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Out of all the ancient Greek gods in Greek mythology, the great god Pan is one of the most interesting ones.
He is a minor god in Greek mythology. He has been referred to with many names like the god of wild, god of pastures, and god shepherds.
Most people know him by the name, the god of the wild in the natural world. Pan was a popular god in Greek mythology and there are many interesting facts about him. One of the many interesting facts about him is that pan was half-man and half goat. The upper half of his body was a human's body and the lower half of his body was a goat. This was also called silenos or satyr. He is often drawn and written in stories with horns on his head with an unattractive face. He is one the most depicted gods of all time in Greek mythology because of his unusual body structure and features. God Pan also possessed the ability to transform objects. The sacred plants associated with Pan are the pine tree and reeds. "Not only a great Pan, but also little Pans, appeared in Dionysos' retinue, or in images of untamed landscapes. In classical mythology, the name Pan means 'all'.
According to Greek mythology, Pan was the pastoral god, a patron of huntsmen and shepherds. He headed almost all the rural occupations and was the chief of satyrs and had enormous strength.
According to some common beliefs, his dad was Hermes and his mother was a wood nymph. He was born with horns coming out of his head, had a beard like a goat, a crooked nose, a tail, pointed ears, and feet of a goat. He was believed to have such a repulsive appearance that even his mother did not accept him. However his dad, Hermes took him to Mount Olympus, wrapped in hare skin.
Pan was a lover of singing, music, dancing, and other sorts of entertainment in life which gives people pleasure. This was the reason he was very popular among the river nymphs in the forests. They used to dance and cheer around him. He was so confident of his music and his supposed divine voice that he even tried to challenge Apollo as he considered himself a great god. He was challenged by Tmolus, the mountain god.
There is a legend about a pan flute and this god's lost love. Pan fell in love with one of the wood nymphs named Syrinx, who was horrified by his monstrous appearance and fled from her unwelcome suitor. Angered Pan followed her to the banks of river Ladon, where she cried out to the river god for help, and the river god responded by turning her into a reed just as Pan was about to take her. The winds softly stirred the reeds, producing a murmuring sound as though someone was whining while the love-sick Pan was groaning and mourning his unhappy lot.
God Pan was associated with animals, wild landscapes and nature, and it is believed that because of that, he did not have a proper human figure. The bottom half of his body was of a goat and the top half was a human being. He is also represented with horns on his head and he also is shown him pictures with a very unattractive face. Besides having furry haunches and goat horns, he is depicted with his pan-pipe, a musical instrument in sculptures, paintings, and many ancient representations. Paintings often represent him playing this pipe.
The main strength of this god was that he was able to play good music. However, this was his weakness as well, as he likes very loud music. Not just loud, he liked to play chaotic music which was like noise for people around. This mischievous side of him sometimes could turn very dark in nature instantly. He had the ability to incite panic in others, which sometimes came with anger. According to these famous myths, it is believed that men used to panic while crossing the woods in the dark because of his rustic melody.
Pan was supposed to be the god charged for the judgment of human activities that involved animals, most obviously hunting and livestock farming. He was also distinguished by a strong symbolic connectedness to the outside world. Pan and the natural world, where he was thought to live, became a symbol for the pastoral as it existed in opposition to the metropolis in fifth-century poetry. Pan's dual nature as both animal and divine explores the delicate balance between chaos and harmony.
Pan had the ability to display a very good speed without getting injured or tired. People believed that he was capable of going between Mount Olympus and Earth whenever he wanted to. He was also able to transform objects into different types of things when he wanted to. Pan is also known to have possessed a good sense of humor. In the modern world, we use the word ‘panic’ which has derived from Pan. This word has derived from a myth related to Pan because he used to have a loud cry during battles. His cry scared away his enemies and they retreated which ultimately resulted in victory. This cry at battle is called Panic.
Faunus is compared to Pan, who is one of the Greek gods according to a Greek historian. Faunus is the name of Roman god when it comes to talking about plains, forests, and fields.
Faunus was a horned god and also was one of the oldest Roman gods. He was from the group named ‘di indigetes’, which includes the goddesses and gods who did not come from any other mythological sources. In ancient writings, the Roman god of the forest was described very differently. Faunus was related to the population of Arcadia, where the worship of Pan began. He was also believed to be a god of prophecy. People had the belief that Faunus could reveal their future in their dreams. People who used to sleep on the ground or around fleeces of lambs had these kinds of visions.
When the Ancient Romans prayed to Faunus, they simultaneously prayed to the goddess Fauna (or Fatua), who shared some of his characteristics. She was his wife in some tales, but she was also his sister in others. Aside from Fauna, Latinus is also recognized as the son of Faunus, a nymph named Marica with whom he had a kid. Faunus was sometimes depicted as an elderly king who was raised to become a divinity associated with the region after his death. He was associated with agriculture and cattle breeding, for which he was known as Innus in some areas.
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