Astronaut John Glenn Biography: Third American In Space | Kidadl


Astronaut John Glenn Biography: Third American In Space

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Many Americans know John Glenn as an aviator, astronaut, politician, and engineer.

A NASA astronaut, John Hershchel Glenn Jr., was the third American in space who excelled in a spaceship, politics, and engineering. The first American to trail through the orbit of  Earth, Glenn is titled as the oldest to have soared to space to this date.

He had his schooling from New Concord and had a Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering from Muskingum University. He also received an honorary Doctorate of Science Degree in Engineering.   Son of Ohio, Glenn was born on July 18, 1921. He passed away on December 8, 2016, at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Centre in Columbus, when he was 85, after being gifted numerous achievements adding to the glory of his motherland. John Glenn School in Minnesota and John Glenn College of Public Affairs in Ohio are excelling centers of education that pay homage to him while imparting quality education to the students.

Here are a few astounding facts about this notable personality who created records and rewrote history. Afterward, also check astronaut facts and astronaut Jemison.

Military Career

With an esteemed combat career as a marine aviator, John Glenn made applaudable contributions during the Second World War and the Korean War. When the contributions made by Glenn are often unnoticed, his biography by Alan Shepard highlights his commendable achievements.

After the Pearl Harbour incident, Glenn tried to align with the Army Airforce but could make it to Naval Aviation Cadet. In the uniforms of a Marine Corp, he was sent to the South Pacific. He kicked off his military career by flying R4D, the Navy's version of the C47 Skytrain. From R4D to F4U Corsair, John H Glenn was striding leaps in the combat missions around the Marshall Islands. John was then to lead the patrols in China after he got assigned to the reserve fighter squadron of VMF-218.

When the Korean War flared up, Glenn Jr. had not only treaded as an instructor but was also a student at the Amphibious Warfare School. He then endeavored with a combat assignment as the Korean War flamed in the early 1950s. He served with the VMF-311, roared with the F9F Panther, and toured with the Air Force's 51st Fighter Wing. His valiance helped him survive shots and attacks throughout the missions. In this phase, he had accompanied 63 missions. Glenn ventured to shoot down three MiGs during the combat along the Yalu River.

Glenn was appointed a test pilot in Project Bullet following the Korean War. In 1957, Glenn piloted a supersonic carrier fighter that spanned the country from Los Angeles to New York in just three hours and 23 minutes, a groundbreaking record that set a transcontinental speed record.

He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his ventures with three gold stars, two oak leaf clusters, and 18 Air Medals. John Herschel Glenn Jr was the first American to orbit the Earth at an average supersonic speed in a space flight. Besides being the first American to orbit the Earth, Glenn recalled being the United States senator after the space race. Glenn was the backup pilot for the Mercury flight. The senate seat and space program, but Glenn flew the flights as Glenn joined the air force during world war ii and helped significantly in World War II.

NASA Career

On October 29, Glenn returned to space on the Space Shuttle. Here are a few facts about John Glenn's career as an astronaut, where he again brought fame to his name with accomplishments over accomplishments. His name cannot be forgotten for the challenged and busted the space myths.

John Herschel Glenn Jr helped found the Astronaut John Glenn Institute for Public Service. In his honor, the NASA space one route, the way to the Johnson space center of the space program, was temporarily renamed to be John J Glenn Jr Parkway.

In 1959, John Glenn was chosen for the first-ever astronaut class of NASA' The Mercury 7' or Mercury astronauts. When Alan Shepard became the first American to ascend to space, Grissom followed, and then Glenn Jr., to be the third American to be in space. In 1962, he became the first to orbit around the Earth. In 1964, Glenn decided to resign from the Manned Spaceflight Centre of NASA.

Though he retired, his career as an astronaut was not destined to end here. After around 36 years, in 1998, John Glenn again drove to space for a space shuttle discovery in the mission of STS-95. At a ripe old age of 77, he spent nine days in Earth's orbit, old enough for an astronaut. This awarded him the title of being the oldest in space.

In January of 1999, he retired from his career as a politician.

Friendship 7 Flight

His unparalleled achievements do not end here. With much higher aspirations that crossed the sky limits, John became the first to orbit the Earth.

Propelled by the Mercury spacecraft, an Atlas Launch Vehicle carried John Jr. to Earth's orbit on February 20, 1962. After being postponed four times due to unfavorable weather and mechanical glitches, he could finally trail through the orbit three times and enable him to stay for over four hours before the spacecraft splashed into the Atlantic ocean. Glenn was soon acclaimed as a national hero for accomplishing this and creating records. He was greeted by then-President John F Kennedy, who later honored him with the Distinguished Service Award.

Political Career

Glenn entered Muskingum College to study chemistry after the new concord. Glenn was offered a vice president of corporate development position.

After resigning from NASA, Glenn served in private business till 1974, where again he strived for success. He continued with this till he got elected in 1974 as the US Senator, after contesting from his home state of Ohio. His election campaigns targeted developments in science, education, and space exploration. Though he tried contesting the Democrats for Presidential elections in 1984, the efforts proved futile.

Senate Career

John Glenn ascended to be the Senior Democratic Senator from Ohio and represented his home state for 25 years until 1999.

Also a chairman of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, he was a politician and representative of people who upheld the virtues and aimed to strengthen the government efficiently. Also a member of the Foreign Relations Committee and Armed Forces Committee, he had his eyes on foreign policies that advocated cordial relations.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created many interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for astronaut John Glenn biography, then why not take a look at Apollo 13 space mission or 1961 space chimp name.

Hemant Oswal
Written By
Hemant Oswal

<p>With global experience in marketing and business development, Hemant is a seasoned professional with a unique perspective. He holds a Bachelor's degree in Commerce from the University of Delhi and a Master's degree in Marketing from The University of Adelaide in Australia. Hemant's work in China, Hong Kong, and Dubai has honed his skills and provided valuable experience. He broadens his understanding of the world through reading non-fiction books and watching documentaries.</p>

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