How Do Parakeets Mate? Learn About Pairing Your Pet Parakeet

Anamika Balouria
Mar 04, 2023 By Anamika Balouria
Originally Published on Oct 26, 2021
Fact-checked by Pradhanya Rao
Two parakeets resting on a tree trunk.

Parakeets are an adorable and beautiful parrot species that are well known for their mating behavior, along with their different, colorful feathers.

In America, parakeets are usually referred to as budgerigars, which are known to be a species of parakeets. They are known to have multiple genera with beautiful long tails and colorful feathers.

While reading about parakeets, you might even encounter these birds with older spellings spelled as paroquet or paraquet. The name parakeet has been taken from the French word 'perroquet', which means 'parrot' in pseudo-francism and in French is 'perruche'. These beautiful wildlife birds and cage birds are known to breed during the summer and spring seasons.

Both parents are equally responsible for taking care of chicks in the nesting box. Females eat whatever is regurgitated by the male bird.

If they breed before reaching their sexual age, then the breeding might fail. So, it is important for budgies to attain the right age in order to breed. The male and female generally end up showing different gestures before mating, such as singing, beak touching, head bobbing, and swelling in the cloaca which is more evident in females.

Male parakeets bring their cloaca close to the female parakeet's cloaca. In this manner, internal fertilization occurs when sperm is deposited into the female. Eggs are laid throughout the year in three to four clutches with each clutch size ranging from three to four eggs.

Eggs of budgies should not be disturbed as the female might get anxious and nervous, which could cause them to destroy their own eggs. Chicks hatch out of eggs after five weeks. The amount of time might vary depending upon the environment.

If you enjoy reading this article about budgies' mating behavior, then do read some surprising and interesting fun facts about how do birds mate and how fast do hummingbirds fly. 

Do parakeets mate for life?

Parakeets, also known as budgies in America, are a beautiful parrot species known for their beautiful colored feathers and breeding condition. The breeding of a male and female budgie bird is generally believed to eventually begin during the wet spring and summer season.

The process of breeding or the nesting period might vary in a few cases. Several times, healthy budgies have been found breeding during this period.

Budgies are known to show different signs when they are ready to mate. In pairs of a male and female, signs are different and these birds could produce certain sounds.

Parakeets do not mate for life, but budgies that breed together do take care of eggs and new fledglings together. It is also believed by many breeders that this species might mate with multiple partners if they are given the opportunity to mate with other female parakeets. A female parakeet could also do the same as her male counterparts.

The parakeet is known to take care of its partner during the nesting period and take care of eggs as best as it can. If the female parakeet feels nervous or if her eggs are disturbed, you might watch her destroying the nest as well as her eggs.

These birds may also begin to destroy the nest and eggs if the female is inexperienced or if the size of the cage is too small.

How often do parakeets mate?

A male and female parakeet mating happens multiple times during the breeding season which occurs during the spring or summer season.

The breeding condition of budgies plays an important role in budgie mating. They prefer to mate in the nesting box away from aviary mates. Once the female accepts the male gestures, she will advance towards the male and show her vent or cloaca.

All a budgie needs is proper care such as plenty of water, food, daylight, and a good nest box or large cage. They show some signs of when they will mate.

In the wild, budgies will mate only when their basic requirements are fulfilled. If you keep a budgie bird as a pet, you might notice that the male and female will perch close to each other. It takes time for these budgie birds to choose their partners from the group.

It is uncertain whether or not all parakeets mate. When they reach their maturity age of 6-12 months, however, the majority of them mate with the female counterpart when they bond together.

If males are successful in finding their females, they will produce new chicks. They make a family together with equal contributions. Mating only becomes successful when they have reached the age of maturity.

The male can be seen above the female budgie bird and they will be close to each other at the tail area. The breeder selects pairs and secludes them from the rest of the group. Otherwise, leaving them in the group can lead to mating with multiple partners, which affects the egg-laying of the female.

How old do parakeets have to be to mate?

Budgies become mature sexually by the age of six months. Most breeders believe that mating should take place when the bird is one year old.

Budgies can breed when they are one year old until they are four years old for females and six years for males. Sometimes when these birds mate their mating is unsuccessful.

The reason behind this is their lack of maturity or age and lack of experience. If budgies are not mature enough, they will not be able to lay eggs and the breeding fails.

The reproductive system of budgies is known to mature by the age of one year. Sometimes breeding at six months is successful, but in the end, the female's immaturity to hatch eggs could end up killing their babies.

The male budgie bird is equally at fault, as many times he fails in his feeding attempts. For chicks to grow successfully, both parents have to be equally responsible; otherwise, they fail to make a family. Generally, from six months old, the pair is ready for breeding, but there are chances of it failing after eggs are laid.

How long after parakeets mate do they lay eggs?

Females have been found to lay eggs as early as the very next day after mating.

The clutch size of the mother varies from three to eight eggs. Parakeets can breed all year round in cycles and in a year they might produce three to four clutches.

While females lay eggs, the pair should be kept away from the aviary in a nest box. The nesting box for female budgie birds is a must; otherwise, they could end up destroying the eggs.

The mating of budgies takes place several times a day. The female bird will sometimes lay eggs in the nest the very next day after mating.

One egg is laid in a time interval of two to three days, and the process goes on for weeks until all eggs are hatched.

The cage of the mother bird should be large enough for her to lay eggs and fly in. Chicks hatch after five weeks on average, and until that nesting period, the bonded pair can be seen taking care of each other and their healthy chicks.

Males feed the female by regurgitating food and in the same way chicks of the pair are fed. Breeders also call the female a hen.

If you notice that the hen takes more than a few hours to lay eggs on the cage floor, then you must immediately take her to a veterinarian that is knowledgeable with birds. This might be related to complications with the hen while laying an egg.

How do you know when parakeets are ready to mate?

Before breeding, budgie bird pairs show different signs, such as they perch close to each other, the male will reply to sound calls of females, the male will be seen preening females' feathers, and there may be certain color changes above their beak.

The pairs show different signs before the breeding begins. The color of the cere changes in both budgies. In males, the color of the cere turns blue, while in females, the cere turns brown.

These blue and brown colors are an indication that your pet might be ready to breed. You may also notice the cloaca under their tail might swell, and this specifically happens during the breeding season. Females are more prone to swelling.

Males are seen preening females, and they feed each other more frequently in the cage if kept as a pet pair. The head bobbing, beak touching, and singing together are further signs that the pair is bonding. The female spends more time sitting in the cage nest and discarding the waste material from the nesting box.

Can parakeets mate if there is no nest?

Yes, parakeets can breed together even if there is no nest.

For mating, they just need a secluded place away from the aviary. For the nesting period and their chicks, they need a nest.

No nest or any other material is required for them to mate, except budgies need to be the correct age and in good health. If they are mature enough to begin breeding, they will no doubt be successful if not intruded upon by humans.

Often, these birds will destroy their own eggs if their nest is disturbed by humans. So, the size of the cage and nest box with the correct amount of daylight and darkness should be the utmost priority for breeders who are trying to make them breed in artificial environments.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for how do parakeets mate, then why not take a look at how do owls sleep, or slaty-headed parakeet fun facts for kids?

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Written by Anamika Balouria

Bachelor of Arts specializing in English, Bachelor of Education specializing in Secondary Education and Teaching, Master of Arts specializing in English

Anamika Balouria picture

Anamika BalouriaBachelor of Arts specializing in English, Bachelor of Education specializing in Secondary Education and Teaching, Master of Arts specializing in English

A dedicated and enthusiastic learner, Anamika is committed to the growth and development of her team and organization. She holds undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in English from Daulat Ram University and Indira Gandhi Institute for Open Learning respectively, as well as a Bachelor of Education from Amity University, Noida. Anamika is a skilled writer and editor with a passion for continual learning and development.
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Fact-checked by Pradhanya Rao

Bachelor of Commerce specializing in Marketing and HR

Pradhanya Rao picture

Pradhanya RaoBachelor of Commerce specializing in Marketing and HR

With a Bachelor’s degree in Commerce from Christ University, Bangalore, Pradhanya's passion for the English language and literature led her to explore the field of content writing, where she has gained extensive experience in writing, reviewing, editing, and fact-checking. She has also earned certifications in Google Ads Search, Google Ads Display, and Social Media Marketing, showcasing her proficiency in digital marketing.

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