All animals of the deciduous forest are well-adapted to the changing seasons.
Deciduous forest biome animals include reptiles, birds, spiders, mammals, and insects. These species occur around subtropical, tropical, and temperate forests.
Deciduous forest species, including insects, birds, reptiles, and mammals, enjoy dry tropical forests. Deciduous forest has trees that lose leaves seasonally. Deciduous forests range in location from North America, southern Chile, the eastern coast of Paraguay, Japan, Europe, the United States, eastern China, Canada, New Zealand, southwestern Russia, and southeastern Australia. This biome consists of hardwood trees mixed with yearning, fir, and spruce trees. There are four seasons in the temperate deciduous forest: spring, summer, fall, and winter. Hibernation and migration occur during the deciduous winter season because there is not enough water and sunlight. Animals come out in spring, as trees are greener and the environment gets warmer. The temperate deciduous forests receive 30-60 in (0.76-1.5 m) of precipitation and more than 80 in (2 m) of rainfall occurs in warm sub-tropical deciduous forests. The tropical deciduous forests range in location from south India, the southern coast of Ecuador, and the northern coast of Peru. Animals present here are birds, reptiles, amphibians, and wild cats.
If you enjoyed reading these facts about deciduous forest animals, then make sure to read some more interesting facts about animals that hibernate and animals that live in the jungle here at Kidadl.
Temperate Deciduous Forest Animals
There are over 20 animals living in temperate deciduous forests. Some animals found here are American black bears, American burying beetles, frogs, rabbits, coyotes, beavers, hawks, bobcats, brown bears, raccoons, lemurs, and muskrats.
Features of temperate deciduous forests are varying temperatures, precipitation, and soil. The natural temperate habitat of deciduous forests' biome is across North America, southern Chile, the eastern coast of Paraguay, Japan, Europe, the United States, eastern China, Canada, New Zealand, southwestern Russia, and southeastern Australia. The visible type of vegetation gives it the name deciduous forest biome with diversity in deciduous trees like oak, beech, birch, and maple which lose their leaves in winter and autumn, regrowing them in spring. There are also shrubs and wildflowers like trillium, Dutchman's breeches, and bluebells growing on the forest floor in spring. As the temperature decreases in winter, the forest life becomes dormant.
The common bear in North America is the American black bear. These omnivores are known to feed on anything based on location and availability. Bigger than the black bears are brown bears who are strong predators. Smaller mammals in the temperate deciduous forest include Eastern chipmunks, raccoons, European hedgehogs, Muskrats, Eastern cottontail rabbits, Eurasian red squirrels, badgers, and porcupines which are found on the forest floor and some within the trees. Beavers are semi-aquatic, huge rats. Duckbill platypuses are as big as a house cat with a flat body.
American burying beetles are insects that occur in the east of the Rocky Mountains. Easy identification of these bugs is the red-orange markings that they have. Additionally, bald eagles are found in a range of habitats that includes regions in Quebec and eastern evanescent forests.
Bobcats are two times larger than domestic cats and are found occupying the evanescent forest in North America. Coyotes can be found almost everywhere especially in evanescent forests. Wild turkeys live in open forests and are hunted by raccoons, foxes, bobcats, and owls.
Some reptiles found in the temperate deciduous forests are wood frogs, salamanders, toads, and the Northern Copperhead.
Tropical Deciduous Forest Animals
Animals residing in tropical deciduous forests are mammals, reptiles, birds, and insects. For example, skunks, squirrels, wood mice, raccoons, and species of deer can be found in the United States. The natural habitat of animal species including the elephant, lion, tiger, pig, and deer are found in India.
Tropical deciduous forests are also called monsoon forests. These forests are found in South India, the southern coast of Ecuador, and the northern coast of Peru. 80-90% humidity is experienced here with 86 F (30 C) temperature throughout the year. Not only do the trees lose their leaves but other plants also lose their petals or fruits. These forests are also famous for the season and trees that shed leaves. These forests spread mostly across India and the temperature and climate are suitable for the farming of crops such as rice, banana, and corn. Farming of the land, however, is a threat to animals.
There are fewer animals in this forest compared to rainforests. Lions and tigers occupy these forests and are strong predators. The usual mammals that are found in this climate are wood mice, bears, squirrels, and skunks. Pigs, deers, and elephants are also species that spend their lives here.
Birds like owls, pileated woodpeckers, and cardinals are also found in these deciduous forests. Some other animals that make up the population are weasels, platypuses, wolves, and foxes. Moose and deer are the largest mammals found in this habitat.
Tropical deciduous forests are divided into moist deciduous forests and dry deciduous forests. Common species occupying moist deciduous forests are elephants, foxes, lions, snakes, tortoises, and deers. Types of trees found in tropical deciduous forests are bamboo, teak, sal, rosewood, neem, and peepal. The soil of tropical deciduous forests is very fertile because it absorbs nutrients from the fallen decomposing leaves. This is also another reason for human interference for the purpose of agriculture.
Deciduous Forest Endangered Animals
Endangered species native to deciduous forests are red and grey wolves, giant pandas, the American burying beetle, European minks, gharials, raccoons, and running gorillas. The interference of humans is the main threat to these animals.
Animals in these forests are critically endangered due to human activities like expansion and development. There are a number of animals that are almost extinct here, for example, the giant panda or Ailuropoda melanoleuca is a well-recognized endangered species in the world. This is a large and docile bear species native to the deciduous forests in Vietnam, Myanmar, and eastern China. Due to human expansion, the habitats of these species have been pushed back and the current population is found in 20 small patches of forest.
Wolves were once predators spread across this forest, however, their population has drastically decreased in North America and Europe. Also, small carnivores, European minks, which are native to Europe, are now endangered because of a decrease in their aquatic habitats and hunting for their fur.
Native to Korea, eastern China, and Japan, red-crowned cranes are now endangered due to deforestation and agricultural expansion and some endangered species of the European deciduous forests are the common otter, European bison, and greater spotted eagles.
Animal Adaptations In Deciduous Forests
Temperate deciduous forest animals' adaptations include mammals hibernating and birds migrating in the cold winters.
Animals need to adapt to the changing weather and temperatures. These animals are adapted to feed on fruits, seeds, and nuts. Hibernation and migration are the main adaptations. During hibernation, an animal sleeps during winter and during migration, birds move to warmer regions. Animals cannot stay in the open looking for food and, therefore, shelter in winter. Many mammals hibernate and hibernation allows animals to store energy during the cold months. Birds migrate to places in the south with high food sources. Animals have also adapted to undertake food storage before winter. Species of deer with sharp hooves can easily dig to find food and are fast enough to escape predators. Carnivores hunt for food and woodpeckers usually feed on insects.
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