43 South America Geography Facts: Here's All That You Need To Know | Kidadl


43 South America Geography Facts: Here's All That You Need To Know

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South America is a continent that is known to be the greenest.

The lungs of the earth, which are called the Amazon rainforest, are situated in South America. The most famous country on the continent is Brazil.

South America's geographical location is quite interesting to know about. There are many facts about the geographical location of South America that may surprise you. This means you can find different types of landmasses here in South America.

South America is considered the home of the two of the largest countries in the whole world. Also, the geography of South America has been dominated by the Andres mountain range and also the world’s second-largest river, which is the Amazon river. South America is bordered by the Atlantic ocean from the east and the Pacific Ocean from the west, which is primarily located in the southern hemisphere.

It is interesting to note that South America has a geologic structure of dissymmetric parts. The western portion is majorly covered by the tallest mountain Andes, while the eastern portion is divided by the Amazon basin. The geography of South America has a great range of elevation that brings out diversity in the ecological and climatic zones. We cannot deny the fact that this climatic fluctuation is one of the prominent characteristics of South America. There are more than 20 world heritage sites in South America and the continent is filled with architectural wonders, national parks, and colonial centers apart from the rainforests, glacial lakes, mountains, and wetland ecosystem. One of the most popular heritage sites is in Peru. Yes, we're talking about the Machu Picchu. Inca Ruins is probably on everyone's travel bucket list. Similarly, Galapagos Islands in Ecuador are popular for their unique ecosystem.

Names Of Countries In South America

South America is a greatly diversified continent with mixed ethnicity. There are a total of 12 countries in the continent of South America.

  • These 12 countries have their beauty that makes South America a great place.
  • The 12 countries of South America are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
  • Apart from these 12 countries, there are three territories in South America.
  • The Falkland Islands and the South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands are called the Dependant territories.
  • There is one internal territory, which is called French Guiana.
  • Chile and Argentina are the most developed countries in South America.

How do geography and climate affect ways of life in South America?

So while we are talking about the geography of South America, it is well known that this country has a mixed landmass.

  • You can find the coastal regions, highlands, grasslands, plateaus, and mountains in South America.
  • Also, South America is divided into four climatic regions such as the tropical, temperate, arid, and cold.
  • For example, Sao Paulo enjoys a temperate climate.
  • The warmest in Sao Paulo is in the month of February.
  • On the other hand, Rio De Janeiro has a tropical climate.
  • One interesting fact about Rio de Janeiro is that there are only two seasons here: warm and humid.
South America's geographical location is quite interesting

Does South American geography affect its economy?

South American Geography speaks so much about its potential and the continent is home to huge biodiversity by nature.

  • Geography seems to affect the economic policy choices here.
  • There are many geographic regions that have high population densities.
  • Anyone can easily see that south America has diverse agricultural products.
  • The list includes vast mineral wealth and plentiful freshwater.
  • The unequal distribution of population also contributes to the change in economic resource usage.
  • For example, cocoa-growing areas in South America attract substantial in-migration.
  • South America also has rich fisheries and ports on three different bodies of water, which are the Caribbean Sea, Atlantic ocean, and the Pacific Ocean.
  • That’s why the continent’s economy is centered on the export of natural resources.
  • The export business also plays the main role in the economy of South America, especially for many aspects of its development.
  • Some very important cash crops, coffee and cacao, are dealt with in this export worldwide.
  • You should know that Brazil is the world’s largest exporter of cacao.

The Four Main Geographical Regions Found In South America

The main four geographical regions which are found in South America are as follows.

  • The list includes the coasts and the islands, the Andes mountains, the Guiana highlands, and the angel falls, and the last main one is the amazon river lowlands.
  • Brazil covers 47.3% of the land area.
  • Brazil is practically half the continent's population.
  • The above-given divisions are the remaining countries and territories.
  • The continent also includes some nearby islands.
  • The island countries in the Caribbean are usually grouped as North American subregions.
  • Areas like the Aves Island and Santa Catalina, usually administered by Venezuela and Colombia are parts of South American countries politically speaking.
  • Naturally, there are several islands in these subregions.
  • The continent has an isolated volcanic island.
  • This Ascension Island is geopolitically, a part of Africa.
  • A volcanic island administered by Norway shares territory with South America.

Fun Facts About South America's Geography

Some of the amazing and fun facts about the geography of South America are as follows.

  • One of the amazing fun facts is that the amazon river is the longest river in the world and is present in South America.
  • Did you know that the Amazon forest is the largest natural rainforest in the whole world?
  • The second fun fact is that the driest place on the earth is the Atacama desert and it is in Chile, South America.
  • The third one is about the beautiful Angel Falls in Venezuela. It is the tallest waterfall in the world. Also, let us not forget the Andes mountain, which is the longest continental mountain range in the whole world.
  • Last but not least, this fact is about Ushuaia, in Argentina, which is commonly regarded as the southernmost city in the world and is popular for being the gateway to Antarctica.
  • South America is a diverse continent, partly in the western hemisphere and mostly in the southern hemisphere and with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere.
  • From the Andes Mountains, Angel Falls, Atacama Desert to Brazilian Highlands, Amazon Rainforest, and the Falkland Islands, everything here is simply fascinating.
  • Being the fourth largest continent, and a part of the western hemisphere, the geography of the South American continent is definitely something to talk about.
  • All South American countries have something to offer to the beauty of their geography.
  • For example, the Andes Mountain range is the longest mountain range and this continental longest mountain range is the western coast of the continent.
  • Likewise, Chile has the Atacama Dessert that is popular as the driest nonpolar desert in the world.
  • Atacama desert is the only area to receive comparatively less precipitation than any polar desert.
  • We cannot forget how Lake Titicaca has the best freshwater lake in the Andes.
  • Being on the borders of Peru and Bolivia, Lake Titicaca is the world's highest navigable lake at 12,507 ft (3,812.3m).
  • Speaking of the longest river, with a giant arc of 1700 mi (2735.9 km), we have the Orinoco River in the Parima Mountains.
  • You might also not want to miss out on the Parana River and the Tocantins River.
  • As such, Amazon River Basin occupies most of central and east South America and is one of the popular river basins.
  • Amazon basin is the largest watershed in the entire world. Amazon is a huge attraction on this continent.
  • The Amazon Rainforest covers nine nations within the borders, and a section of the forest was flooded by the Caribbean Sea several times.

<p>She is a highly skilled professional with six years of experience in writing and a Bachelor's degree in Mathematics from PSG College of Arts and Science. In addition to her professional experience, she has also been actively involved in volunteer work, particularly with children for organizations such as the Spartans Association for Youth and as an ambassador for the Charter for Compassion. With her experience in both writing and volunteer work, Sri Dhanya is a well-rounded professional who brings a unique perspective and diverse skillset to any project she works on.</p>

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