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Read these Tokyo facts to learn all about the Japanese capital.

Often more exciting, and more inspirational than the Olympics, the Paralympic Games are a showcase of athleticism and triumph over adversity. 

The Games hold an appealing message to families and children. No matter who you are, with practice and dedication you can accomplish anything.

The 16th Paralympic Games take place in Tokyo over August and September 2021. Here, we present a parents’ guide to watching this unique showcase of sport.

 

What Are The Paralympics?

The Paralympic Games take place every four years, shortly after the conclusion of the Olympics. These games are for competitors with some form of disability. Besides sporting competitions, the Paralympics features a torch relay and an opening and closing ceremony. Since 1988, the Paralympics have taken place in the same city or region (and same year) as the Olympics. 

When Was The First Paralympic Games?

The paralympics don’t stretch quite so far back as the modern Olympics, which were first held in 1896. However, they still have a rich history. 

The first large, organised competition for disabled athletes was held in 1948, to coincide with the London Olympics. The so-called International Wheelchair Games were set up by Dr Lutwig Guttmann and ran in the grounds of Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Buckinghamshire - a hospital well known for its spinal injury centre. The games returned to the venue in 1952 coinciding with the Helsinki Olympics. 

The first true Paralympics (though it wasn’t called this at the time) were held alongside the 1960 Olympics in Rome. They’ve since been held every four years. The first Winter Paralympics took place in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden in 1976.

Tokyo is the first city to host the Summer Paralympics twice: first in 1964, then again in 2021.

Did Disabled Athletes Ever Compete In The Olympics?

It doesn’t happen often, but both before and after formation of the modern Paralympics, a handful of disabled athletes have competed in the Olympic Games. The most notable was surely the German-American gymnast George Eyser. Despite competing with a wooden left leg, Eyser won six medals at the 1904 Games, including three golds. Several athletes have competed in both the Olympics and Paralympics, including Pál Szekeres, who won medals at both. Szekeres gained a bronze in fencing at the 1988 Olympics. He was subsequently injured in a road accident, but went on to win three golds and several bronze medals in wheelchair fencing at later Paralympics. 

When Do The Current Paralympics Start?

The 2020 Paralympics will forever carry a footnote. As we all know those games were delayed a whole year thanks to the pandemic. The rescheduled opening ceremony is on 24 August 2021 at 8pm local time (midday in the UK, early morning in the US). The Games will end on 5 September 2021.

Where Are The Paralympics Being Held?

As with the rescheduled 2020 Olympics, the Paralympic Games will be held in Tokyo. 

How Many Sports Can We Enjoy?

The Paralympic Games feature an incredible 540 events in 22 separate sports. The biggest discipline is athletics, with 168 events, followed by swimming, which has 146 events. Some 4,400 competitors are expected to participate, representing 135 nations. Bhutan and Guyana will make their debut appearances… so cheer them on!

Which Sports Are Unique To The Paralympics?

Many Paralympic sports mirror Olympic counterparts, though often with additional rules, classes or equipment to accommodate competitors of different physical abilities. Look out, though, for several events that do not feature in the Olympics. These include:

Boccia: A sport enjoyed by competitors with cerebral palsy, and played in wheelchairs. It has many similarities to boules, with competitors attempting to throw or roll balls to land as close to a jack as possible.

Club throw: An athletics field event that is the Paralympic equivalent of the hammer throw. Wooden clubs are thrown from a seated position. Competitors of different abilities compete together, with score adjustments. 

Goalball: This is a team sport played by athletes with severely imparied vision. Teams of three attempt to roll a ball into their opponent’s goal at the opposite end of the court. The ball contains a pair of bells to help competitors keep track of its position. 
Powerlifting: A variant of weightlifting, powerlifting is a test of upper body strength. Competitors lay down and must lift a heavy weight from their chest until their arms are straight vertical (a bench press). Powerlifting has never been part of the Olympics, but has featured in the Paralympics since 1984. 

Wheelchair rugby: Although it may sound like a straight analogue of the more familiar Olympic sport, wheelchair rugby runs to very different rules. It shares as many similarities with basketball and ice hockey as it does to rugby. The competition takes place in an indoor, wooden-floored court. Mixed-gender teams of four attempt to carry the (spherical) ball over their opponent’s goal line. Like rugby, physical contact is part of the game, and you’re sure to see plenty of collisions and tumbles.

How Can I Watch The Paralympics?

Most nations will carry significant coverage of the Paralympics. In the UK, Channel 4 and More 4 will show live coverage, with 24 hour action available online. In the USA, NBCUniversal has signed up to broadcast 1,200 hours of programming via ​​NBC, NBCSN and Olympic Channel: Home of Team USA. 

What About The Next Paralympics?

The Paralympic Games are planned out more than a decade in the future. And the good news is, because the 2020 Summer Games were delayed a year, it’s only three more years before they roll around again. Along with the Olympics, the 2024 Games will take place in Paris, the 2028 Games in Los Angeles, and the 2032 Games in Brisbane. As for the Winter Paralympics, the 2022 Games will be contested in Beijing, the 2026 Games in Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo, while the 2030 Games have yet to be announced.

See Also

Host your own Olympic Games

40 Olympic trivia questions (and answers)

Around the world in 16 sports

Olympic Games colouring pages

 

Author
Written By
Matt Brown

Although originally from the Midlands, and trained as a biochemist, Matt has somehow found himself writing about London for a living. He's a former editor and long-time contributor to Londonist.com and has written several books about the capital. He's also the father of two preschoolers.

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