31 Facts About Mozambique That Will Make You Want To Pack Your Bags

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Oct 12, 2023 By Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Originally Published on Dec 30, 2021
Facts about Mozambique will tell you more about the neighboring countries and the resident population.

The official name of Mozambique is the Republic of Mozambique.

Mozambique is a country located in Africa in the southern hemisphere facing the Mozambique Channel. It is an underdeveloped country facing the problem of lower life expectancy due to AIDS.

The Central Beira Railroad Corporation offers connectivity of the Beira Port to landlocked countries of Africa such as Zambia, Malawi, and Zimbabwe.

The name of the capital city of Mozambique is Maputo. Maputo is the capital city of Mozambique. The South African government had a big role to play in the country administration of Mozambique.

Mozambique is very well known for its unique scenic destinations with beautiful beaches, various islands, game reserves as well as places of scenic beauty. If we talk about the official language of Mozambique, the official language of Mozambique is Portuguese. The Gorongosa National Park is located in Mozambique.

After reading about various important facts about this poor country, also check facts about Egypt and Argentina facts.

Geography And Climate

Mozambique is a country located in South Africa. The Indian ocean is present to its east, it has Tanzania to the north, in the northwest, there are Malawi and Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Along with this, South Africa is located to its southwest. The entire country is known for its great scenic beauty. Zambezi River is one of the principal rivers of Mozambique. Do you know about the geography and climate of Mozambique? Let us explore some interesting facts about Mozambique's geography and climate.

Mozambique is a splendid country located in the continent of Africa. It is located in Southern Africa and is home to the deepest lake in Africa, Lake Malawi.

Mozambique is divided into two topographical regions. These topographical regions are divided by the Zambezi river. Mozambique has five principal rivers among which the Zambezi river is the most significant as well as prominent.

Talking about climate, Mozambique has a really tropical climate. There are both wet and dry seasons experienced in Mozambique.

The climate varies a lot due to the differences in the altitude but generally, there is a tropical climate in Mozambique. The southeast coast receives a lot of rainfall and even floods and cyclones are really common. The southern hemispheres are the cyclonic area.

Apart from the Gorongosa National Park, there is another national park located on the borders of the country, the Kruger National Park which actually lies in South Africa. A variety of bird species are found in this park that are well known for their color.

Mozambique's population has been pegged at around 31 million in the year 2020 with Portuguese being the official language of the country.

Portuguese Mozambique

Mozambique is an independent country today but years before it was a colony as well. Mozambique was being ruled by the Portuguese as a Portuguese colony in Africa. The common name for Mozambique during that period was Portuguese Mozambique or Portuguese East Africa.

The term Portuguese Mozambique was used for a group of colonies that were being ruled by the Portuguese on the southeast African coast. Later on, it collectively became one country.

Portuguese trading companies were being set up in the Republic of Mozambique in 1498 and the Portuguese gained political control of most of the country which they retained till 1918.

The entire region was known as Portuguese East Africa many years ago and featured a number of colonies including the Lourenco Marques in the south as well as Niassa in the north.

The Mozambican railway system was created in 1931. If we talk about the provincial status of Mozambique, the country is divided into 10 provinces with one capital city.

Mozambican War Of Independence

Mozambique had a past of wars too. As already known, the country of Mozambique was a colony of Portuguese and had to fight a war to gain independence.

The Mozambican War of Independence culminated with the freedom for Mozambique's population from the colonial powers. The independence war was fought between the various guerilla forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front and Portugal.

The Mozambican War of Independence started on September 25, 1964. The war ended on September 8, 1974, with the ceasefire between the revolutionary forces and the colonial power.

The Mozambican War of Independence war resulted in the freedom of the country of Mozambique from Portuguese rule. After the war, the first multi-party elections were held in 1994, in which FRELIMO won.

Despite having no historic ties to Britain, Mozambique is still a member of the Commonwealth countries.

Mozambican Civil War

The Mozambican Civil War was fought between the years 1977 and 1992. Lime most of the Civil Wars that took place in Africa during this time, the Mozambican Civil War was fought due to various local factors as well as the impact of the Cold War era.

The Mozambican Civil War was fought between the ruling Marxist Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), and various other smaller factions. The reason behind the Mozambican Civil War was to oppose the attempts of FRELIMO to establish a communist state in Mozambique.

The Mozambican Civil War ended in 1992 after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the signing of the Rome General Peace Accords.

Democratic Era

It is already known that Mozambique was a colony of the Portuguese around 200 years ago but what about after the war of Independence? What was the democratic setup in the country of Mozambique?

The country Mozambique took the first step towards democracy in 1994 when it held the election for the first time in 1994.

The outcome of this democratic election was that Joaquim Chissano became the President of Mozambique with around 53% vote. Joaquim Chissano was the elected president of Mozambique.

A lot of social change has occurred in the democratic setup of the country of Mozambique since the democratic elections have been held. Talking about Mozambique's economy, we can say that the country's economy is not faring well. The country is among the least developed countries in Africa featuring a low-income society.

Do you know about the largest city of Mozambique? The largest city of Mozambique is Nampula. Some of the major cities of Mozambique include Maputo, Maxixe, Quelimane, Beira, Angoche Island, etc.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for facts about Mozambique then why not take a look at Bangladesh facts, or Barcelona Spain facts.

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Written by Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason

Bachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason picture

Adekunle Olanrewaju JasonBachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

With over 3+ years of professional experience, Olanrewaju is a certified SEO Specialist and Content Writer. He holds a BSc in Mass Communication from the University of Lagos. Throughout his dynamic career, Olanrewaju has successfully taken on various roles with startups and established organizations. He has served as a Technical Writer, Blogger, SEO Specialist, Social Media Manager, and Digital Marketing Manager. Known for his hardworking nature and insightful approach, Olanrewaju is dedicated to continuous learning and improvement.
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