Please be aware of government guidelines before setting off.Government Guidelines
Trafalgar Square has been a place for Londoners and visitors from all across the world to meet and congregate for centuries, and today it is no different. This beautiful plaza is seen by many as the centre of the entire city and is connected to so many great things to see and do.
While the area had already been important for many generations of Londoners, the Trafalgar Square we know today was designed in the 1820's by Georgian architect John Nash, the man who was also responsible for Buckingham Palace and Marble Arch.
The Square was named in honour of the Battle of Trafalgar, which took place in 1805 and saw a British naval victory against the forces of France and Spain. Admiral Horatio Nelson led the British navy in that battle but died due to the wounds he suffered. A statue was thus created in his memory to stand in Trafalgar Square to celebrate his sacrifice. Today, Nelson’s Column is the most famous of the many statues that can be found in the Square and features a statue of Nelson atop a 50-metre plinth.
Nelson’s Column isn’t the only statue at Trafalgar Square. At the bottom of the Column are the four famous Trafalgar Square lions that guard the Square. There are also many statues and sculptures dedicated to British military leaders of the last few hundred years.
While most of the plinths in the Square have permanent statues, the designers of the “fourth plinth” ran out of money before they could complete it. For a long time, the plinth stood empty. However, in 1998, it was decided that it would be a place for public art. Since then, numerous British artists have had the opportunity to display their work for some time on the plinth. The artwork changes every couple of years, and it’s a great place to visit.
Trafalgar Square hosts lots of fantastic events throughout the year. Every Christmas, crowds flock to the Square to see the famous Trafalgar Square Christmas tree. Since 1947, the tree has been donated each year by Norway, as a thank you to the British people for fighting the Nazis in World War II. The tree is usually over 20 metres tall and stands in the Square from early December to 6 January.
Other Trafalgar Square events include an alternative New Year’s celebration to the one at the London Eye and parades for events such as Pride, sports celebrations, and St. Patrick’s Day. If there’s a major celebration, you can bet there’ll be people congregating in Trafalgar Square to enjoy the festivities together.
While Trafalgar Square is a major attraction in its own right, it’s also a great stepping stone to other amazing venues that London has to offer. Within the Square, you’ll find the brilliant National Gallery, which houses some of the most significant artworks by the most celebrated European artists of the past few hundred years.
The Square's central location means that it is easy to fit in two venues into one day. Nearby attractions include Covent Garden, Piccadilly Circus, the British Museum, and the Southbank Centre. Trafalgar Square’s brilliant transport links make it simple to jump on a tube or a bus and go almost anywhere in the city.
Please follow the latest government guidelines if travelling by public transport.Government Guidelines