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Columbus Day

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Where is Columbus Day celebrated?  

Columbus Day is known to be celebrated in the United States, Latin America, Spain, Argentina, Bahamas, Italy, Uruguay, and Belize.

Who is Columbus Day celebrated by?

A large number of Italian Americans celebrate Columbus Day.

When did Columbus Day first start?

Columbus Day was initially celebrated in 1792 on October 12 by Italian Americans to commemorate Christopher Columbus's voyage in 1892, and the persecution of eleven Italian immigrants in New Orleans, the largest mass lynching in American history.

Who started Columbus Day?

The New York Society of Tammany originally conceived Columbus Day to honor the 300th anniversary of the first voyage of Columbus.

Columbus Day is referred to as Fiesta National or Dia de la Hispanidad in Spain.

History And Timeline

Columbus Day was formally announced as a federal holiday on the second Monday of October to commemorate the Italian-American heritage. Since 1970, many alternatives to this public holiday have been proposed, like Indigenous Peoples' Day. Below is a list of timeline facts that happened on this day.


Columbus Discovers America

Christopher Columbus sailed to find a new alternate route from Europe to Asia and found a new land: America.


The First Celebration

The first recorded celebration of Columbus Day was organized by the Columbian Order on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Columbus's landing.


First Official Columbus Day

To commemorate the 400th anniversary of Columbus's arrival, President Benjamin Harrison called for the observance of Columbus Day in all the localities. Since then, community festivities, school programs, and plays have been organized all over the country.


Columbus Day Officially Declared

In 1934, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt introduced Columbus Day as a national holiday. This means that all federal offices are granted a day off from work, but not all states observe this as a public holiday.


A Designated Federal Holiday

Since 1971, Columbus Day has been celebrated on the second Monday of every October. In many parts of the country, it was observed as an official public holiday.

Traditions And Customs

People attend parades and street fairs organized by locals. Many travel and treasure activities are conducted for kids.

Ways To Celebrate Columbus Day

In many locations across the country, Americans celebrate the day by holding processions, depicting the ships of Columbus, and hosting public ceremonies. Politicians, poets, teachers, and preachers use this day to teach the ideals of patriotism, the celebration of social progress, and citizenship boundaries.

Columbus Day Facts And Stats

  • The celebration of Columbus Day occurs on the second Monday of October of every year.
  • Columbus Day was first celebrated a holiday on October 12, 1792, in the United States.
  • Columbus Day was first officially recognized as a legal holiday by Colorado state in 1907.
  • Many states celebrated Columbus Day on October 12th until it was declared a federal holiday in 1971.
  • Christopher Columbus's Italian name was Cristoforo Colombo.
  • Until 1937, Columbus Day was not a legal holiday.
  • Celebrating Columbus Day as Indigenous Peoples' Day was first proposed in the year 1977.
  • Many Latin American nations observe Columbus Day as the Day of the Race (Dìa de la Raza).
  • In 2002, under President Hugo Chávez, Venezuela celebrated Columbus Day as the Day of Indigenous Resistance (Día de la Resistencia Indígena) to honor the Indigenous peoples' opposition to European settlement. 
  • The Hawaiian Islands celebrate Columbus Day as Discoverers' Day in honor of the Polynesian discoverers.
  • Columbus Day is among the least observed legal holidays in recent decades. Many businesses and offices remain open in several states and cities because of protests from native peoples against the holiday.

FAQs About Columbus Day

What is Columbus Day celebrated for?

Columbus Day is celebrated as a way to honor the discovery of the New World, i.e., the Americas, by Italian explorer Christopher Columbus on October 12, 1492.

Why did we stop celebrating Columbus Day?

Native people have displayed resistance to celebrating Columbus Day because they believe Columbus's voyage initiated European settlement and oppression of native communities.

Did Indigenous Peoples' Day replace Columbus Day?

Americans celebrate Indigenous Peoples' Day as an alternative to Columbus Day because they viewed Columbus as a colonizer rather than a discoverer whose arrival led to the discrimination of Indigenous people.

Was it still called Columbus Day in 2021?

Columbus Day was celebrated on Monday, October 11, 2021. President Biden also proclaimed it as Indigenous Peoples' Day to honor the contributions of Native Americans to American society.

Who devised Columbus Day?

President Benjamin Harrison announced the celebration of the first national Columbus Day in the year 1892, to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the finding of America.

How did explorers promote Columbus Day?

Many Italian explorers followed Columbus, thus creating a bridge between the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. It enabled the exchange of European powers, cultures, ideas, animals, plants (and, yes, diseases) known as the Columbian Exchange.

What are some benefits of celebrating Columbus Day?

Shoppers get flash sales on various goods and huge discounts during the national holiday by retailers.

What does the government say about Columbus Day?

Columbus Day honors the spirit of a great explorer and marks the beginning of history in the New World. This legal holiday reflects the contributions of Italian Americans and the dignity and strength of tribal nations throughout the generations.

Hashtags To Use On Social Media


When Is This Day Celebrated

Date Day
October 12, 2020 Monday
October 11, 2021 Monday
October 10, 2022 Monday
October 09, 2023 Monday
October 14, 2024 Monday

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