Fun Solomon Island Leaf Frog Facts For Kids

Arpitha Rajendra
Feb 20, 2024 By Arpitha Rajendra
Originally Published on Sep 02, 2021
Edited by Katherine Cook
Fact-checked by Kidadl Team
Fun Solomon Island Leaf Frog Facts For Kids
Age: 3-18
Read time: 6.2 Min

The Solomon Island leaf frog (Cornufer guentheri), also known as the Gunther's triangle frog or the Solomon Island eyelash frog, is a frog species of the Ceratobatrachidae. Ceratobatrachus guentheri was its previous scientific name. These frogs are spread across the Solomon Islands archipelago except for San Cristobal and are abundant in the Solomon Islands. They are ambush predators and hunt on forest floors. The body of this frog can be earthy browns, gold, or green in color. This varying coloration allows them to camouflage and mimic dying leaf matter, giving them the common name 'leaf frog'. This frog species goes through direct development, so they do not undergo the tadpole stage, but a fully developed froglet hatches out of the eggs. The genus Cornufer consists of frogs and also includes the Australian species expanded by Brown. There are 50 recognized extant species in this genus. These frogs belong to the subfamily Ceratobatrachinae. However, the family Ceratobatrachidae was previously considered as a subfamily (Ceratobatrachinae) within the family of true frogs, Ranidae. This family of frogs is distributed across the eastern Himalayas and Southeast Asia.

If you enjoyed these facts about Solomon Island leaf frogs, then do check out these tree frog and poison dart frog facts on Kidadl.

Solomon Island Leaf Frog Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Solomon Island leaf frog?

The Solomon Island leaf frog (Ceratobatrachus guentheri) is a frog of the order Anura and phylum Chordata. These frogs are forest floor dwellers and are ambush predators. They are nocturnal and hunt at night. Their shape and coloration allow them to hide well from their prey and predators in their habitat.

What class of animal does a Solomon Island leaf frog belong to?

The Solomon Island leaf frog (Ceratobatrachus guentheri) belongs to the class of Amphibian of animals.

How many Solomon Island leaf frogs are there in the world?

The exact population count of the Solomon Island leaf frog (Ceratobatrachus guentheri) in the world is not known.

Where does a Solomon Island leaf frog live?

The habitat range of the Solomon Island leaf frog (Ceratobatrachus guentheri) is across the Solomon Islands archipelago. This range includes an independent state, the Solomon Islands, and the autonomous region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. The Solomon Islands are located to the east of Papua New Guinea.

What is a Solomon Island leaf frog's habitat?

The habitat range of these Solomon Island eyelash frogs extends through the rainforest of montane forests and tropical lowlands, in places with less standing water. They prefer subtropical and tropical forests with moist broadleaf. They can also survive in a habitat range across rural gardens and secondary forests on the forest floor and leaf litter. Even though they prefer forest floor regions, they have been found up to an altitude up to 2296.5 ft (700 m).

Who do Solomon Island leaf frogs live with?

Solomon island leaf frogs live either on their own or in groups.

How long does a Solomon Island leaf frog live?

The Solomon island leaf frog lifespan in wild is not yet known. In captivity or zoo, they live up to three to five years.

How do they reproduce?

In the wild, these frogs from the Solomon Islands breed throughout the year, calling out so loud during breeding that they be heard from a 0.5 mi (0.8 km) distance. Adult males use their bark-like loud call to attract females. The female will lay up to 100 tiny clear eggs after breeding in shallow pits that frogs dug out under a tree during the breeding season. Once the eggs hatch, they do not undergo the tadpole stage and they come out as fully developed froglets after one month.

These frogs have been successfully bred in captivity. In captivity, it has been observed that these frogs lay around 15-30 eggs with multiple clutches.

What is their conservation status?

The conservation status of these frogs of Solomon Islands is evaluated as Least Concern. These frogs have a wide range of habitats and are highly adaptable, meaning the population is stable. However, these frogs face a threat from the pet trade. Conservation efforts are being made by the Solomon government to control exports. Conversation efforts also need to be done to protect their habitat ranges. This includes clearing land for the human population.

Solomon Island Leaf Frog Fun Facts

What do Solomon Island leaf frogs look like?

This Solomon eyelash frog species has earthy brown, gold, or green body. They have triangle heads, projecting brows on top of their eyes, and ridged veins on their backs under the skin. All common names of these animals come from their leaf coloration, eyelash protrusion, and triangular head.

Fun Solomon Island Leaf Frog Facts For Kids

* Please note that this is an image of a northern red-legged frog. If you have an image of a Solomon Island leaf frog please let us know at

How cute are they?

These frogs are not considered cute.

How do they communicate?

These animals communicate using toxins and their call. Their call is a loud bark used to find mates and protect their territories.

How big is a Solomon Island leaf frog?

The Solomon island leaf frog size range is 3-4 in (7.36-10 cm). The fully-developed froglet measures up to 0.12 in (0.6 cm). Females are larger than males. Bullfrogs are twice in length compared to these frogs.

How fast can a Solomon Island leaf frog move?

It is not known how fast they move in the wild.

How much does a Solomon Island leaf frog weigh?

These animals weigh around 0.01 lb (4.8 g). Horned frogs are seventy times heavier than these frogs.

What are the male and female names of the species?

There is no specific name given to males and females of this species.

What would you call a baby Solomon Island leaf frog?

There is no specific name given to a baby Solomon Island leaf frog.

What do they eat?

The Solomon Island leaf frog diet consists of insects, small reptiles, smaller amphibians, and anthropods. They rapidly grow and the froglet's diet consisting of insects like crickets changes to the adult's diet that includes insects like crickets, small snakes, worms like butterworms and super worms, nightcrawlers, and Dubio roaches.

Are they poisonous?

Yes, these frogs are poisonous. These poisonous toxins are called natural toxins or bio-toxins used on their prey. However, the toxin is not dangerous to humans.

Would they make a good pet?

Yes, they would make a good pet.

Did you know...

Froglets of this species of frogs must be bought when they are around four months old and can easily feed on crickets.

The genus Cornufer frogs are spread across Polynesia and Melanesia-New Guinea, Fiji, Palau, the Solomon Islands, and Admiralty Bismarck.

All frog species of Ceratobatrachidae lay their eggs outside the water and all of them undergo direct development without undergoing a tadpole stage.

What are the different types of leaf frog?

Frogs of the family Phyllomedusidae are called leaf frogs. These leaf frogs are also called tree frogs. Some of them are blue-sided leaf frogs (Agalychnis annae) or orange-eyed leaf frogs which are native to Costa Rica and Panama. Red-eyed tree frogs (Agalychnis callidryas) are native to the Neotropical rainforests, while toady leaf frogs (callimedusa atelopoides) are found in Brazil, Amazonian Bolivia, and Peru. Splendid leaf frogs (Cruziohyla calcarifer) or splendid tree frogs are found in Esmeraldas Province, Ecuador, Panama, and Colombia and rough leaf frogs (Hylomantis) are native to the Atlantic forests.

Mottled leaf frogs (Phasmahyla exilis) are native to Brazil. Giant leaf frogs (Phyllomedusa bicolor) or bicolor tree frogs are found in Amazon Basin around Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, and Colombia. Reticulate leaf frogs (Pithecopus ayeaye) or reticulated leaf frogs are endemic species of Brazil.

Tarsier leaf frogs (Phyllomedusa tarsius) are found in Colombia, Peru, Brazil, Venezuela, and Ecuador and probably in Guyana and Bolivia. White-lined leaf frogs (Phyllomedusa vaillanti) occupy northern South America.

Do Solomon Island leaf frogs bite?

Solomon island leaf frogs have teeth on their upper jaw and bony fangs on their lower jaw that lack enamel. They can bite if you feed them using your hands but not intentionally.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these olm facts and glass frog facts for kids.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring on one of our free printable frog coloring pages.

Solomon Island Leaf Frog Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Insects like crickets, worms, small reptiles, smaller amphibians, and anthropods

What Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?

100 eggs

How Much Did They Weigh?

0.01 lb (4.8 g)

What habitat Do they Live In?

tropical rain forests, tropical lowland, rural gardens, secondary forests, leaf litter, and other modified habitats

Where Do They Live?

solomon islands archipelago, papua new guinea, and the solomon islands

How Long Were They?

3-4 in (7.36-10 cm)

How Tall Were They?








Scientific Name

Cornufer guentheri

What Do They Look Like?

Earthy brown, gold, or green

Skin Type

Slimy skin

What Are Their Main Threats?


What is their Conservation Status?

Least Concern
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Written by Arpitha Rajendra

Bachelor of Engineering specializing in Aeronautical/Aerospace Technology, Master of Business Administration specializing in Management

Arpitha Rajendra picture

Arpitha RajendraBachelor of Engineering specializing in Aeronautical/Aerospace Technology, Master of Business Administration specializing in Management

With a background in Aeronautical Engineering and practical experience in various technical areas, Arpitha is a valuable member of the Kidadl content writing team. She did her Bachelor's degree in Engineering, specializing in Aeronautical Engineering, at Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology in 2020. Arpitha has honed her skills through her work with leading companies in Bangalore, where she contributed to several noteworthy projects, including the development of high-performance aircraft using morphing technology and the analysis of crack propagation using Abaqus XFEM.

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