Spring Tide Facts: Everyone Should Know About This!

Read on to find out some amazing spring tide facts!

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Tides are the result of an interaction of forces between the Earth, the moon, and the sun.

In Canada, the Bay of Fundy, which separates New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, has the world's highest tides. The highest tides can also be found near Anchorage, Alaska, in the U.S. with a tidal range of up to 40 ft (12 m).

Spring tides are the result of the combination of the sun and moon's gravitational effects. The motion of the waters pours out and then leaps back. We witness high tides and low tides. When the sun and moon are at 90-degree angles, their tidal influences cancel out partially. Neap tides occur during this process, and the tidal range is the smallest. Neap tides have lower high tides than spring tides, and low neap tides have higher low tides than low spring tides. Like spring tides, neap tides also occur twice a month.

Perigee occurs when the full moon or new moon is at its closest point to Earth. It is called a supermoon because it causes perigean spring tides, which have a wider difference between high and low tides. Perigean spring tides, in combination with seasonal changes in tide and, mean sea level, can cause minor coastal flooding in some low-lying areas.

High Tides Vs Spring Tides

The process of the high tide occurs when the water encloses a large part of the shore after rising to the topmost level. During high tide, the ocean waters crawl up the shore, deepening the water. This occurs as a body of water approaches one of the two bulges caused by the moon's gravitational force.

The high tide on the earth's side facing the moon is greater than the high tide on the opposite side. The length of time the tide stays on the beach is calculated by the shoreline's characteristics and time of the year. The two high tides occur around 12 hours and 25 minutes apart.

Low Tide Vs Spring Tides

Low tide occurs when the water recedes to its lowest level and flows away from the beach. The gravitational pull of the moon, or tidal force, causes two bulges on Earth (and its water): one closest to the moon and one on the opposite side of the Earth.

As the Earth rotates, a region moves closer or further away from the bulges. The farther it is from one, the lower the tide. The contour of the shoreline and the time of year also influence the severity of a low tide. Low tides happen every 12 hours and 25 minutes, creating an alternating pattern of high and low tides.

Spring tide facts show that it is a rise of the ocean levels.

Scientific Aspects Of Spring Tide

On Earth, the sun's gravitational force is just 46% that of the moon. As a result, the moon is the most essential component in determining the creation of tides. Tides are caused by the sun's gravity. However, because the forces are weaker than on the moon, the effects are greatly reduced.

Tides are not caused by the direct gravitational pull of the moon. The moon is dragging the water upwards, while the earth is pulling it down. We have tides because the moon has a slight advantage. When the moon, Earth, and sun are coordinated, the sun's gravitational pull adds to that of the moon, resulting in maximum tides.


The gravitational attraction between sun and moon is determined by their mass and distance from one another. The sun's gravitational pull on Earth is less powerful than that of the moon. As a result, the moon indicates the intensity of the tide. Both land and water bodies are affected by gravity, although the influence of gravity on aquatic bodies is larger.


How long does spring tide last?

A: The tidal movements are naturally periodic, resulting in a tidal day of 24 hours and 50 minutes with one tidal cycle (two highs and two lows).

Why do Alaska and Maine share the same spring tide and neap tide?

A: Alaska is further away from the moon than Maine is, so if they have similar spring tide levels, it means that Alaska is slightly higher just because of this fact. Maine has a spring tide level of 0.9 ft (0.2 m) above average low water, and Alaska has a spring tide level of 1.6 ft (0.5 m) above average low water.  

How many days pass between spring tide and neap tide?

A: A neap tide occurs seven days after a spring tide when the sun and moon are at a right angle to each other.

How often does spring tide occur?

A: Spring tides occur two times in one month throughout the year.

What is a neap tide and a spring tide?

A: When the moon and the sun align, spring tides occur. A neap tide happens when the moon and the sun are at right angles to each other.

What does a spring tide look like?

A: Spring tide looks like an oval in shape.


Written By

Kidadl Team

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