Hardwood Facts For Kids: Learn All About Wood And Its Uses | Kidadl


Hardwood Facts For Kids: Learn All About Wood And Its Uses

Arts & Crafts
Learn more
Reading & Writing
Learn more
Math & Logic
Learn more
Sports & Active
Learn more
Music & Dance
Learn more
Social & Community
Learn more
Mindful & Reflective
Learn more
Outdoor & Nature
Learn more
Read these Tokyo facts to learn all about the Japanese capital.

Our country has several tree species with hardwood traits. 

They have broad leaves instead of needle-like leaves. As a result, the winter often brings a period of dormancy for these trees.

In today's society, the use of hardwood has drastically decreased. It is now pricey and uncommon due to the degradation of tropical and temperate forests.

The Meaning Of Hardwood

The term 'hardwood tree' describes a group of trees with similar characteristics. Instead of needle-like leaflets, the trees have broad leaves. 

Several tree varieties of this nation have hardwood tree traits.

Fruits and nuts are often produced, but they fall dormant during the winter. Hardwoods are inherently resistant to decay since they originate from unrushed growing broad-leaved trees. This indicates that the wood has a more significant density than softwood, giving it more endurance and rigidity.

Types Of Hardwood

Since they're readily available and incredibly lasting, American white oak and European oak are two of the most preferred hardwoods to deal with. General woodwork, flooring, paneling, and stairs are frequent uses for this wood species.

Hardwood is divided into three categories:

Tropical Hardwoods: Tropical hardwoods are all hardwoods categorized as 'angiosperm' because their seeds are enclosed in fruits or capsules. These hardwoods originate mainly in Asia, West & Central Africa, and South America. Most are temperate hardwoods.

Temperate Hardwoods: Temperate forests can be found in sections of the eastern United States, Japan, Canada, Europe, China, and Russia. Such forests include an extensive range of wood types, including deciduous trees coniferous trees, and broad-leaved trees, such as ash, oak, and maple.

European Hardwoods: Oak and birch are the most common European hardwoods. For ages, oak has been a prized wood for furnishings. There are several sites in the UK that showcase oak timber in buildings, which can be seen in any furniture store nowadays. Birch, in contrast, is widely used for furniture and lacquered woodwork.

Hardwood comprises conifers, whereas softwood is composed of trees. Hardwood trees are 100 times more diverse than softwood trees.

Physical Features Of Hardwood

Hardwoods have a dense structure, which makes them more rigid and bulky. 

Water is transported by xylem vessels in hardwood. Lignin is a complex substance needed to sustain plants above the ground, and its cell walls are heavily lignified. The amount of lignin in them is essential in their hardness.

Wood fuel is renewable provided that forests are carefully controlled. Modern appliances can burn wood with ninety percent effectiveness, and overall carbon emissions through the wood are lower than those from fossil fuels.

Hardwood trees and shrubs bloom almost all year round. Trees' wood has water-conducting cells and dense thick fiber cells. Only water-conducting cells exist in softwood trees.

Due to the sheer vast range of looks that hardwoods provide, they can be utilized with any design and they come in a variety of shades depending on the tree variety picked, from the light-colored ash to the reddish-looking Sapele. Due to obvious natural patterns, no two hardwood trees are alike, giving you a distinctive piece of furniture or flooring.

Uses And Benefits Of Using Hardwood

Hardwood has many different types of uses and benefits which come with its structures and properties. Some of these are:

Consider how worn and used a mattress will seem in a few years. Hardwood flooring may raise the value of a home since they are durable. On the other side, wood floors can survive for decades and may be resurrected with hardly any effort, appearing brand new.

The most straightforward feature of hardwood is the ease with which it can be kept clean and preserved.

This is why flooring is preferred. A routine sweep and periodic mopping will keep floors appearing lovely for years, and fast sand and lacquer will bring it back to life. There's also the bonus of solace; hardwood is comfortable to walk on, but it's also innately warm. Wood is an amazing insulator, with millions of tiny air chambers that trap heat.

Hardwoods are used to manufacture wood veneers, which are glued over other, less costly woods to give the woods the appearance of a particular wood species while being less costly than genuine hardwood. Land clearing in many tropical nations is why this is becoming a widespread manner of utilizing tropical hardwoods that provide a finite amount.


What are the three characteristics of hardwoods?

Hardwood is relatively denser.

Hardwood takes a longer time to grow.

At specific periods of the year, hardwood trees drop their leaves.

What are the main uses of hardwood?

Hardwoods are used for many things, notably fuels, equipment, construction, furnishings, musical equipment, flooring, cookery, containers, and charcoal production.

Where does hardwood grow?

Many hardwood trees are found in tropical conditions like those found in the Amazon rainforest, although some thrive in moderate settings like those found in Europe.

How to tell the difference between hardwood and a softwood tree?

Softwood and hardwood refer to the leaves, seedlings, and structure of trees, not the sort of wood they generate.

Softwoods are gymnosperms, which means that they are naked seed plants, whereas hardwood trees have encased nuts or seeds.

Cost: Since many species are far less costly than hardwoods, they are the apparent choice for any structural purposes where the wood would not be visible. Softwoods grow quickly as opposed to several hardwoods, which is one of the reasons the softer ones are less costly.

With a few exceptions, softwoods are coniferous with needle-like 'leaves' that stay on the tree throughout the year, albeit they progressively fall as the tree ages. The conifer's leaves of Softwoods turn over every two years in most situations.

How to identify softwood trees?

Softwoods are gymnosperms, sometimes known as conifers, that sprout from seed. Their buds are unprotected when they hit the ground, and the plants depend on the soil's surface generated by flame and disruption.

Once softwoods develop, their seeds are discharged into the breeze. Many hardwood varieties do not benefit from this overwhelming advantage, as the occurrence scatters the seed across a large region.

What is special about hardwood?

Hardwoods are inherently more resilient since they originate from slow-growing, broad-leaved trees. This indicates that the wood has a more significant density than softwoods, giving it more endurance and strength.

Why is hardwood stronger than softwood?

The presence of xylem vessels lined with lignin is the hardness of hardwood.

Why is hardwood called hardwood?

Hardwood is called hardwood because its seed has a covering on top.

What are the properties of hardwoods?

Longevity, Hardwood generates a high-quality output with excellent long-term sturdiness.

Hardwood remains simple to wash.

The thick cellular structure of the trees provides the lumber with exceptional strength.

Written By
Divya Raghav

<p>With a diverse range of experience in finance, administration, and operations, Divya is a diligent worker known for her attention to detail. Born and raised in Bangalore, she completed her Bachelor's in Commerce from Christ University and is now pursuing an MBA at Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Bangalore. Along with her professional pursuits, Divya has a passion for baking, dancing, and writing content. She is also an avid animal lover who dedicates her time to volunteering for animal welfare causes.</p>

Read The Disclaimer

Was this article helpful?