Nereid: Impressive Greek Mythology Facts On Sea Nymphs Revealed! | Kidadl


Nereid: Impressive Greek Mythology Facts On Sea Nymphs Revealed!

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Did you hear mystical stories about beautiful mermaids emerging out of the depths of the water in your childhood days? 

Well, these tales were derived from Roman and Greek mythology. People's moral compass was governed mainly by the gods who controlled nature and every aspect of life, and Nereids were no exception. 

So, here are some popular myths associated with the Nereids. If you are pumped up to know about some other mythical gods, then read through these thrilling Itzamna Mayan god facts and Viking god thor facts.

Who Are Nereid In Greek Mythology

Which gods and goddesses were worshipped in ancient cultures? Ancient mythology has a charm of its own. These stories reflect the thoughts and beliefs harbored by our great ancestors. If you are a voracious reader of Greek mythology, you must have come across characters like Aphrodite, Hercules, Hermes, Achilles, and Hades. However, do you know who Nereids were?

Nereids in Greek mythology refer to the 50 sea nymphs who were the daughters of Nereus and his wife Doris, Oceanus' daughter. As a whole, Nereids stand for the water element as they thrived under the depths of seawater. Nereids could be spotted on the sea waves or coastal rocks of the Mediterranean, and each is associated with separate aspects of the sea. For instance, Nereid Actaea symbolized the seashore, while Nereid Melite personified calm seas.

Do you know the story of Nereid Amphitrite? When Poseidon pursued Amphitrite, she fled and concealed herself in the great depths of the sea. However, Delphin tracked her down and convinced her of Poseidon's proposal. Ultimately, Amphitrite entered the wedlock and became the 'Queen of the Sea.' Nereid Galatea was also renowned for her beauty.

The British Museum boasts of the Nereid Monument. The Nereid Monument was constructed for the burial of King Erbinna (or Arbinas), ruler of the Xanthian dynasty. The sculpture of the Nereid Monument portrays influences of Persian and Greek styles modeled on the structure of the Ionian temple of the Acropolis of Athens.

Do you know that a lake in Antarctica has been named after these sea nymphs? It's called the Nereid Lake. Also, one of Neptune's satellites is named Nereid. The second discovered moon of Neptune also qualifies to be the third-largest moon in our galaxy. While Willian Lassell identified Triton, the first satellite, Gerard Peter Kuiper was credited for discovering Nereid, the second Neptunian moon. The latest research shows that the surface of Nereid is composed of ice silicate. The orbit followed by the satellite is unusual, which suggests that it exhibits an asynchronous rotation pattern.

Nereid: Appearance Details

The spellbinding appearance of the Nereids makes them an emblem of beauty, but how did these nymphs of the sea look? Give your imaginations a short break and learn the details.

Are Nereids mermaids? Nereids are famous for their captivating charm in Greek mythology, like the mermaids. They possessed a pinkish-red skin tone, and each displayed some unique physical characteristics. These attractive maidens were dressed in spectacular white silk attire bordered with gold while red coral branches adorned their head. Objects such as combs and starfish could be commonly spotted on their bodies to symbolize their origins. Nereids were sometimes portrayed with fish-tails in the place of human-like feet, so they're often likened to the mermaids. They're known to be extremely amiable as they were usually found with hippocampus or dolphins.

Some popular myths associated with the Nereids

Nereid: Weakness

Here are some details about the strengths and weaknesses of Nereid.

Since Nereid was a sea nymph, she was gifted with hydrokinetic powers that enabled her to create, control, or manipulate all forms of water like waves, currents, and tides. They also possessed healing powers. Unlike the sirens, these sea nymphs helped the fishermen and sailors caught in a violent storm. Although they were bestowed with the ability to govern the water, they also had a weakness. Just like human beings, Nereids were not immortal. Due to their divine powers, Nereids were worshipped and celebrated by many people residing in Ancient Greece, particularly the towns near harbors and ports like Cardamyle.

The mother of Achilles, Nereid Thetis, was one of the most beautiful Nereids who captivated both Poseidon and Zeus. However, none of the two wished to marry her because the prophecy revealed that Thetis' son would wield more power than the father. Zeus arranged for Thetis' marriage with the brave hero, Peleus, who was a mortal. Thetis couldn't escape from her fate. So, after the birth of Achilles, Thetis tried to turn her son immortal by dipping him in the Styx River, holding him by the heels. However, the mother remained ignorant of Achilles' only weakness, and he died in the Trojan War after being shot on his heel.

Did you know that Poseidon unleased Cetus, a sea monster for ravaging Ethiopia? Poseidon was enraged at Cassiopeia's claim that her daughter's beauty surpassed the Nereids. To save the kingdom, Princess Andromeda was enchained and offered to Cetus. However, Perseus saved her by slaying Medusa and using her head to turn Cetus into stone.

Nereid: Father Facts

Let's learn some amusing facts about the 'Old Man of the Sea' who fathered all 50 Nereids.

Nereus, the Greek sea god, fathered the Nereids. The Oceanid, Doris was his wife. Pontus' eldest son, Nereus, possessed the gift of changing shapes and making prophecies. The term 'Nereides' has its roots in the Greek word 'nêros,' which translates to 'wet.' This implies that the Nereids were the 'Wet Ones' or 'Daughters of Nereus.' 

The names of all 50 daughters of Doris and Nereus are Glauce, Thoe, Nesaea, Cymothoe, Thalia, Spio, Cymodoce, Calianassa, Ianira, Nemertes, Galatea, Apseudes, Amphinome, Panope, Ianira, Clymene, Leucothea, Arethusa, Ephyre, Eurydice, Deiopea, Creneis, Asia, Opis, Actaea, Amphithoe, Pherusa, Doto, Dexamene, Dynamene, Limnoria, Iaera, Agaue, Proto, and a few others. Nereus dwelled in his palace at the bottom of the Aegean Sea with Doris, his only son Nerites, and his daughters. Did you know that the goddess of fertility and love, Aphrodite was the pupil of Nereus? The sea god was revered for his truthfulness, wisdom, and virtue.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created many interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for Nereid: impressive Greek mythology facts on sea nymphs revealed, then why not take a look at why do cats drool, curious facts on cat drooling revealed for kids, or why do worms come out when it rains, fun ground worm facts for kids?

Written By
Moumita Dutta

<p>A content writer and editor with a passion for sports, Moumita has honed her skills in producing compelling match reports and stories about sporting heroes. She holds a degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Calcutta University, alongside a postgraduate diploma in Sports Management.</p>

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