Recent searches (0)
At Kidadl we pride ourselves on offering families original ideas to make the most of time spent together at home or out and about, wherever you are in the world. We strive to recommend the very best things that are suggested by our community and are things we would do ourselves - our aim is to be the trusted friend to parents.
We try our very best, but cannot guarantee perfection. We will always aim to give you accurate information at the date of publication - however, information does change, so it’s important you do your own research, double-check and make the decision that is right for your family.
Kidadl provides inspiration to entertain and educate your children. We recognise that not all activities and ideas are appropriate and suitable for all children and families or in all circumstances. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide. We recommend that these ideas are used as inspiration, that ideas are undertaken with appropriate adult supervision, and that each adult uses their own discretion and knowledge of their children to consider the safety and suitability.
Kidadl cannot accept liability for the execution of these ideas, and parental supervision is advised at all times, as safety is paramount. Anyone using the information provided by Kidadl does so at their own risk and we can not accept liability if things go wrong.
Rainbow shiner is the common name of the fish known by its scientific name Notropois chrosomus. 'Notropis' means 'keeled back' and 'chrosomus' means 'colored body', so this name describes the rainbow shiner well!
A rainbow shiner prefers the upper and middle levels of the water, but they can also be found swimming and feeding in the lower and middle levels. It gets along well with other tiny, peaceful fish and they are not aggressive. They can be comfortably housed in a community aquarium due to their extra small size and their calm nature. Like most fish, they eat some shrimp, so should not be kept in an aquarium alongside shrimps.
Tiny, calm headwater streams with gravelly and sandy areas and pools are common habitats for this species. Rainbow shiners spawn from April until July and they spawn sometimes over gravelly nests built by other fish species. Males stand out in spawning aggregations for their reddish-purple backs and pectoral fins of neon blue color. The rainbow shiner, like other Notropis, is most likely a drift feeder, feeding on aquatic insects and plant material. Surprisingly, despite its striking presence, this fish is very shy. The rainbow shiner is a small cyprinid species native to the southeast of the United States. This species was once native to parts of northern Alabama, but populations have recently spread further. They have been widely distributed all through North America, particularly, Coosa, Cahaba, Alabama, and the Black Warrior River systems in northwestern Georgia, Alabama, and southeastern Tennessee, in the USA.
Keep reading to learn all about the rainbow shiner, from rainbow shiner pond facts to facts about the ideal rainbow shiner aquarium or rainbow shiner tank size. Find out about other fish with our guides to the rainbow cichlid and ladyfish.
The rainbow shiner (Notropis chrosomus) is a peaceful, colorful species of fish native to parts of the USA. There are several rainbow shiner varieties, they can survive in both open sea or aquariums.
The rainbow shiner (Notropis chrosomus) is a species of fish in the Actinopterygii class.
Unfortunately, their exact population size is unknown. Although, the rainbow shiner fish trend is stable and is currently not a concern.
They can live in springs, small clean rivers, and streams where the water is calm.
The rainbow shiner (Notropis chrosomus) lives in freshwater habitats like small and calm water springs and streams. These flow over gravelly, sandy riffles and pools.
Rainbow shiners are best kept in schools of six to eight or more, although larger schools of 10+ are ideal.
The rainbow shiner species' life span can range between three and five years.
During their spawning or breeding season, the color of the male rainbow shiner changes into vibrant colors to lure females. They display their vibrant colors to captivate the attention of the female rainbow shiner by dancing, nudging, and swimming alongside them. At one year of age, they become sexually mature and like other fish species, the rainbow shiner lays eggs.
Their conservation status is classified as Least Concern.
These peaceful fish have elongated bodies and males are slimmer than female rainbow shiners. Their iridescence varies with different levels of reflected light, and their patterning is variable. In males, this sparkling extends somewhat to the posterior portions of the fish. The dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins typically have a faint mid-lateral red blotch on them. In some cases, there can also be a powder blue coloration within the fins. In some, this powder blue coloration extends into the caudal fins. The fins of the female are marked with red or orange blotches.
They are very cute, mostly because of their iridescent vibrant color during the breeding season.
Rainbow shiners communicate with their species by nudging and swimming actively alongside them.
The average rainbow shiner size is 3.1 in (8cm), which makes this fish bigger than a mature female Paedocypris!
Unfortunately, there are no records that tell us exactly how fast they swim but one thing is for sure, they are active swimmers.
The largest female collected weighs about 0.012 lb (5.5 g) and the largest male collected weighed 0.008 lb (3.7 g).
There are no different names for male and female rainbow shiners. However, they do look different; males have slimmer bodies compared to females and they differ in color during the breeding season. Males display vibrant magenta or reddish-purple hues with blue fins and the female's fins are marked with red or orange blotches.
A baby American rainbow shiner is called a fry.
Their diet includes flake food, pellets, live bloodworms, and live brine shrimp. Other foods that they feast on include frozen daphnia and mosquito larvae. They can be fed liquid fry food, micro worms, and Artemia nauplii as part of their diet too.
No, they are not aggressive at all.
Rainbow shiner (Notropis chrosomus) fish have increased energy needs during the breeding season for gamete development and sexual reproduction. Therefore, they change their diet to increase their food intake in late winter and early spring before spawning.
In the wild they spawn in the early summer months of May or June, that is when the water temperature is around 60.8-77 F (16-25 C) or when the water temperature starts to rise.
During spawning, male rainbow shiners become territorial and defend their nests.
One great rainbow shiner fact is that they are egg scatterers. When spawning or breeding, it is best to split the parents into a separate tank since they tend to consume their eggs.
Their eggs hatch in around a week, depending on the temperature. Fry remain at the bottom after hatching to finish consuming their yolk sac, the fry does not eat anything else during this period. Later, the fry will eat vinegar eels, micro worms, and rotifers until they are free to swim. They will then consume newly hatched brine shrimp as they grow larger. When kept in aquariums, they can gradually tolerate larger dry fish foods in granule and flake form.
When you see them in their native habitat range surrounded by plants they will be showing as much color as they can, but once you catch them, their color fades.
Thanks to its iridescent vibrant display of colors that happens during spawning or breeding.
Rainbow shiner care can be a little complicated. The recommended tank size is at least 20 gallons and good filtration is necessary. Keep the water temperature at 50-72 F (10-22 C) with a pH level of 6.0 -8.0.
In the wild, this fish feeds on live and small invertebrates, and when in the aquarium, it will eat frozen or pellet flake fish food.
They do not damage plants and need a steady stream of water and plenty of room to swim. Driftwood and water-worn rocks can be used to decorate the tank, along with plants. Sand or small gravel may be used as the substrate.
The Notropis chrosomus (rainbow shiner) is among North America's most colorful fish. The species displays vibrant colors coupled with a peaceful demeanor that can captivate any hobbyist's attention!
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these cichlid facts and convict cichlid facts for kids.
You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable rainbow shiner coloring pages.
Read The Disclaimer
Kidadl is independent and to make our service free to you the reader we are supported by advertising.
We hope you love our recommendations for products and services! What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. This does not influence our choices. Please note: prices are correct and items are available at the time the article was published.
Kidadl has a number of affiliate partners that we work with including Amazon. Please note that Kidadl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.
We also link to other websites, but are not responsible for their content.
Remember that you can always manage your preferences or unsubscribe through the link at the foot of each newsletter.