Fun Forty-spotted Pardalote Facts For Kids

Nidhi Sahai
Oct 20, 2022 By Nidhi Sahai
Originally Published on Sep 02, 2021
Edited by Monisha Kochhar
Fact-checked by Kidadl Team
Discover these exciting Forty-Spotted Pardalote facts.
Age: 3-18
Read time: 6.3 Min

The Forty-Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) of Passeriformes order and Chordata phylum is an Endangered species and is majorly found in Tasmania (Bruny island) in the forests which have gum eucalyptus viminalis trees (white gum) to make their nest. This species is a small tiny bird with a short-tail and scoop-shaped bills. These birds are one of Australia's rarest bird as they are endemic to Australia. The Forty-Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) are colorful birds with major domination of brown and white color. Their rump is olive and the under tail is yellow in color, the wings are black and have white spots on the feathers. All these different color ranges give them the name 'diamond bird.' The juveniles can look less colorful than the adults. Found in eastern Tasmania, their natural habitat consists of woodlands, eucalypt trees, acacia, east coast island, semi-arid and arid regions. The Forty-Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) shows different behavior throughout. They are solitary birds during nesting, are migratory birds after their breeding season, and live in colonies during winters.

Got an interest in birds and want to know about more of them? Here you can know some amazing facts about the yellow-billed cuckoo and the northern bobwhite.

Forty-Spotted Pardalote Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Forty-Spotted Pardalote?

The Forty-Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) is a type of bird of the family Pardalotidae. These birds can be found in the Bruny island of southeastern Tasmania.

What class of animal does a Forty-Spotted Pardalote belong to?

The Forty-Spotted Pardalotes belong to the class Aves of the kingdom Animalia. Their scientific name is Pardalotus quadragintus and genus Pardalotus. They are also known as 'diamond birds.'

How many Forty-Spotted Pardalotes are there in the world?

As the Forty-Spotted Pardalote comes under the threatened species, their population range is between 3000-4000 and are some of Australia's rarest birds found on the southeast coast of Tasmania.

Where does a Forty-Spotted Pardalote live?

The Forty-Spotted Pardalote prefer to live in woods or, moreover, island-based habitats. These birds are common in the reasonably fertile parts of Australia (the east coast and the south-east). Southeastern Tasmania has a good population of these yellow and white-winged birds.

What is a Forty-Spotted Pardalote's habitat?

This island bird's preferred natural environment to build its nest and live in is among many trees, in colonies. They live in forests and woodlands near the coast. The Forty-Spotted Pardalote habitat covers forests dominating the manna gum and Eucalyptus viminalis. Most of the Forty-Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) can be seen in the Bruny island among white gum trees. The known range of the Forty-Spotted Pardalote is small colonies in patches of white gum.

Who do Forty-Spotted Pardalotes live with?

The threatened species of the Forty-Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) show both solitary and gregarious behavior depending upon the season. During winters, these species live in groups but migrates after the breeding season and tend to avoid living in a flock during the nesting season.

How long does a Forty-Spotted Pardalote live?

The exact lifespan of one of Australia's rarest birds is not known, but like other small birds of Passeriformes order, their lifespan range between one to three years. Their population is continuously facing danger from habitat destruction of white gum trees (decreasing the breeding time), climate change, human intervention, and endangered species.

How do they reproduce?

The Forty-Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) is monogamous and maintains the pair bonds over the year; some might have helpers at the nest. The Forty-Spotted Pardalotes are seasonal breeders but can increase the breeding season all year in the warmer areas. Their nests are cup-shaped and are constructed in holes of trees or ground covered and protected with leaves. You can often see these birds compete with their lookalike and more dominant Striated Pardalote for the territory. Both male and female Forty-Spotted Pardalotes build the nest.

What is their conservation status?

The Forty-Spotted Pardalote population is decreasing, and they are endemic species only to Australia. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has placed them under the list of Endangered species.

Forty-Spotted Pardalote Fun Facts

What do Forty-Spotted Pardalotes look like?

The Forty-Spotted Pardalotes come under the category of tiny birds, which makes them look so cute as well! They have a short bill and have dull olive-green and pale gray chest and belly. Their wings are black in color and they have white spots on them.

The olive green color often mixes these birds with leaves.

How cute are they?

These nesting Pardalotes are very small and extremely cute because of their colorful body and lovely voices.

How do they communicate?

There is no exact information about their communication process but the Forty-Spotted Pardalote call is a two-note call and is often soft, unlike other shrilling calls of small birds.

How big is a Forty-Spotted Pardalote?

Forty-Spotted Pardalotes are 3.5-4 in (9-10 cm) in length. They are three times smaller than the bird, Gabar Goshawk.

How fast can a Forty-Spotted Pardalote fly?

The exact flying speed of this bird is not known yet, but they are swift flyers. They have occasional turns as when one flies in, the other flies out.

How much does a Forty-Spotted Pardalote weigh?

The Forty-Spotted Pardalote of the Pardalotidae family weighs around 0.3 oz (11 g).

What are the male and female names of the species?

No specific names are given to the male and female of this species of nesting birds.

What would you call a baby Forty-Spotted Pardalote?

The baby of this bird is called a chick, like the other species of the Pardalotus genus.

What do they eat?

These native birds of Bruny island are insectivores. They usually eat soft-bodied invertebrates like spiders, worms, termites, and earwigs.

Are they dangerous?

No, they are not dangerous. They are tiny and cute creatures!

Would they make a good pet?

People should avoid taking them as a pet as their population is continuously decreasing and need conservation.

Did you know...

The bird is so-called because they have 20 white spots on each side of their wings, which in total adds up to 40, and hence the name. Pardalote means 'spotted' in greek.

Different types of Pardalote

The Pardalotidae family has four species of birds in total. Apart from Bruny island, Tasmania, they are also found in Australia and sometimes known as Australian Warblers. In the family, two species, the Forty-Spotted Pardalote and the Red-Browed Pardalote are invariant. The species Striated Pardalote has six subspecies. The bird Yellow-Rumped Pardalote has a distinctive plumage, which is found in southwestern Australia. The Red-Browed Pardalote is also endemic to Australia, weighs around 0.02 lb (10 g), and is 4.13 in (10.5 cm) long. They breed between July to December, and the pair is monogamous. They sometimes show solitary behavior and sometimes travel in a group. They have a scoop-shaped bill that helps them glean insects, a group of five to six birds. The Striated Pardalote is the least colorful of the family and is also known as Pickwick. They have a black crown having white streaks and lives in tall mountain rainforest and arid scrubland. They breed from June to February, and they have a sharp call called 'witta witta.' The Yellow-Rumped Pardalote found in southern Australia and are gregarious as they move in flocks, sometimes in search of food and habitat. They make their nest across the earthen banks.

Why is the Forty-Spotted Pardalote endangered?

The yellow and white-winged Forty Spotted Pardalote (Pardalotus quadragintus) species, which can be seen in Tasmania, mainly Bruny island, comes under threatened species. There are continuously decreasing, and the main reasons for that are habitat destruction, other predators, competitors, and limited dispersal ability. They nest themselves among the eucalyptus viminalis trees (white gum) and other woodland trees, which are under deforestation leading to loss of habitat for these species. Construction activities of roads, houses, and factories damage the white gum trees. The burning of these eucalyptus white gum trees not only causes habitat destruction but also burns the birds living on these trees.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds from our secretary bird facts and blue jay facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable striated pardalote coloring pages.

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Written by Nidhi Sahai

Bachelor of Arts in Journalism and Mass Communication

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Nidhi SahaiBachelor of Arts in Journalism and Mass Communication

Dedicated and experienced, Nidhi is a professional content writer with a strong reputation for delivering high-quality work. She has contributed her expertise to esteemed organizations, including Network 18 Media and Investment Ltd. Driven by her insatiable curiosity and love for journalism and mass communication, Nidhi pursued a Bachelor of Arts degree from Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, graduating with distinction in 2021. During her college years, she discovered her passion for Video Journalism, showcasing her skills as a videographer for her institution. Nidhi's commitment to making a positive impact extends beyond her professional pursuits. Actively engaging in volunteer work, she has contributed to various events and initiatives throughout her academic career.

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