25 Church Of England Facts: Here's All You Need To Know!

Martha Martins
Jan 23, 2024 By Martha Martins
Originally Published on Jan 21, 2022
Its origins can be traced back to the Roman Empire
Age: 3-18
Read time: 5.1 Min

The Church of England's origins can be traced back to the Roman Empire when a Christian church was founded in what was then the Roman province of Britain.

The Church of England was established for political reasons rather than religious ones. Its origins can be traced back to the Roman Empire, but it broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in 1534.

Tertullian and Origen, early Christian writers, describe the presence of a British church in the third century. In the fourth century, British bishops were present in a number of the Church's major councils, notably the Council of Arles in 314 and the Council of Rimini in 359. St Alban, who was executed for his religion on the site where St Albans Abbey now stands, is the earliest member of the British church we know by name.

Since the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century, it has been the founder church of the Anglican Communion. This Anglican church has respected and retained much of the traditional framework of medieval Roman Catholicism in church organization, liturgy, and customs as the successor to the Anglo-Saxon and medieval English churches, while also holding the basics of Reformation faith.

Founders Of The Church Of England

In order to learn about architecture, it is very important to know about its founder and origin.

  • In 1534, King Henry VIII founded the Church of England. Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon but requested that the marriage be annulled by the Pope.
  • When the annulment was denied, Henry VIII took advantage of his status as king to secede from the Roman Catholic Church and founded the Church of England.
  • The monasteries were closed, but few additional changes were made right away because Henry wanted the English church to remain Catholic while separating from Rome.
  • The Independent Church of England was reinstated when Elizabeth I became queen in 1558.
  • In the 18th century, Methodism broke apart from the church.
  • In the 19th century, the Oxford Movement reintroduced Catholic beliefs back into the church.
  • It is a legally established church, with the English monarch as its formal head (Elizabeth II). It is the mother of Anglican churches of the Anglican Communion.
  • Its headquarters are in London's Church House, Westminster.

Reasons Behind The Church Of England

These are some intriguing facts regarding the Church of England, and this section goes through a number of them.

  • The Church of England was a missionary church, with figures like St Illtud, St Ninian, and St Patrick evangelizing in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, but the pagan Angles, Saxons, and Jutes invaded much of what is now England in the fifth century, destroying the church's organization in much of what is now England.
  • The religious settlement that evolved during Elizabeth's reign gave the Church of England its particular identity, which it retains today.
  • The Church of England considers itself to be Catholic and Reformed at the same time.
  • It is Catholic in the sense that it sees itself as a part worldwide church of Jesus Christ, with unbroken ties to the early apostolic church.
  • It is reformed in the sense that it was shaped by the doctrinal beliefs of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century, particularly the Thirty-Nine Articles and the Book of Common Prayer.
  • The 1689 settlement has been the foundation of the Church of England's constitutional position ever since, a situation in which the Church of England has remained the established Church with a variety of legal privileges and responsibilities.
  • The British monarch is regarded as the church's highest administrator.
  • The monarch has the power to approve the appointment of archbishops and other church leaders among other things.
British bishops were present in a number of the Church major councils

History Of Church Of England

The history of the Church of England is intriguing and fun to know about!

  • The Church of England can trace its roots all the way back to the sixth century when Catholicism was first practiced in England.
  • The Church of England, often known as the Anglican Church, was founded by King Henry VIII in response to Roman Catholic Church protests and reform demands.
  • The Puritan movement in the 17th century resulted in the English Civil War (1642–51) and the Commonwealth (1649–60).
  • The monarchy and the Church of England were oppressed, but both were restored in 1660, the final decision was in the favor of Roman tradition.
  • From the 18th century onwards, the Church of England's history has been enriched by the coexistence of three broad traditions: Evangelical, Catholic, and Liberal.
  • The importance of continuity between the English church and the church of the Early and Medieval periods has been highlighted by the Catholic tradition, which has been deepened and altered by the Oxford movement since the 1830s.
  • Out of opposition, several of the era's leaders founded a slew of new religions.
  • Protestantism was the name given to these new religions, which included the Church of England.

Controversies Of The Church Of England

Here are some facts about controversies regarding the famous Church of England that are worth reading about.

  • Since the days of St Augustine, the Church of England has existed continuously, with the Archbishop of Canterbury as its episcopal head.
  • Responding to societal changes in England, such as population increase, urbanization, and the creation of a more multi-cultural and multi-faith society has been a challenge.
  • Women deacons, formerly called deaconesses and functioning mostly as helpers to priests, were first ordained by the Church of England in 1987, permitting women to conduct nearly all clerical functions with the exception of Eucharistic celebration.
  • According to history, there were three beliefs associated with the church, they are; a conviction that the Bible is the base for all Christian religion and thought, a commitment to a form of worship and living initially outlined in the Book of Common Prayer, and that Baptism and the Eucharist, or Holy Communion, are two sacraments instituted by Jesus.
  • While the Synod of Whitby reformed several Celtic Christian practices, Christians in the British Isles have always been under papal authority.
  • Before Augustine arrived in England, Queen Bertha of Kent was one of the few Christians in England who recognized papal authority.
  • Charismatic evangelicals, who are highly influenced by Pentecostalism and make engagement with the Holy Spirit and the supernatural a fundamental component of their English church life, are a substantial and rising subset.

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Written by Martha Martins

Bachelor of Arts specializing in Linguistics

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Martha MartinsBachelor of Arts specializing in Linguistics

Martha is a full-time creative writer, content strategist, and aspiring screenwriter who communicates complex thoughts and ideas effectively. She has completed her Bachelor's in Linguistics from Nasarawa State University. As an enthusiast of public relations and communication, Martha is well-prepared to substantially impact your organization as your next content writer and strategist. Her dedication to her craft and commitment to delivering high-quality work enables her to create compelling content that resonates with audiences.

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