Zebu Interesting Facts
What type of animal is a zebu?
Zebu or Bos taurus indicus (Genus: Bos) are a group of domesticated cattle that are categorized by their anatomy, such as by the hump on their shoulders. This species of domesticated cattle is useful to humankind in a number of ways such as dairy cattle, riding animals, beef cattle, in agriculture for ploughing, as well as in providing products like dung (or fuel and fertilizer) and hides. It is one of the oldest cattle breeds known to humans.
What class of animal does a zebu belong to?
Zebu cattle belongs to class Mammalia; that is a group of creatures that are categorised by the presence of mammary glands, by which they nourish their offspring. Beside this, Mammalians have the ability to directly give birth to their young one.
How many zebus are there in the world?
Though no exact figures are allotted to the total number of zebu cattle across the world , their population is estimated to be over 200 million. Since a number of valuable and useful species result from crossover with zebu cattle breeds, their population can safely be said to be steady in numbers.
Where does a zebu live?
The Ancestors of Bos taurus indicus are found to be domesticated natives of Southern Asia. The cattle zebu is known to be popularly distributed across Indian Soils. Later these organisms were located along the geographical terrains of North and South America, Africa, parts of Europe and the Middle East. A number of species were designed by crossbreeding zebu with several local breeds.
What is a zebu's habitat?
The habitat of these animals ranges from tropical suburbs to terrestrial biomes such as open grasslands, scrub forest, plains. The habitat of zebu is particularly influenced by the availability of food. These organisms can also be located at agricultural sites.
Who do zebus live with?
Zebu constitute a family of social cattles. These animals tend to exist in herds. Despite their size and structure, they are categorised under domestic cattle; that is they are trained to work on command and can be controlled with the right assistance. In their existing herds these animals form strong bonds, protecting their own kinds and the young ones. The male members of the species are known to clash only for the task of establishing dominance (particularly for mating). However under threatening circumstances, they may become defensive and attack.
How long does a zebu live?
The average lifespan of life expectancy of Bos taurus indicus is about 20 years. This species is found in India, Africa, and Brazil as a work animal.
How do they reproduce?
Zebu is a herd animal; that is, these groups of animals flock together in groups. The mating procedure in these cattle is polygynous (one male breed with numerous females). The reproductive cycle in zebus is a year-round process, however, their disposition is particularly high during the spring season. The reproductive cycles in these organisms begin with the establishment of dominance by the male member of the respective herds. This bull after proving its leadership earns the exclusive rights to mate with the females of the group. During mating, the bull penetrates the female from the rear for insemination. Following fertilization and after an approximate gestation of about nine months, the female gives rise to a single calf. The young infant is highly dependent on its mother, despite attaining the ability to stand and walk, the cow, for a period of about six months, nurses its offspring while other members of the herd protect and train the calf.
What is their conservation status?
With more than 200 million zebus distributed widely across the geographical regions of earth, these organisms in terms of Conservation Status are categorized under least concerned species. Therefore it can be safe to say that the zebu family are facing no major threat to their population.
Zebu Fun Facts
What do zebus look like?
Characterized by sturdy anatomy, Bos taurus indicus or zebu fall under the category of domestic cattle. Particularly designed for heavy labor, the weight of cattle belonging to zebu breed is quite high; the maximum weight reaching as much as 3,500 lb with a length of about 84 in. The body of these muscular animals is covered with short hair, which facilitates the adaptation to warm weather. Prominently recognized by a large hump, huge horns, and drooping ears, zebu are found in a number of shades varying from gray (with a tinge of black here and there) to vivid tones of brown, reddish-brown, white and red. The phenotypic traits of these domestic cattle includes drooping ears, a pair of hollow horns, and loose skin also called dewlaps. This loose skin of the zebus if interesting to look at. The dentition of these cattle show the presence of a thick layer in the buccal cavity called dental pads. They lack upper incisors and their jaw is adapted to process circular grinding motion, facilitating the task of crushing coarse vegetation.
How cute are they?
With massive built and Brawny appearance, the Bos taurus indicus species might now behold a cute profile but these animals definitely project a robust and laborious personage.
How do they communicate?
Particularly designed for labor the organisms under zebu breed are quite responsive. These cattle use an array of senses (such as touch, cellular receptions, visual cues, sound) and chemical receptors in their body to communicate, perceive and adjust in the given environment.
How big is a zebu?
The zebu bull is a family of massive animals, the average range observed in the length of these cattle varies from about 84 in (as found in Sibi Bhagnari, one of the largest breeds) to 35-42 in (as found in miniature zebu.)
How fast can a zebu run?
Zebu are not particularly an athletic group of animal species (their immense weight and built prove to be a major deterring factor) However under adverse circumstances, such as any immediate threat, Bos taurus indicus are known to run with a speed of about 25 mph.
How much does a zebu weigh?
The average weight of zebu ranges between 947-2500 lb . One of the largest breeds of zebu that is, Sibi bhagnari, weighs as much as 2,400-3,500 lb. While miniature zebu, the smallest member of their family, is about 299-599 lb.
What are their male and female names of the species?
The males are commonly referred to as bulls, however they may also be referred to as male zebu or male Bos taurus indicus. While the females of these species are called heifers (before breeding) and following the birth of its first infant, the females are referred to as cows.
What would you call a baby zebu?
The young one of zebu breed are commonly known as a calf, however they may also be referred to as infants or juvenile.
What do they eat?
Zebu or Bos taurus indicus are herbivorous. Zebu are also categorized as ruminant animals, because of their ability to dissolve and digest cellulose. This breed feeds on food like grasses, roots, clovers, tubers, stems, flowers, other plant parts and products. To support its hefty build these organisms hold the capacity to intake a maximum of around 150 pounds of food a day (which varies according to their body- mass). Grazing their fodder for as long as eight hours, they utilize the remaining time resting and chewing cud.
Are they aggressive?
Though not outright aggressive and hostile, these groups of domestic cattle can be belligerent under circumstances involving claiming and retaining territory, as well as during breeding procedures. It is astute to avoid complicated situations with these giant guys, particularly in the light of their massive size and well-endowed horns (especially if you are not a professional farmer or herder and thus are not practiced enough to handle these animals).
Would they make a good pet?
Zebu are highly beneficial to mankind. They provide a number of benefits. Additionally a number of members of this family, For instance, the American Brahman cattle is known to make great companion animals.
Kidadl Advisory: All pets should only be bought from a reputable source. It is recommended that as a potential pet owner you carry out your own research prior to deciding on your pet of choice. Being a pet owner is very rewarding but it also involves commitment, time and money. Ensure that your pet choice complies with the legislation in your state and/or country. You must never take animals from the wild or disturb their habitat. Please check that the pet you are considering buying is not an endangered species, or listed on the CITES list, and has not been taken from the wild for the pet trade.
Did you know...
Dating back to as long as 8000 years ago, zebu’s first evolved from the aurochs species (now extinct), the cattle of the wilderness.
Zebu was first instilled in the soils of United States in the 19th century. Charbray and Brangus were amongst the breeds that were introduced by crossbreeding the zebu species in the terrains of America.
Bos taurus indicus species are known to be highly resistant to disease causing microorganisms such as viruses. This ability adds to the huge popularity of these cattle as domestic animals.
Presently as many as 70 different breeds of this species are recognized and recorded.
The appearance is distinguished by a large hump on the back and loose skin hanging around the neck.
How are zebu adapted to hot climates?
The Bos taurus indicus species are genetically adapted to the confer thermotolerance and this is due to a number of reasons.
Due to low metabolism, the cellular heat produced in the body of cattle belonging to the zebu breed is low (which is in variation to that of European cattle).
Unlike the European cattle family, the genetic combination of zebu equip their cells and tissue to hold low resistance to heat flow. Therefore the heat transfers from the basal body to the skin is low in comparison to heat loss from the body to the outside, all thanks to larger sweat glands in Bos taurus indicus.
The short hair coat of zebu species provides a beneficial channel. It facilitates the conductive as well as convective heat loss. Additionally the absorption of the scorching solar radiations are reduced.
What are zebu cows used for in India?
India is a land of many beliefs. Though the history of ancient India holds numerous accounts of cattle sacrifice, a number of animals do serve as a source of food, however there is evidence in reverent and sacred texts such as Rig Veda, where milk is synonymous to being indomitable and indestructible. Therefore the milk producing cows are sacred living organisms. The slaughter of cows and their varying species are prohibited in India, owing to their sacred foundations. Therefore, zebu, falling under this same category, are used in India for milk, its products and as draft animals, pulling heavy loads or for plowing the soil. The dung of these animals is a good source of fertilizer and fuel.
You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one on our zebu coloring pages.