Fun Hognose Snake Facts For Kids

Moumita Dutta
Jan 05, 2023 By Moumita Dutta
Originally Published on Aug 05, 2021
Edited by Jacob Fitzbright
Fact-checked by Yashvee Patel
Hognose snake facts provide knowledge to kids.
Age: 3-18
Read time: 4.6 Min

Hognose snake (Heterodon genus) of order Squamata, family Colubridae is the collective name for all species of the family. This is the largest snake family to exist with hundreds of genera in it.

They get the name because of their upturned snout. The eastern hognose snake is also called puff adder because when it feels threatened, it acts like a cobra by raising its head.

Hognose snakes are endemic snake species in North America. Although a large number of subgenera are present under the Colubridae family of hognose snakes, most of them have similar patterns in habitat preferences.

Hognose snakes used to exist in large numbers but now are threatened by human activities. If you are interested to know more about the different species of hognose snakes, then continue reading these wonderful western hognose snake facts, and eastern hognose snake facts.

Check out the articles on green anaconda and rattlesnake facts too

Hognose Snake Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a hognose snake?

Hognose snakes are all the snakes that belong to the Colubridae family and genus Heterodon.

What class of animal does a hognose snake belong to?

Hognose snakes are reptiles with upturned snouts. Hence, they belong to the class Reptilia.

How many hognose snake are there in the world?

The overall population of western hognose snakes is fewer than 100,000 but it is not evaluated in the case of eastern hognose snakes.

Where does a hognose snake live?

The different species are found in various parts of North America. For example, the eastern hognose snakes (Heterodon platirhinos) are distributed in places like eastern and central Minnesota, Canada, southern Ontario, Wisconsin, southern Florida, western Kansas, and from west to east in Texas.

The range of western hognose snakes extends from northern Mexico to southern Canada and from Colorado in the west to Illinois in the east.

What is a hognose snake's habitat?

The most preferred hognose snakes habitat includes areas with sandy soils. The reason behind choosing sandy soil is that they can dig burrows to search for food. Other than that they are also found in North American farmlands, woodlands, prairies, and coastal areas.

Who do hognose snakes live with?

Single hognose snakes are found alone in burrows while in captivity they live with their masters.

How long does a hognose snake live?

In captivity, hognose snakes can live for a span of 15-20 years while in the wild they live for nine-19 years.

How do they reproduce?

Male snakes approach a female to mate by scent marking. They reproduce by internalized fertilization. The western hognose snakes mate between February to March June and August while the eastern ones mate between April to May April and July. The former ones lay fewer eggs than the latter.

What is their conservation status?

Both species the eastern hognose snake (Heterodon platirhinos) and the western hognose snake (Heterodon nasicus) are enlisted as species of Least Concern by the IUCN Red List.

Hognose Snake Fun Facts

What do hognose snake look like?

Colubridae family facts about hognose snake

The upturned snout helps hognose snakes to dig into the sand to find food. The colors in hognose snakes vary a lot.

Some of the common colors that are observed in different species of the snake are yellow, brown, and black. Sand-colored species have black and white markings on its body. The upper jaw contains strong teeth also known as rear fangs.

Female eastern hognose snakes have a tapered tail which has a blunt end in the case of males. The female tail is also a bit longer than the males.

How cute are they?

Among all snakes, hognose snakes are a bit different looking because of their upturned snouts. This is also a reason for being a favorite cute morph of so many people.

How do they communicate?

The snakes mainly communicate by hissing. They raise their head and neck before hissing. This phenomenon of raising the head and neck has gained them the name puff adder.

How big is a hognose snake?

The eastern hognose snake is longer than a western hognose snake. The length of the former is around 17.7-41.3 in (45-105 cm) while the latter's length ranges from 14.2-36.6 in (36-93 cm) from the head to the tail.

How fast can a hognose snake move?

Hognose snakes crawl with their body to move and they rarely swim. They can move fast or slow according to their choice and do not have any particular speed range.

How much does a hognose snake weigh?

The western hognose snake's weight varies from 2.8-12.3 oz (80-350 g) and the eastern hognose snake also weighs under 1 lb (453.6 gm).

What are their male and female names of the species?

The species of hognose snakes do not have any specific name for the males and the females. All of them are called hognose snakes.

What would you call a baby hognose snake?

Like all snakes, the hognose snake's babies will be called snakelets.

What do they eat?

The favorite meal of hognose snakes is toads. They also eat other animals apart from toads like frogs, mice, eggs of birds and lizards, and bugs. They catch toads, frogs, and others animals using the rear fangs.

Are they poisonous?

Hognose snakes are not harmful so they are taken to be nonvenomous. Mild venom might pass if bitten.

Would they make a good pet?

They make excellent pets among the snakes. Hognose snakes are playful and good companions.

Did you know...

Hognose snakes are diurnal in nature.

The practice of playing dead is also a very interesting feature about them.

Eastern vs. Western hognose snake

The eastern and the western hognose snakes show very little dissimilarity. Some of them are like differences in their ranges and eating habits. The eastern one can perform thanatosis (playing dead).

Having Your Own Hognose Snake

Hognose snakes are easy to handle and handling a western hognose snake is one of the easiest. These picky eaters will easily adapt to the domestic environment once they start eating regularly. Hognose snake bites are also painless and only result in scratches.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other reptiles including the frilled lizard and the coral snake.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one of our Hognose snake coloring pages.

Hognose Snake Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Toads, frogs, mice, birds eggs, lizards eggs, bugs

What Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?

Eastern hognose snakes:4-69 Western hognose snakes: 4-23

How Much Did They Weigh?

2.8-12.3 oz (80-350 g)

What habitat Do they Live In?

sandy soil, woodland, grassland

Where Do They Live?

north america

How Long Were They?

Eastern hognose snakes: 17.7-41.3 in (45-105 cm)Western hognose snakes: 14.2-36.6 in (36-93 cm)‍

How Tall Were They?








Scientific Name

Eastern hognose snakes- Heterodon platirhinos Western hognose snakes-Heterodon nasicus

What Do They Look Like?

Black, gray, yellow, brown

Skin Type


What Are Their Main Threats?


What is their Conservation Status?

Least Concern
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Written by Moumita Dutta

Bachelor of Arts specializing in Journalism and Mass Communication, Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Management

Moumita Dutta picture

Moumita DuttaBachelor of Arts specializing in Journalism and Mass Communication, Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Management

A content writer and editor with a passion for sports, Moumita has honed her skills in producing compelling match reports and stories about sporting heroes. She holds a degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Calcutta University, alongside a postgraduate diploma in Sports Management.

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Fact-checked by Yashvee Patel

Bachelor of Business Management

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Yashvee PatelBachelor of Business Management

Yashvee has won awards for both her writing and badminton skills. She holds a business administration honors degree and has previously interned with social media clients and worked on content for an international student festival. Yashvee has excelled in academic competitions, ranking in the top 100 in the Unified International English Olympiad and placing second in an essay-writing competition. Additionally, she has won the inter-school singles badminton title for two consecutive years.

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