90 Jalapeno Nutrition Facts: Useful Trivia About The Spicy Pepper

Helga Khumanthem
Jan 29, 2024 By Helga Khumanthem
Originally Published on Apr 18, 2022
Edited by Aubree Mosby
Fact-checked by Pratiti Nath
Serrano pepper on wood background
Age: 3-18
Read time: 7.3 Min

Do you love spicy food?

If so, then you might be a fan of jalapeno peppers. These popular chili peppers are a favorite in Mexican and Tex-Mex cuisine.

Jalapeno peppers can add a spicy kick to practically any recipe. Jalapenos are chili peppers. Chili peppers get their heat from a compound called capsaicin. The hotter the pepper, the more capsaicin it contains.

Jalapeno peppers are only one variety of chili pepper that is frequently used as an accent or garnish to add a kick to any food. Although they are often consumed in insufficient quantities to give substantial nutrition, these peppers are a strong source of vitamin C.

But did you know that these spicy chili peppers are also packed with nutritional value? They're an excellent source of nutrients and may offer health benefits such as lowering cholesterol and aiding in weight loss.

Fun Facts About Jalapenos

Here are some fun facts about jalapeno peppers that will spice up your knowledge of them:

You may think jalapenos are vegetables, but did you know that these peppers are actually a type of fruit?

That's right – jalapenos are technically classified as a berry.

Berries are described as fleshy fruit with numerous seeds within.

As a result, jalapenos with multiple seeds embedded within are likewise classified as berries.

Jalapenos are believed to have originated in Mexico, and they were first cultivated in the city of Veracruz.

The exact point of origin was Xalapa or Jalapa, Veracruz's capital city.

That explains where the name 'Jalapeno' comes from.

This spicy pepper starts off with a beautiful dark green color.

As it matures, the color turns red.

Jalapenos have thick, crispy skins.

They are usually mild enough for most people to handle.

The tangy kick of the chili pepper brings life to all sorts of foods.

The almost grassy flavor really helps to balance out the flavors!

There are many different ways to enjoy jalapeno peppers.

They can be eaten fresh, cooked, or even pickled.

Jalapenos can also be dried and used in chili powders or salsas.

The top jalapeno-producing countries include Mexico, China, and The United States.

The chili's country of origin, Mexico, has about 109 sq mi (175 sq km) of land for growing jalapenos!

Jalapenos come in different colors, shapes, and sizes.

The most common type of jalapeno is green, but you may also find red, orange, and yellow jalapenos.

Jalapenos can range in size from about 2–4 in(5–10 cm) long.

And as for their shape, jalapenos are typically curved or straight.

Jalapenos can vary in heat or spiciness.

The heat of jalapeno is measured on the Scoville scale.

TAM jalapeno, Chichimeca peppers, and concho jalapenos are some of the milder ones.

On this scale, jalapenos typically range from about 2,000-9,000 heat units.

Jalapenos are medium-hot peppers.

For comparison, bell peppers have a Scoville heat rating of zero.

And habanero peppers have a Scoville heat rating of about 100,000–350,000.

So, jalapenos are relatively on the milder side.

Jalapenos have a fresh, crisp flavor that is often described as 'grassy' or 'herbal.'

They can also have a bit of sweetness to them.

Jalapenos are often used as a garnish or topping on food.

They can be diced and added, along with other fruits and vegetables, to salads, sandwiches, pizzas, and more.

Or you may find jalapenos pickled and served as a condiment.

Jalapenos are also a popular ingredient in many sauces.

It's used in salsa, guacamole, and pico de gallo.

Nutritional Facts About Jalapenos

Whether you're adding jalapenos to your favorite dish or just snacking on them plain, you're probably wondering if they're healthy. 

Jalapenos are an excellent source of vitamin E and vitamin D, as well as dietary fiber.

They also contain a good amount of fiber, potassium, and folate.

Plus, jalapenos are low in calories and carbohydrate levels– with only about five calories per pepper.

Jalapenos are also a good source of antioxidants.

These nutrients help to protect your cells from damage.

They also aid in boosting your immune system.

Plus, the capsaicin in jalapenos can help to relieve pain and inflammation.

For example, jalapenos may help to reduce the risk of certain types of cancer.

Capsaicin can curb the growth and division of cancer cells.

It thereby prevents cancer from spreading to the rest of the body.

Plus, jalapenos may help to improve heart health.

The capsaicin in jalapenos can help to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Jalapenos may also help to improve blood sugar control.

In one study, people with type II diabetes who ate jalapenos had better blood sugar control than those who didn't eat jalapenos.

Capsaicin also helps with pain relief.

It can help to relieve pain from a variety of conditions, like headaches and back pain.

Jalapenos are a light and healthy choice since they're low in total fat and carbohydrate levels.

Facts About The Pickled Jalapeno

This versatile condiment can add a flavorful kick to just about any dish. 

Pickled jalapenos are made by soaking jalapenos in a vinegar or brine solution.

This process preserves the jalapenos and gives them a tangy, slightly spicy flavor.

Pickled jalapenos are a common topping for nachos and tacos.

They can also be added to sandwiches, salads, pizzas, and more.

Pickled jalapenos are high in vitamins.

They also contain some vitamin C, iron, and calcium.

Plus, pickled jalapenos are low in calories – with only about five calories per pepper.

If you want to make your own pickled jalapenos at home, start by slicing your fresh jalapenos.

Then place the sliced peppers in a jar and add a clove of garlic, smashed.

For the brine, you'll need water, vinegar, salt, and sugar.

Bring the water to a boil and then add the vinegar, salt, and sugar.

Pour the brine over the jalapenos in the jar and let them sit for at least 24 hours.

Refrigerated pickled jalapenos will stay fresh in your refrigerator for up to two months!

If they start to smell funny and look wrinkly, throw them away.

Simple, right? You can now add the jalapenos to your burgers, tacos, burritos, or anything really.

Canned pickled jalapenos stored in the freezer can even last more than six months!

Raw Green Organic Serrano Peppers in a Bowl

Facts About People Who Should Avoid Jalapenos

You may be wondering if jalapeno enthusiasts need to take any precautions. Read on!

You can enjoy them in moderation without any adverse effects.

Just be sure to wash your hands after handling jalapenos and avoid touching your eyes or face.

Although jalapenos offer many potential health benefits, there are some people who should avoid them.

For example, jalapenos can cause heartburn and indigestion.

They can also aggravate ulcers and digestive disorders.

Eating too many spicy peppers can cause nausea, vomiting, stomach discomfort, and diarrhea.

People with asthma must take care not to inhale chili peppers.

Doing so can trigger an asthma attack.

If you have a spice allergy, you should avoid all jalapeno products.

Jalapeno allergy symptoms can include itching in the mouth, swelling, and difficulty in breathing.

If you experience any of these symptoms after eating jalapenos, seek medical attention immediately.

Pregnant women can safely consume jalapenos.

They could prevent pregnancy weight gain, and even help with headaches and blocked noses.

The risk of heartburn is always there though, so don't overdo it.

Some young children may not be able to handle the heat of jalapenos.

If you have a sensitive stomach, you may want to avoid adding jalapenos to your diet.

You may also want to watch your intake of pickled jalapenos, as they can be high in sodium.

Just be aware of the sodium content if your salt intake is a concern.

Attention, chili enthusiasts! Consuming too much capsaicin over an extended period of time might cause kidney damage!

And of course, if you have heart disease, you're recommended to generally avoid spicy foods in your diet.


What are the benefits of eating jalapenos?

Jalapeno peppers are an excellent source of vitamin C, fiber, potassium, and folate.

Can I eat jalapenos on keto?

Yes, jalapenos are a keto-friendly food.

Are jalapenos good for your liver?

Yes, the capsaicin in jalapenos may help to improve liver health.

Are jalapenos anti-inflammatory?

Yes, jalapenos are anti-inflammatory as they contain capsaicin.

Are jalapenos good for your heart?

Yes, jalapenos and other hot peppers may help to improve heart health.

Is it OK to eat jalapenos every day?

You can as long as you can enjoy them in moderation. Health comes first!

Do jalapenos have any health benefits?

Many of its health advantages are due to capsaicin. Jalapenos are also high in vitamins A and C, as well as potassium. They also include carotene, folate, vitamin K, and B vitamins.

Do jalapenos boost the immune system?

Jalapenos peppers contain Vitamin C, which is a great antioxidant known for boosting the immune system and making wounds heal faster.

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Written by Helga Khumanthem

Bachelor of Arts specializing in English Language and Literature

Helga Khumanthem picture

Helga KhumanthemBachelor of Arts specializing in English Language and Literature

A dedicated and passionate writer, Helga brings a wealth of experience and knowledge to the team. She holds a Bachelor's degree in English Literature and Language from Lady Shri Ram College For Womenand has a keen interest in charitable work, particularly in animal welfare, which drives her commitment to making a positive impact. Previously, she volunteered for the Friendicoes National Service Scheme, managing their social media platforms and organizing charity events for animals in need.

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