Fun Ten-lined June Beetle Facts For Kids

Moumita Dutta
Oct 20, 2022 By Moumita Dutta
Originally Published on Aug 05, 2021
Edited by Jacob Fitzbright
Fact-checked by Yashvee Patel
Ten-lined June beetle facts for kids are interesting to read

Ten-lined June beetles belong to the Scarabaeidae family of the Insecta class. They are known worldwide for the unique linear patterns on their wings.

These bugs have poor eyesight, however, adult watermelon beetles are very much attracted to lights. Their habit of getting attracted to lights makes it easier to catch them using tools like a backlight cage and more. They are native to the Northern hemisphere, and widely found in Canada, and the northern and western parts of the United States.

These beetles feed on the leaves and roots of trees. They very much like to drink juices from raspberries and grapefruits. They are considered enemies of trees, as they can decay trees they feed on. They can remain in their larvae state for four years. On the other hand, adults live less than a year.

To learn more, we have collected a set of interesting facts about ten-lined June beetles for you to read. You can also learn more about fascinating wild animals and insects by reading up more articles on the longhorn beetle and the soldier beetle.

Ten-Lined June Beetle Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a ten-lined June beetle?

A ten-lined June beetle (Polyphylla decemlineata) is a scarab beetle, from the Polyphylla genus of the Scarabaeidae family. They are popularly known as the watermelon beetle and the June bug.

What class of animal does a ten-lined June beetle belong to?

The ten-lined June beetle belongs to the Insecta class of the Animalia kingdom.

How many ten-lined June beetle are there in the world?

As they are very small insects, with a vast range. Hence, it is extremely difficult to have an exact estimate of their population.

Where does a ten-lined June beetle live?

They are found throughout the northern and western United States, and Canada as well. They are spotted in the states of Kansas, Arizona, California, Nebraska, and Nevada. They are largely available, especially in the state of Colorado.

What is a ten-lined June beetle's habitat?

These beetles live on farmlands, shrublands, and forests. They are known as agricultural pests. larvae live in the soil and feed on plant roots.

Who do ten-lined June beetle live with?

They are solitary insects. However, they form a breeding pair right before the mating season.

How long does a ten-lined June beetle live?

They can remain in their larvae state for three or four years. After emerging out from the soil as an adult, they live for less than a year.

How do they reproduce?

They are named 'June Beetles' as the adults emerge from the soil in the month of June. When female June beetles emerge from the soil, they eject pheromones to attract male June beetles.

After mating, the female June beetle hides in the soil. They lay their eggs around 5-14 in (12.7-35.6 cm) deep in the soil. They lay about 60-70 eggs. The grubs hatch out of their eggs after two and half weeks. The grubs then take shelter underground for about the next two years.

What is their conservation status?

The ten-lined June beetle species is not listed in the International Union For Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.

Ten-Lined June Beetle Fun Facts

What do ten-lined June beetle look like?

Ten-lined June beetles are frequently found on the roots of the dead trees.

This species of beetle are easily identified by four white lines on their elytra. They possess antennas with lamellate plates. In appearance, they are typically blackish and reddish-brown.

How cute are they?

This species of beetle appear stunning and cute due to the special linear patterns on its wings.

How do they communicate?

Researchers have found that most of these beetles have poor eyesight. Along with sound and vibration, they use pheromones as a medium to communicate, especially while forming a pair.

How big is a ten-lined June beetle?

These bugs are typically 0.9-1.2 in (22-30 mm) in length. With proper nutrition, the grubs can grow up to 2 in (5 cm). They are nearly half the size of Hercules beetles.

How fast can ten-lined June beetle move?

Similar to other beetles, the ten-lined June beetle can move and fly with great speed. However, the exact speed at which they move is not yet known.

How much does a ten-lined June beetle weigh?

Being such tiny creatures, the exact body weight of their species is unknown.

What are their male and female names of the species?

There are no particular names given to male and female beetles.

What would you call a baby ten-lined June beetle?

Baby June beetles are simply called 'larvae'. They can grow up to 2 in (5 cm) and are white in color.

What do they eat?

The June bug primarily feeds on plant-based foods such as the leaves of walnut trees, oak trees, and plant roots. Any plant roots that these grubs consume will decay as a result. They are categorized as agricultural pests and seen as trees' enemies.

Are they harmful?

These bugs are frequently searched for on Google under the phrases 'ten-lined June beetle bite' and 'ten-lined June beetle poisonous'. They are neither deadly nor venomous, in actuality. However, because they can decompose any plant they eat, farmers and gardeners view them as harmful.

Would they make a good pet?

Beetles can be good pets, as they are very calm and easy to maintain. There are a good number of people who keep beetles of various species as pets.

Did you know...

As they are a nuisance in the garden, gardeners can use any type of non-liquid insecticide, containing carbaryl, to get rid of them.

During warmer evenings in spring, adult watermelon beetles tend to move towards lights, even more than usual.

Costs And Benefits of Ten-Lined June Beetle

There are two types of beetles, carnivorous and herbivorous. The carnivorous beetles can reduce the population of other undesired insects. However, as the watermelon beetles are herbivorous, they can't help in reducing other harmful insects. On the other hand, they can decay plants pretty easily, as they feed on plants. Apart from that, they are very calm-natured.

How long do ten-lined June beetle stay out?

These beetles can remain in the larval state for up to four years. During winter, they go deep under the soil, and after three weeks the adult watermelon beetles emerge from the soil. They stay out for nearly a year, as these adult watermelon beetles live less than a year.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other arthropods including the eastern Hercules beetle and the atlas beetle.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one of our beetle coloring pages.

Ten-lined June beetle Facts

What Did They Prey On?


What Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?


How Much Did They Weigh?


What habitat Do they Live In?

farmlands, grasslands, and forests

Where Do They Live?

canada, northern and western united states

How Long Were They?

0.8-1.2 in (22-30 mm)

How Tall Were They?








Scientific Name

Polyphylla decemlineata

What Do They Look Like?

Blackish and Reddish brown

Skin Type


What Are Their Main Threats?


What is their Conservation Status?

Not Evaluated
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Written by Moumita Dutta

Bachelor of Arts specializing in Journalism and Mass Communication, Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Management

Moumita Dutta picture

Moumita DuttaBachelor of Arts specializing in Journalism and Mass Communication, Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Management

A content writer and editor with a passion for sports, Moumita has honed her skills in producing compelling match reports and stories about sporting heroes. She holds a degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Calcutta University, alongside a postgraduate diploma in Sports Management.

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Fact-checked by Yashvee Patel

Bachelor of Business Management

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Yashvee PatelBachelor of Business Management

Yashvee has won awards for both her writing and badminton skills. She holds a business administration honors degree and has previously interned with social media clients and worked on content for an international student festival. Yashvee has excelled in academic competitions, ranking in the top 100 in the Unified International English Olympiad and placing second in an essay-writing competition. Additionally, she has won the inter-school singles badminton title for two consecutive years.

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