Parson Spider Facts

Moumita Dutta
Nov 01, 2022 By Moumita Dutta
Originally Published on Aug 05, 2021
Edited by Luca Demetriou
Fact-checked by Yashvee Patel
Parson spider facts are amazing.

The parson spider (Herpyllus ecclesiasticus) is a type of spider that is native to the regions of North America and can be found in abundance in the United States. They are identified by distinctive white or pinkish marks on their abdomen from which they derive their common name.

Females of this species lay their eggs in an egg sac which can be found in enclosed or dark areas to protect them from their predators.

The parson spider has two other types of spider under its name, namely the eastern parson spider and the western parson spider. After getting bitten by an eastern parson spider, a person may experience pain and swelling in that area, followed by some type of allergic reaction which will vary from person to person.

These species belong to the family of Gnaphosidae.

The parson spider size varies from male to female, where males are generally smaller in size than females. This giant house spider is considered to be the fastest-moving spider compared to other species.

Parson Spider Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a parson spider?

Herpyllus ecclesiasticus is a spider of medium size that is native to the regions of North America.

What class of animal does a parson spider belong to?

Parson spiders belong to the Arachnida class of animals.

How many parson spiders are there in the world?

Although the exact number of parson spiders present in the world is exactly unknown, it is a very common type of spider that can be found in houses across the regions of America. They generally take refuge under rocks or fallen leaves and very often can also be found in one's home.

Where does a parson spider live?

The habitat of a parson spider ranges from the regions of central America, North Carolina, and Canada.

What is a parson spider's habitat?

The parson spider can be found in woody areas, under barks, or stones. They can also be found in one's home, typically on the ceiling or walls.

Who do parson spiders live with?

Parson spiders move in groups and they are known to mate almost throughout the whole year.

How long does a parson spider live?

The average lifespan of parson spiders is generally one to two years.

How do they reproduce?

Although parson spiders are known to mate throughout the year, they breed at an alarming rate in spring and summer. A female parson spider can lay as many as 3000 eggs which are covered in silken egg sacs.

A single silken egg sac can contain many eggs. The eggs hatch within a few weeks, but spiderlings can take almost up to a year to reach adulthood.

What is their conservation status?

The conservation status of parson spiders is Not Evaluated as of now, by the International Union for Conservation of Nature or the IUCN Red List.

Parson Spider Fun Facts

What do parson spiders look like?

The long life span of cockatiels makes them excellent pet birds.

The parson spider is a medium-sized spider that is native to the regions of North America. Its body has two different colors, its cephalothorax (fusion of head and thorax) is covered with black hair, and its abdomen is covered with gray hair.

It also has a distinctive mark on the center of its abdomen, which may be white or pink in color. Its body is covered with tiny hairs, which gives it a velvety look. These species belong to the family of Gnaphosidae.

How cute are they?

Parson spiders are not at all cute. Like most other species of spiders, they can be unsettling and do not give off a friendly vibe on their first appearance.

How do they communicate?

Like all other spiders, the parson spider communicates with each other through chemical releases known as pheromones. These spiders do not form any webs; instead, they form silken sacs where they rest during the day to go out for a hunt at night.

How big is a parson spider?

Parson spiders are not very large in size. The average size of a male parson spider is 0.2 in (0.6 cm), and that of the females is 0.3-0.5 in (0.8-1.3 cm). They are medium in size and are smaller than the jewel spider. Male parson spiders are usually smaller in size than females.

How fast can a parson spider move?

The parson spider can move very fast, especially when they are hunting for its prey at night. One distinctive feature is that they run in a zigzag fashion, making it hard for their predators to catch them.

How much does a parson spider weigh?

The weight of a parson spider is difficult to estimate and calculate as it is not known.

What are their male and female names of the species?

There is no specific name for the males and females of this species. Males are called male parson spiders, and females are called female parson spiders.

What would you call a baby parson spider?

A baby parson spider is called a spiderling.

What do they eat?

The parson spider is insectivorous by nature; it feeds on insects. Unlike other forms of spiders, they do not form any web. Instead, they hunt down their prey during the night. They are pretty fast runners, which adds an advantage to their hunting behavior.

Are they poisonous?

No, parson spiders are generally not considered to be poisonous. However, their bites can be quite painful for humans. The severity of the pain and the allergic reaction to being bitten by a parson spider differs from person to person.

Would they make a good pet?

No, the parson spider does not in any way make a good pet. Although they are not venomous, their bite can cause pain to humans. Like most other forms of spiders, they are not meant to be kept at home.

Did you know...

Parson spiders acquired their common name from the similarity it shares with the cravat, a strip of fabric worn by the clergymen of the 18th century.

The eastern parson spider is not venomous in general, but its bite can inflict a painful wound on a person. Although parson spiders possess the ability to jump and hunt down insects like ants and cockroaches, to name a few.

Since parson spiders feed on insects, the best way to get rid of them or keep in control of their number is by eliminating their food sources, insects like ants and cockroaches, and keeping the house clean and tidy.

Ground spiders share a body structure that is quite similar to parson spiders. They, too, have a white marking on their abdomen.

The palp or an elongated structure present near the mouth of the anthropoid, is large in size with round ends in the case of a male parson spider. While females generally have long thin palps, and by taking a look, one can easily differentiate between male and female parson spiders. Moreover, males are usually shorter in size than females.

When do most parson spider bites occur?

Parson spiders may occasionally invade homes in search of prey and may seek harbor in-between clothes. Since they are nocturnal creatures, they move out of their silken sacs during the night. The most common time when a person is likely to get bitten by one such spider is during the night or when it is trapped in-between clothes.

How do parson spider bite symptoms vary?

Parson spider bites are not considered to be venomous; however, they can cause different allergic reactions in different individuals. The initial symptoms may be red swelling of the area where the spider has bitten, along with an incessant need for itching.

The mild swelling can increase in intensity from person to person, accompanied by nausea, sweating, and increased body temperature.

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Written by Moumita Dutta

Bachelor of Arts specializing in Journalism and Mass Communication, Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Management

Moumita Dutta picture

Moumita DuttaBachelor of Arts specializing in Journalism and Mass Communication, Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Management

A content writer and editor with a passion for sports, Moumita has honed her skills in producing compelling match reports and stories about sporting heroes. She holds a degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Calcutta University, alongside a postgraduate diploma in Sports Management.

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Fact-checked by Yashvee Patel

Bachelor of Business Management

Yashvee Patel picture

Yashvee PatelBachelor of Business Management

Yashvee has won awards for both her writing and badminton skills. She holds a business administration honors degree and has previously interned with social media clients and worked on content for an international student festival. Yashvee has excelled in academic competitions, ranking in the top 100 in the Unified International English Olympiad and placing second in an essay-writing competition. Additionally, she has won the inter-school singles badminton title for two consecutive years.

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