31 Fun Muscle Facts For Kids: Learn About The Types And Functions | Kidadl


31 Fun Muscle Facts For Kids: Learn About The Types And Functions

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Skeletal muscles (human muscles) are organs of the vertebrate muscular system.

Skeletal muscles are primarily linked to the skeleton via tendons. Skeletal muscle is substantially longer than those seen in other forms of muscle tissue and is known as muscle fibers.

Skeletal muscle tissue is wrinkled, giving it a striped appearance owing to the array of sarcomeres. Skeletal muscles are voluntary muscles regulated by the somatic nervous system. There are two types of muscles, which include striated cardiac muscle and non-striated smooth muscle. Both of these types of tissues are categorized as involuntary muscles or under the direction of the autonomic nervous system.

Approximately 600 skeletal muscles make up the human body, accounting for 40-50% of total body weight. To serve both sides of the body, bulk of these muscles are organized in bilateral pairs. Muscles are often categorized as muscle groups that work together to complete a job or a task in the body. Want to know what makes up muscle tissue and how this helps our bodily functions? Read on to find out all you need to know about muscles and their functions.

What are muscles?

A skeletal muscle comprises many fascicles, which are muscle mass bundles. Fascia is a connective tissue layer that covers each fiber and muscle tissue individually.

Myogenesis is the process of combining growing myoblasts into lengthy multinucleated cells, which culminates in muscle fibers.

Myonuclei, the nuclei of these cells, is situated on the inside of the cell membrane. Muscle fibers have a lot of mitochondria to meet their energy needs.

Fat and glucose oxidation are primary sources of muscle strength, although anaerobic chemical reactions, particularly in fast-twitch fibers, are also used.

These chemical reactions create adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules, which are required to drive the movement of these myosin heads. Muscles form the membranes of many organs.

Types Of Muscles

Muscles are divided into three categories, namely smooth muscles, cardiac muscles, and striated or skeletal muscles. Muscles are further categorized based on their function into voluntary muscles, skeletal muscles, and involuntary muscles.

Skeletal muscles are a kind of muscular tissue that is connected to the bones and has a role in the daily functions of many human body organs. These muscles are also called voluntary muscles since they are controlled by the body's central nervous system.

Cardiac muscle is exclusively present in the heart and is self-stimulating, with a medium contraction tempo and energy consumption. The musculoskeletal system does not include this muscle.

Cardiac muscles are striated muscles that pump and circulate blood throughout the human body. They also control muscular involuntary actions to keep our heart from stopping to pump blood.

This muscle contracts and constantly relaxes in a cyclic pattern. Heart muscle is a soft tissue that is made up of interconnecting muscle cells that give strength and flexibility.

They are considered one of the strongest muscles of the body as they indirectly or directly control many organs.

Smooth muscles are involuntary, non-striated muscles governed by our body's Autonomic Nervous System (ANS).

These muscles can be found almost everywhere in the human body, including bile ducts, stomach intestines, sphincters, bladder, vessels, uterus, and eyes.

Smooth muscles help the digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems, as well as blood arteries, intestines, and airways, contract.

Smooth muscle cells are spindle-shaped and have a single nucleus. These muscles are automatically stimulated and don't need conscious thinking to activate.

Voluntary muscle is a multinucleated cell unit with bundles of sarcomeres. These muscles are made up of cylindrical tissues that are linked to bones and skin.

They are primarily controlled by the somatosensory nervous system and play a crucial role in enabling body movement by contracting and relaxing.

Skeletal muscles are among voluntary muscle types. In the instance of cardiac muscle, involuntary muscle is striated and branching.

Autonomic nervous system in the body is in charge of controlling the activities of these involuntary muscles.

Functions Of Muscles

Muscle contraction is a human muscle's primary function. Skeletal muscles act as endocrine organs after contraction by secreting myokines, which are a variety of cytokines and other peptides that serve as signaling molecules. The health effects of strength training are thought to be mediated by myokines. After a muscular contraction, myokines are released into the blood for circulation. Other muscular contraction-induced myokines include SPARC, FGF21, and BDNF. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is the most researched myokine.

Muscle tissue is also used to generate heat in the body. Muscle contractions account for 85% of heat production in the human body. This heat is generated as a byproduct of muscular system activity, and it is mostly squandered. Muscles are triggered to produce shivering contractions in order to create heat as a homeostatic reaction to acute cold.

The efferent leg of the nervous system is in control of transmitting orders to muscles and glands, and it is ultimately in charge of voluntary movement. Nerves move muscles in response to brain messages that are both voluntary and involuntary.

Deep muscles, superficial muscles, facial muscles, and internal muscles all have specialized areas in the brain's main motor cortex, which is located immediately anterior to the central sulcus, separating the frontal and parietal lobes.

Muscles also respond to reflexive nerve impulses, which don't always transmit messages all the way to the brain. These signals from different fibers don't reach the brain in this situation, but direct connections with efferent neurons in the spine cause reflexive movement.

The bulk of muscular system activity, on the other hand, is voluntary and the product of intricate interactions between diverse brain regions.

Although gluteus maximus is the body's largest muscle, calf muscle produces the greatest force when utilized. Its intensity is way more than the one produced by the largest muscle.

Features Of Muscles

Here are some cool features of muscles that we guarantee you didn't know!

Muscles account for over half of the weight in the human body.

The human body has 650 distinct muscles in its muscular system.

How often you utilize your muscles has an impact on their size. That's why speed skaters have such strong legs.

Individual stretched muscle tissue can reach a length of up to 12 in (30 cm).

The numbers and diameter of muscle tissue begin to diminish at the age of 40, and around the age of 80, up to 50% of muscle mass may have been lost. Exercise and a healthy diet can help reduce this muscle mass loss.

Over 600 skeletal muscles make up our muscular system, which accounts for roughly 40% of our body weight.

Skeletal muscles are seen attached to the skeleton through bone or connective tissues, such as ligaments in the muscular system. Muscles are usually connected to one another in two or more locations. The attachment sites are drawn closer together as the muscle contracts and farther apart when the muscle relaxes.

The tensor tympani (related to the eardrum) and the Stapedius are two of the smallest muscles in the middle ear, as are the smallest bones. Stapedius is the smallest muscle in the human body.

According to the renowned National Institutes of Health (NIH), muscles are commonly linked with the actions of legs, arms, and other appendages, but they also cause more subtle movements such as facial expressions, eye movements, and help in breathing.


Q. What do muscles support?

A. Muscles produce the pulling force on bones that allow joints to stretch, straighten, and support themselves. Muscles can pull on joints, but they can't put them back into place; therefore, they function in pairs called flexors and extensors.

Q. Where is the muscular system located in the body?

A. The muscular system is present everywhere in the human body. Muscles are made up of nerves, skeletal muscles, tendons, and blood vessels, and each one is a unique organ of the human body. The digestive system, blood vessels, and heart all include muscle tissues.

Q. What is unique about muscles?

A. Muscles are soft tissues, or flesh, that cover the bones of the human body. These muscle tissues operate in pairs to allow a bone to move. Muscles are divided into several categories based on contractibility, elasticity, excitability, and extensibility. Contractibility specifically is where these muscles can extend or contract as and when the body requires them to do so.

Q. What causes muscle spasms?

A. Spasms, also known as muscular cramps, occur when a muscle contract involuntarily in a violent manner and is unable to release or be put back into its place. These are quite frequent and can affect any muscle in the human body. They might affect a single muscle, a group of muscles, or a portion of a muscle. In the instance of muscular spasms, specific aetiology is uncertain. One or more of the following reasons can be blamed in a majority of cases, according to some experts.

There wasn't enough stretching

Muscle exhaustion

Exercising in the sweltering heat


Electrolyte depletion

Nerve discharges that are not voluntary

The blood supply is restricted


There's been too much high-intensity workout.

Q. How long does it take to build muscle?

A. You can add six to 12 pounds of fresh, lean muscle to your body if you persist with weight training for six or seven months. After a year, this weight fluctuates between 12 and 24 pounds. Even gaining 12 pounds of body muscle will result in a massive increase in strength, much more than you might think.

Q. How much protein do I need to build muscle?

A. A decent rule of thumb for preserving current muscle is to consume 0.028-0.035 oz (0.8-1 g) of protein per 1 lb (0.45 kg) of body weight, based on averages from evidence-based guidelines.

<p>With a Bachelor's degree in commerce from the University of Calicut, Avinash is an accomplished artist, writer, and social worker. He has exhibited his paintings in galleries worldwide and his writing has been recognized for its creativity and clarity in various publications. Avinash's dedication to social justice and equality has led him to devote his time and resources to various causes that aim to improve the lives of those in need. Having gained valuable experience working with major corporations, Avinash has become a successful entrepreneur. When he is not busy pursuing his passion for art and social work, he spends his free time reading, farming, and indulging his love for automobiles and motorcycles.</p>

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