23 Chinese Elm Tree Facts: Here's All You Need To Know About! | Kidadl


23 Chinese Elm Tree Facts: Here's All You Need To Know About!

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The Chinese elm is a small, deciduous tree, typically growing to between 15-20 ft (4.5-6.09 m).

It is a fast-growing tree that is known for its beautiful foliage. This tree is native to China but is now grown in many different parts of the world.

It is known by many different names. You can also read about its Chinese name. Ulmus parvifolia is a very common tree, and they are fairly easy to maintain. You will surely find at least one in the hardiness zone in America. However, they can be a bit hard to grow, so you'll need to know how to take care of them. You can learn more about Chinese elm trees from this article.

Do you know what Ulmus Parvifolia is? If you do, you probably know it is the most popular species of tree in the US. Do you know why it is so popular? Read on to find out some amazing Chinese elm tree facts.

Classification Of Chinese Elm Trees

Elm trees are characterized by their 'elm-like' leaves (hence, the name). They grow on well-drained soil and require regular pruning.

  • This genus has 35 different species. These varieties range from ornamental trees that serve as attractive shade specimens to forest trees that can achieve incredible heights.
  • These species are typically native to regions within the temperate zones and are cultivated for their attractive foliage and incredible height.
  • The extensive trunks of these trees also make them popular growths for cultivation because they produce particularly tough and sturdy elmwood.
  • The Chinese elm is much like a beloved shade tree in the United States, especially around Arizona.
  • They are also known as Lacebark elm.

Characteristics Of Chinese Elm Trees

The Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia) is versatile and hardy. It can survive in USDA hardiness zones five through 10, thriving in most environments given the correct amount of water. However, it is important to note that it should not be confused with the Siberian elm tree (Ulmus pumila). The Siberian elm has a similar appearance to the Chinese elm with a generally broad oval shape, similar bark, and rich fall color, but Chinese elm leaves are dark green on top and pale underneath and the tree does not have tan-spotted bark. These particular characteristics aside, this tree tends to grow quickly and turn out weak branches at the ends of its branches. Pests and diseases easily infect this type of elm since it is so popular as a street tree.

  • Chinese elms are a medium-tall group of trees, with an approximate height of 70 ft (21.3 m).
  • The graceful branches, spreading like a crown and called weeping branches, have clusters of leaves that emerge as green in the spring and change to light yellow during fall.
  • They have a striking bark with varicolored green, gray and orange exterior bark plates. The reddish-orange color can be seen on the inner bark.
  • They are highly drought tolerant and bloom in late summer.
  • The leaves turn shades of red and purple in the fall and the Chinese elm fruit hangs flat and papery, in dense clusters.
  • There are four different cultivars of this tree that have been named Hokkaido, True Green, Drake, and Frosty.
The Chinese elm tree is a beautiful tree. Know more about its characteristics, lifespan, and other requirements.

Lifespan And Growth Rate Of Chinese Elm Trees

Chinese elms can grow anywhere from 40-50 ft (12.1-15.2 m) tall depending on the environment, and they produce deciduous leaves that shift between an orange and a pale green with thick, whitish-gray bark. Some bonsai cultivars are much smaller than that, like the Hokkaido, which get to be only 1 ft (0.30 m) tall or so.

  • Young trees, whose trunk diameter is less than 2 in (5.08 cm), might need staking and pruning at a young age to keep them away from leaning or bending over because they have heavy tops and unstable roots.
  • To encourage a larger caliper (tree trunk diameter) or diameter in a Chinese elm, one should not concentrate much on the branches on the lower trunk while the tree is still growing.
  • The parent tree will only need light thinning and pruning to improve its appearance as it will have a fuller canopy by this time, one that might be too dense will make the tree look unkempt.
  • The Lacebark elm is known to have a lifespan of 50-150 years.
  • The elm tree in Graham Cossington's garden must have been planted at least 200 years ago. Given that he has Chinese ancestors, we can probably assume that the tree was brought over from China by one of his forefathers.

Habitat Requirements Of Chinese Elm Trees

If you care about the Chinese elm in your yard, make sure the tree gets ample sunlight and fertilizer so that its taproot has ample space to spread. It should be big and wide, like a metric diameter ruler!

  • You can bury Chinese elm seeds in a garden using a container as early as late August, but it is best to wait until after the first frost.
  • Stored seed does not show good germination and should be cultivated early in the spring.
  • An alternative propagation technique is to take stem cuttings while the plant is still a sapling and root them in water with some type of heat source beneath the water.
  • Elms tolerate a lot of soil conditions. Their most preferred growing conditions are well-drained soils, fertile soil, sand type, or loam but they will also grow in clay-like soil types.
  • As the most common backyard elm in the United States, this tree is largely regarded as a pest-resistant species because it is avoided by the Japanese beetle and other pests like the elm leaf beetle.
  • Unfortunately, they can be susceptible to not only borers and chewing insects like the Asian long-horned beetle but also to attack from root suckers and verticillium wilt.
  • Chinese elms are also resistant to most diseases but sometimes are attacked by cankers on young ones when soil is exceptionally wet or during extremely cold weather.
  • The Chinese elm has a high tolerance (but not immune) to Dutch elm disease, a fungal infection that has been devastating to American elms throughout the country.
  • They are mostly found in eastern Asia in areas like China, Hong Kong, Japan, and Macau.

This tree has been believed to be a symbol of longevity, peace, and joy for centuries. In Chinese history, it was believed that elm trees could provide immortality, which is why they were planted in the Imperial Gardens. The Chinese elm is commonly planted as a partial shade tree with the rounded shape of the tree's canopy protecting from full sun. Plus, it can grow to be 50 ft (15.24 m) high! Chinese elm bonsai is famous for landscape design. It is even used in making furniture. The tree is popular for its dark green foliage, which is often found in different shades of green, red, or purple. It's best to place the tree near a water source, as the roots can spread out far from the trunk. Do plant it if you live in the hardiness zones.

Written By
Shubhra Shukla

<p>With experience in digital marketing, social media strategy, and creative copywriting, Shubhra is a skilled writer and editor at Kidadl. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science Engineering from Gujarat Technological University/Narnarayan Shastri Institute of Technology (N.S.I.T) and believes in the power of words to influence people. When not working, she enjoys spending time with family and friends.</p>

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