Fun Rainbow Runner Facts For Kids

Devangana Rathore
Oct 20, 2022 By Devangana Rathore
Originally Published on Aug 06, 2021
Edited by Monisha Kochhar
Fact-checked by Gowri Rao
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There are so many fun rainbow runner facts to know and learn about! Which one of these is your favorite?

How many fun, sprightly fish do you know? The rainbow runner is one of them, and with the rainbow runner, fishing becomes easier than ever!

Worried about your tackle and catch? Don't be, because this small, colorful fish will make your fishing experience better with its bright colors, and movement which is just about enough to attract even the most skeptical of fish in the water.

If you do go looking for these fish and want to catch them to use as tackle, then make sure you know their migration cycles. Unlike many other fishes used to catch fish while fishing, rainbow runner fishing is made more complicated by the lack of research about them, their constant migration, and swift swimming speed.

However, thanks to constant efforts to study this fish there is still a lot you can learn about rainbow runner fishing!

Do you want to know more? Then continue ahead! Want to look at some other fish instead? Then do check out the walleye fish and the swai fish.

Rainbow Runner Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a rainbow runner?

The rainbow runner, Elagatis bipinnulata, is a type of fish.

What class of animal does a rainbow runner belong to?

Rainbow runners belong to the class of fish.

How many rainbow runners are there in the world?

The global population of the rainbow runner is unclear due to a lack of studies.

Where does a rainbow runner live?

The rainbow runner (Spanish Jack) lives in the ocean.  

What is a rainbow runner's habitat?

The species can be found in both offshore and coastal places throughout the world's tropical and subtropical waters. The runner (rainbow) or the Spanish Jack is mostly pelagic, with its habitat in the upper 538.1 ft (164 m) of the water column, occasionally close to shore over rocks and coral reef systems, but sometimes far offshore.

The fish is known to come near to shore on occasion and to spend short periods of time in lagoons.

Who do rainbow runners live with?

Rainbow runners belong to the Jack family and frequently form schools of varying sizes, ranging from very few to several hundred individuals. The rainbow runner fish is also a migratory species. The larger rainbow runners usually swim alone, making it more difficult to locate them.

How long does a rainbow runner live?

Although there is little information on the lifespan of rainbow runners, the maximum age known for this game fish is six years.

How do they reproduce?

Although fish living in seas warmer than 80.6°F (27°C) spawn all year, the rainbow runner is known to spawn from spring to early autumn. Seasonal peaks are visible even though year-round breeding happens.

Fish that are mostly found in the western Pacific Ocean exhibit such maxima in May and December–January. The fish is oviparous, meaning it lays eggs and larvae in the ocean.

What is their conservation status?

The conservation status of the rainbow runner (Hawaiian Salmon) is in the Least Concern category as declared by the IUCN Red List.

Rainbow Runner Fun Facts

What does a rainbow runner look like?

Rainbow runners are known for the seven bright hues that reflect off their bodies when light strikes them. Rainbow runners, however, appear to be crystal blue in poor illumination.

The top body is a dark olive blue to a green that fades to white beneath the arms. Two short light blue to bluish-white stripes extend lengthwise along the edges, separated by a wider olive to yellow stripe.

Its dorsal and anal fins are short, yet they run the length of their back. On the other hand, the dorsal fin begins near the half of the body, while the anal fin begins a little later.

The dorsal fin, on the other hand, appears to be split into two parts: one major fin and a small finlet near the base of the sharply forked tailfin. The rainbow runner's fins seem to be mostly yellow.

The bodies of these subtropical waters fishes are usually compressed and deep.

How cute are they?

The body of this sport fish is torpedo-shaped with bright colors like blue, green, yellow makes them one of the cutest fish.

How do they communicate?

Due to scarce information, the rainbow runner's communication capabilities are unavailable.

How big is a rainbow runner?

The average length range of rainbow runner fish is 42-47 in (107-120 cm). While the king salmon or chinook fish is the biggest salmon and grows up to 58 in (147.3 cm). A rainbow runner fish is smaller than a chinook.

How fast can a rainbow runner swim?

Since rainbow runners of the Jack family are torpedo-shaped, they can swim fast and with little resistance in the ocean water.

How much does a rainbow runner weigh?

Usually, the weight range of rainbow runners is around 15-20 lb (6.8-16.8 kg). However, there was a record of a rainbow runner weighing up to 37 lb 9 oz (16.2 kg). The average weight of the king salmon is 30.9 lb (14 kg). Most anglers catch rainbow runners that weigh less than 15 lb (6.8 kg).

What are the male and female names of the species?

The Hawaiian Salmon (rainbow runner) males and females have no distinguished name.

What would you call a baby rainbow runner?

The runner rainbow baby does not have any special name.

What do they eat?

Rainbow runners are excellent swimmers and have no trouble grabbing their diet. Rainbow runners are known to be fussy eaters, and they are occasionally caught by mistake when they go for bait intended for other fish species.

Rainbow runners have been found to devour a range of small fishes, such as shrimp, crabs, and cephalopods like inkfish. Rainbow runners will only select a prey which is smaller than them.

Are they poisonous?

These rainbow yellowtail fish are not toxic. However, if you are looking for fish to be wary of, make sure you steer clear of venomous fish like the stonefish!

Would they make a good pet?

There is no information about the captivity of this fish.

Did you know...

The rainbow runner a popular game fish. They're known for being fearless fighters.

Rainbow runners are a frequent oceanic marine fish species that make great bait. They're known for being gamefish, especially when they're bigger. The species is also often employed as bait for larger species like Billfish, either as live bait or dead bait prepared to be trolled following sport boats.

Rainbow runners are surface-dwelling fish that can be captured by trolling or throwing shiny spoons, feathered jigs, or live bait like shrimp or small fish. Anglers frequently recommend sliced bait for rainbow runner fishing. Surface popping lures are used by some anglers to catch this species.

The surface popping lures jump over the water as if it were a different species of fish. Rainbow runners are known to be piscivorous, so they'll look more closely at the lures. To catch this fish people use heavy tackle equipment.

Do humans eat them?

Rainbow runner fish are both beautiful to look at and delicious to eat. Rainbow runners are said to taste like salmon. Many people, however, use it to produce sashimi. This fish is a high-quality food that may be eaten in a variety of ways.

Some people like theirs salted and dried. Others eat them raw, like sushi. The small rainbow runner can also be used as live bait for catching other game fish. They are, in fact, ideal bait for the black marlin and striped marlin.

Rainbow runners are frequently captured when people go out fishing for tuna, despite the fact that these are not commercial species. They're known for being gamefish, especially when they're bigger.

Do they bite?

Rainbow runner fish are not poisonous and no biting cases have been recorded.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other fish from our vaquita facts and lungfish facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable rainbow runner coloring pages.

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Written by Devangana Rathore

Bachelor of Arts specializing in English Language, Master of Philosophy

Devangana Rathore picture

Devangana RathoreBachelor of Arts specializing in English Language, Master of Philosophy

Devangana is a highly accomplished content writer and a deep thinker with a Master's degree in Philosophy from Trinity College, Dublin. With a wealth of experience in copywriting, she has worked with The Career Coach in Dublin and is constantly looking to enhance her skills through online courses from some of the world's leading universities. Devangana has a strong background in computer science and is also an accomplished editor and social media manager. Her leadership skills were honed during her time as the literacy society president and student president at the University of Delhi.

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Fact-checked by Gowri Rao

Bachelor of Arts specializing in Economics

Gowri Rao picture

Gowri RaoBachelor of Arts specializing in Economics

With a bachelor's degree in Economics from Krea University, Gowri is a highly skilled data analyst and an expert in regression and causation modeling. Her interests in economic trends, finance, and investment research complement her professional expertise. In addition to her professional pursuits, Gowri enjoys swimming, running, and playing the drums, and she is also a talented tutor.

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