and after schooling, Sophie Scholl entered the University of Munich, studying philosophy and biology. At the University, she heard about the White Rose organization, founded by her brother, Hans, and his friends, which questioned the agency of National Socialism. With the members of this organization, Sophie Scholl also distributed leaflets quoting slogans to inspire the public. When Sophie and her brother Hans distributed the flyers, they were spotted by the University's Janitor Jakob Schmid, who eventually turned them over to the Secret police, Gestapo. The Scholl siblings were investigated and interrogated by the Nazi authorities. Her brother Hans confessed. To save him and other White Rose members, Sophie claimed she was entirely responsible for the anti-Nazi acts. Justice Roland Freisler, an ardent Nazi supporter, investigated Sophie, Hans, and another White Rose member, Christoph Probst. The trio was found guilty and sentenced to death on February 22, 1943, in Stadelheim prison, Munich. With the last words, "The sun still shines", Sophie left this world when she was 22. With her brother and Christoph Probst, Sophie Scholl was buried in Friedhof am Perlacher Forst cemetery, near Stadelheim prison. Her courage, sacrifice, and desire for a free and democratic society made her an icon of anti-nazi after that.
Sophie Scholl's net worth was approximately between $1-1.5 million.
Sophie Scholl's yearly earnings were not revealed to the public.
Sophie Scholl's height was unspecified.
Sophie Scholl was born May 9, 1921, and was 22 years old when she was executed.
Sophie Magdalena Scholl was born on May 9, 1921 in Forchtenberg, Baden Wurttemberg, Weimar Republic. Sophie grew up in Lutheran Church. When she was seven, Sophia progressed in her education at school. After a few years of her birth, the Scholl family moved from Forchtenberg to Ludwigsburg. When Sophia was 10, the family again moved to Ulm.
In 1932, Sophie enrolled in a secondary school for girls in Ulm. Adolf Hitler rose to power the following year and took control of German society. Sophie, when aged 12, joined with her friends joined League of German Girls (Bund Deutscher Madel). However, Sophie was disappointed and disillusioned with the ideology of the Nazis, such as racism.
In 1940, when the Second World War was ongoing, Sophie Scholl graduated from secondary school. After graduating, she enrolled in German National Labor Service and went to Blumberg to teach in a Government nursery. Upon completing her required service in May 1942, Sophia enrolled at Munich University to study philosophy and biology. Her brother, Hans, was already a student at the University of Munich, where he was registered to pursue medicine. During the summer of that year, Sophie spent her days working in a war-critical metal plant in Ulm as an order. Parallelly, her father, Robert Scholl, was forced to serve a couple of months in prison as a punishment for calling Hitler the "Scourge of God".
At the University of Munich, Sophie's interests ranged from politics and art, literature, music, and theology to philosophy. It was there she met a significant number of philosophers, writers, and artists. According to her biographical details, she also met German writers Carl Muth and Theodor Haecker. All these shaped her political and intellectual ideologies.
Sophie Scholl's family was considerably large. Sophie was born to Robert Scholl and Magdalena. She was one of the six children of Robert and Magdalena. Her siblings were Inge Aicher-Scholl, Hans Scholl, Elisabeth Hartnagel-Scholl, Werner Scholl, and Thilde School. Sophie's romantic interest was Fritz Hartnagel, who married her sister, Elisabeth Hartnagel.
Sophie Scholl dathed Fritz Hartnagel.
Before joining the White Rose, Sophie Scholl worked as a kindergarten teacher at Frobel Institute in Ulm. Before enrolling in the University of Munich, she also went to Blumberg to teach in a nursery government school.
"We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace" - Sophie Scholl.
Sophie Scholl became an Anti-Nazi icon. Sophie fought against the Nazi regime not with violence and bloodshed but with anti-nazi pamphlets. In the early '40s, her brother, Hans, with his fellow mates, Alexander Schmorell, Christoph Probst, and Willi Graf established a White Rose Movement whose mission was to oppose the National socialism regime and whose vision was to bring freedom. Upon witnessing the White Rose Movement and its principles, Sophie Scholl volunteered in. The White Rose wrote slogans and quotations and printed them on leaflets. They distributed pamphlets to the public. Sophie also took this endeavor, and her chance of getting suspected by the Schutzstaffel was low.
Unfortunately, on February 18, 1943, the Gestapo (secret police) arrested Sophie Scholl and her brother Hans Scholl while distributing the University of Munich leaflets. Jakob Schmid, the Munich University janitor, turned the Scholls siblings into Secretary Albert Scheithammer and then to Counsel Ernst Haeffner. It was Ernst Kaeffner who handed over the Scholls to the Gestapo. Both of the Scholls were then investigated. Robert Mohr, the interrogation specialist, suspected Sophie was innocent. But her brother, Hans, confessed his involvement, and on hearing his confession, to save her brother Sophia claimed she was entirely responsible for the act.
With her brother, Hans, and White Rose member, Christoph Probst, Sophie stood a trail. On February 21, 1943, their trial occurred in the German Reich People's Court under Justice Roland Freisler. During the trial, Sophie faced Justice Freisler, who supported the National socialist party and said, "Someday, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don't dare express themselves as we did".
The Scholl siblings and Probst were found guilty. The following day, they were executed by guillotine in Stadelheim Prison in Munich. All three were buried in the Friedhof am Perlacher Forst Cementary near the Stadelhiem prison. Sophie Scholl's last words were:
"How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause? Such a fine sunny day and I have to go, but what does my death matter if, through us, thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?"
After the execution of Sophia and others, one of the White Rose pamphlets reached Great Britain via Scandinavia. RAF dropped thousands and thousands of this pamphlet's copies in 1943 in Germany to show them the futility of violence and war. That leaflet was named "The Manifesto Of The Students Of Munich".
In 2003, the Bavaria Government honored Sophie Scholl by erecting an effigy in the Walhalla Temple. The Geschwister Scholl Institut or Scholl Siblings Institute for Political Science is a Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich research institute. This research institute is named after Sophie and Hans. In 2021, the German Government released €20 ($20) coin on her 100th birthday anniversary.
Sophie Scholl liked dancing, playing piano, drawing, reading, and painting. While studying at the Munich university with her fellow mates, Sophia shared their interests, such as loving art, literature, music, philosophy, and political views. Besides, she took part in swimming, hiking, and skiing.
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