Tiradentes Day

Naman Sodhi
Sep 08, 2023 By Naman Sodhi
Originally Published on Sep 08, 2023
Learn about Tiradentes Day here at Kidadl.

Where is Tiradentes Day celebrated?

This day is celebrated in Brazil, the largest country in South America.

Who is Tiradentes Day celebrated by?

The Brazilian citizens celebrate this nation-specific day to honor their national hero.

When did Tiradentes Day first start?

The anniversary of Tiradentes' death on April 21 became a national holiday after Brazil was proclaimed a republic in 1889.

Who started Tiradentes Day?

Tiradentes Day was started by the leaders and citizens of Brazil after their independence.

Brazilian flag waving in the air

History And Timeline

Dive into a quick whirlwind tour of Brazil's colorful history. Get ready to meet Tiradentes, Brazil's beloved hero!

Birth Of Xavier

Joaquim José da Silva Xavier was born in the small town of Pombal on November 12, 1748.


Group Of Freedom Aspirants

In 1788, Tiradentes met José Alvares Maciel, a son of the Vila Rica army commandant. Tiradentes and Macial decided to create a group of freedom aspirants.


Tax Waiver

Tiradentes planned to proclaim the Brazilian Republic in February 1789. One of the conspirators exposed the plot in exchange for a tax waiver, and Tiradentes claimed full responsibility for the movement.

February 1789

Death Of Tiradentes

A trial was carried out against conspirators, lasting almost three years. Later, Tiradentes was imprisoned in Rio and sentenced to death on April 21, 1792, along with 10 others.

Mid 1789-1792

Renaming Of A City

In 1889, the city of Vila de São José do Rio das Mortes was renamed 'Tiradentes' after the national hero.


Traditions And Customs

The day is celebrated to remember Tiradentes, who gave his life to a movement that helped Brazil achieve independence. It is a day that reminds people of the sacrifices their ancestors made and how they struggled and fought for independence.  Civil and military police, who adopted Tiradentes as their patron, celebrate Tiradentes Day by giving tributes to him.

The common symbols for this day are the Brazilian flag and the national bird, the Rufous-bellied thrush.

Ways To Observe Or Celebrate Tiradentes Day

The best way to begin the celebrations on this day is to dig into your history books and learn more about this Brazilian hero. You can also visit the monument dedicated to the Tiradentes.

Another great thing you can do to celebrate is spread knowledge to the younger generation about this national hero and Brazilian culture. What better way to celebrate the day than by sharing the story of the martyr? Share the story of Tiradentes and the sacrifices he made for freedom.

Facts And Stats

  • This day is a public holiday in Brazil, with all government offices, schools, and banks closed on this day.
  • On this day, most government officials in Brazil visit Praca Tiradentes, a national monument, to pay tribute to Tiradentes.
  • April 21 was declared a national holiday on the 100th anniversary of Tiradentes' death.
  • Tiradentes Day is shortly followed by St. George's Day, a traditional feast celebrated in the US.
  • The week of Tiradentes Day is celebrated as Conspiracy Week in Brazil with various memorial events.

Tiradentes Day is more than just vibrant flags and catchy samba beats. It's a heartfelt nod to the past, a salute to bravery, and a dash of colorful culture all rolled into one.

While the day serves as a poignant reminder of sacrifices and the high price of freedom, it's also a vivacious celebration of Brazil's independent spirit. So, whether you're donning carnival beads or sharing a festive post online, remember to soak in the essence of the day.

What is Tiradentes Day in Brazil?

Tiradentes Day in Brazil commemorates the life and sacrifice of Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, a national hero who played a pivotal role in the country's push for independence.

What do people do to celebrate Tiradentes Day?

People, especially the civil and military police who consider him their patron, celebrate Tiradentes Day by paying tributes and by showcasing symbols like the Brazilian flag and the Rufous-bellied thrush.

Why was Tiradentes important?

Tiradentes was important because he led a movement against Portuguese colonial rule, advocating for Brazil's independence.

Why was Tiradentes called 'Tiradentes'?

He was called Tiradentes, which translates to 'tooth puller', because he worked as a dentist.

When Is This Day Celebrated

  • Thursday, April 21, 2022
  • Friday, April 21, 2023
  • Sunday, April 14, 2024
  • Monday, April 21, 2025
  • Tuesday, April 21, 2026

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Written by Naman Sodhi

Bachelor of Arts specializing in English with History, Master of Arts specializing in English Language and Literature

Naman Sodhi picture

Naman SodhiBachelor of Arts specializing in English with History, Master of Arts specializing in English Language and Literature

Naman possesses a formidable academic background, having attained a Bachelor's degree in English with a minor in history followed by a Master's degree in English language and literature from the esteemed Sophia Girls' College in Ajmer. Naman has honed her writing and editing prowess through a wide-ranging career that includes tutoring, fact-checking, and writing and editing. Her astute social media acumen benefited mutiple businesses as well as animal welfare organizations where she devised highly engaging social media campaigns and compelling posts.
A veritable polymath, Naman's creative genius which has won her a host of awards in diverse fields such as art and crafts, creative writing, and dramatics. Her insatiable curiosity fuels her quest for knowledge as she scours books, films, TV shows, and anything else she can find in search of captivating stories. 
Naman has an innate love of animals and spends her free time supporting animal organizations and caring for animals. Naman's highly proficient and has broad-based expertise that enables her to lead the editorial team.

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