Why Do Ionic Compounds Conduct Electricity? Chemistry Facts Simplified!

Abhijeet Modi
Oct 12, 2023 By Abhijeet Modi
Originally Published on Oct 27, 2021
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Chemistry can be confusing for people of all ages, and it sure does make people ask questions.

Ever asked yourself what is an ion or why does it conduct electricity in a specific solution? Well, the answer is quite simple.

It can be a big question why some solutions are charged in a specific state when they do not even react in a different form. People often wonder exactly what happens in a solution to cause it to become charged.

Well, the answer is simple once the basics are understood. For ions, it is pretty important to learn what is related to them moving freely and what stops them from changing places.

You might want to learn more about other fun facts about the common things all around us. So go ahead and look at some other articles like why do ionic compounds have a high melting point and why do fingers prune.

Why do ionic compounds conduct electricity well when they are dissolved in water?

Ionic compounds are conductors of electricity when they are in a molten state or aqueous state.

Ionic compounds can conduct electricity when they are dissolved in water. This happens because the ions become free and can move from place to place.

Why don't ionic compounds conduct electricity in their crystalline form?

Crystalline form means when the ions are in a solid structure and an ion compound finds it challenging to conduct electricity while in a solid state.

When in a liquid or aqueous state, Ionic compounds contain charged ions called anions and cations, and these particles make sure that the ions are free to move from place to place and eventually conduct electricity. While in a solid state, the ion bonds are firmly held together, and the charged particles can not move freely.

This is why ions do not conduct electricity when in a crystalline form.

Why do ionic compounds conduct electricity when melted?

Ions are compounds that need to move around to generate electric atoms, which happens easily when the solution is melted.

When the ionic compounds are in a melted state, the temperature is suitable for the electrons to charge electricity as the molecules are looser than in a solid form. The ionic bonds in a melted state are perfect for conducting electricity.

Why don't solid samples of ionic compounds conduct electricity?

The answer is quite simple and can be understood by focusing on the movements of electrons in a solution.

The ionic compound in the solid state does not conduct electricity because the electrons are not free to move. It is easier for an ionic compound to create conductivity for electricity in a liquid form.

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Written by Abhijeet Modi

Master of Computer Science

Abhijeet Modi picture

Abhijeet ModiMaster of Computer Science

An experienced and innovative entrepreneur and creative writer, Abhijeet holds a Bachelor's and Master's degree in Computer Application from Birla Institute of Technology, Jaipur. He co-founded an e-commerce website while developing his skills in content writing, making him an expert in creating blog posts, website content, product descriptions, landing pages, and editing articles. Passionate about pushing his limits, Abhijeet brings both technical expertise and creative flair to his work.

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