41 Mangrove Facts For Kids To Understand Their Importance | Kidadl


41 Mangrove Facts For Kids To Understand Their Importance

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Read these Tokyo facts to learn all about the Japanese capital.

Mangroves, a shrub species, primarily appeared during the Cretaceous and Paleocene epochs.

Mangroves grow in salty waters and thrive in tropical, subtropical, and temperate coastal areas. Mangroves can live in harsh coastal ecosystems as well.

The oldest known fossil mangrove dates back 75 million years! Most mangroves grow along rivers, shores, and estuaries. They have a sturdy and complex root system, with interwoven outgrown roots. The complex root system absorbs saltwater and helps in controlling wave action. Mangrove trees can live on muddy soils, sand, peat, and coral rocks. According to the theory of plate tectonics, Mangroves were distributed through the movement of tectonic plates.

Where do mangroves exist?

Mangrove forests are among the most significant wetland plant communities in tropical regions.

The bottoms of mangrove ecosystems are often muddy.

The vegetation in these forests is made up of a mix of trees, ferns, herbs, and vines that are all adapted to the mangrove environment.

The largest areas of mangrove coverage are Asia, Africa, Australia's northern coastlines, southern Japan, New Zealand, North America, and Central America.

Mangrove forests can also be found along the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, South Pacific Ocean, and the Indian Ocean.

The Sundarban mangrove forest, which is located in West Bengal, India, is (likely) the largest continuous chain of mangrove forests in the world.

They span across the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta. 

Mangroves are also found in areas such as Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and Mangrove Bayou Preserve State Park near Tampa Bay (Florida).

Florida mangroves are quite famous for being home to 220 fish and 181 bird species.

Pichavaram mangrove forests are the second in this regard and are located in Tamil Nadu.

They are home to 200 species of birds and several animals as well.

Bahia mangroves are located in northeastern Brazil and they are a part of the South American Atlantic forest biome.

Gulf of Panama mangroves is situated in the Bay of San Miguel on the Pacific coast of Panama and Colombia; it is one of the coastal forests.

The Importance Of Mangroves

Mangrove forests have a lot of significance for the environment, the economy, people's health, and cultural beliefs.

Mangroves contribute to a wide range of benefits; including timber supply, medicines, fish, and shellfish harvesting.

Mangroves play a particularly vital role in coastal ecosystems.

These coastal communities are good indicators of the environmental quality and health of an area.

Mangrove ecosystems also store carbon, which can help reduce climate change and control carbon dioxide in the air.

Mangroves have vegetated in 123 tropical and subtropical countries and 73 different species of mangroves are known to exist.

Mangroves protect marine life and coastlines of the world.

Mangrove trees are one of nature's most effective carbon sequesters, removing five times more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than tropical rainforests.

Mangroves play an important role in reducing storm damage.

Despite their great economic value, mangroves are often harvested for timber and charcoal production and cleared for coastal development.

Mangrove forests can also be found along the Atlantic Ocean

Mangrove's Ecosystem

Mangroves play a crucial role in the environment. They make some of the most productive and biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth.

The mangrove ecosystem is vital to our ecological balance.

Their dense roots help build soils and stop coastal erosion.

Mangrove root systems are intricate and filter nitrates, phosphates, and other pollutants from the water.

These tropical trees significantly improve the water quality which flows from rivers and streams into the estuarine and ocean environment.

Mangroves, seagrass beds, and coral reefs all play a part in maintaining healthy coastlines and successfully mitigating coral bleaching.

Mangroves provide many resources to local communities living near coastal areas.

These local communities gather shellfish, clams, and shrimps when the tidal flat is low.

Fish move in to feed among the mangrove roots' protection when the tide is high, which turns the muddy soil land into a fishing ground.

Every year, mangrove leaves fall from the trees and form a productive food cycle.

The leaves decay as they fall, giving nutrients to invertebrates, algae, and other microorganisms.

The ecological and environmental conditions of an area have a significant impact on mangrove diversity, dominance, and adaptation.

Characteristics Of Mangroves

Mangroves live in salty water with high humidity enclosed by coastal regions.

Mangroves are the only species of shrub trees that prosper in saltwater and they trap sediments coming from large water bodies.

One of the best facts about mangroves is that they can survive in low oxygen environments.

Mangroves absorb nutrients from the air and utilize them to reduce salt consumption, which increases the survival rate of their young and lowers water loss.

Asia has the largest number of mangroves in the world.

There are a total of 46 different species of mangroves, from 14 different families, found in Indian mangrove habitats.

Mangrove trees can reach a height of 10-200 ft (3-61 m).

The red mangrove tree can survive in areas that are often flooded.

It uses tall roots to stay above the water and then absorbs air through small craters in its bark.

The black mangrove tree has a tube-like root structure called pneumatophores, they play an essential role in their development; these tubes can reach a height of up to 12 in (30 cm).

Mangroves that grow in an area are based on many different factors; these include things like the environment, climate, and geography.

For example, different types of mangroves thrive in areas near the ocean coastlines than in areas further inland.

Written By
Ravleen Kaur

<p>A seasoned writer, Ravleen brings extensive expertise in marketing and human resources to her role. Holding a Master's degree in Business Administration, she has collaborated with numerous companies, enhancing their communication strategies to achieve business objectives. As a writer, Ravleen's passion for reading fuels her ability to create engaging content across various genres. In her personal life, she finds solace and inspiration through practicing yoga and meditating in her garden, allowing her to maintain a centered and focused mindset.</p>

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