69 Amazing Scientific Names Of Fruits You Must Know

Nishtha Dixit
Apr 14, 2023 By Nishtha Dixit
Originally Published on Apr 14, 2023
Edited by Archita Chaplot
Mix of fruits in a basket
Age: 0-99
Read time: 7.3 Min

The scientific name is the unique name that is given to all living organisms, such as plants, fruits, and animals.

Scientific names are usually derived from the Latin language. These scientific names help in avoiding confusion between two similar fruits or organisms.

Scientific names are combinations of the two names. One name is a generic name, and the other is a specific name. Together these names are called ‘Binomial Nomenclature’.

The generic name indicates the collective name of the group of organisms, here fruits. The fruits that fall in the same group show similar characteristics. The specific name indicates the further classification of that organism.

They have one common origin and then evolve into various other kinds of fruits. For example, Citrus Reticulata. It is the scientific name of Mandarin Orange. Here Citrus is the generic name, and Reticulata represents the epithet. To know more about such fruits and vegetables' scientific names, read the list below.

Scientific Names Of Common Fruits

Fruits are the sweet and fleshy products of the plant that can be consumed as food. Fruits are high in fiber and are eaten raw.

Fruits not only have high nutritional values but are also used as a flavoring in many dishes. Did you know Tomato is actually a fruit whose scientific name is Solanum Lycopersicum? Here are the scientific names of common fruits that you must know.

  • Solanum Lycopersicum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘tomato’. Solanum Lycopersicum is consumed in raw form and cooked form as well.
  • Pyrus malus ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘apple’. Pyrus Malus is one of the most common fruits, which is packed with nutrition.
  • Musa Paradisicum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘banana’. Musa Paradisicum is one of the most consumed fruit. Banana Musa paradisicum is used in smoothies and baking as well.
  • Citrus Aurantium (Latin Origin), meaning ‘orange’. Citrus Aurantium is a common fruit name. Citrus Aurantium is a rich source of Vitamin C.
  • Citrus Reticulata (Latin Origin), meaning ‘mandarin orange’. It is a type of orange.
  • Punica granatum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘pomegranate’. Pomegranate Punica granatum is a common fruit name. Pomegranate Punica granatum fruit is found in India as well. Pomegranate Punica granatum is an extremely popular fruit.
  • Persea Armeniaca (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Avacado’. Avocado Persea Armeniaca fruit has a hard shell and is creamy from the inside. Avocado Persea Armeniaca’s toast is very popular.
  • Ribes nigrum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Blackcurrent’. Blackcurrant Ribes nigrum is famous in the Ice cream industry. Blackcurrant Ribes nigrum is a good source of Vitamin C.
  • Prunus Armeniaca (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Apricort’. Apricot Prunus Armeniaca grows on the tree. Apricot Prunus armeniaca is rich in Vitamin A.
  • Citrullus Vulgaris (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Watermelon’. Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris is a summer fruit. Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris is a healthy fruit.
  • Ananas sativus (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Pineapple’. Pineapple Ananas sativus is a common fruit. Pineapple Ananas sativus have potassium and Vitamin C.
  • Passiflora edulis (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Passion Fruit’. Passionfruit Passiflora edulis is a popular fruit.
  • Redcurrant Ribes rubrum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘red currant fruit’, belongs to the gooseberry family.
  • Fragaria Ananasa (Latin Origin), meaning ‘strawberry’, Strawberry (fragaria ananassa) is one of the most consumed fruit in the world. Strawberry fragaria ananassa is widely used in the preparation of desserts.
  • Rubus fruticosus (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Blackberry’, is one of the common fruit.
  • Actinidia deliciosa (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Kiwi’, is a popular fruit.
  • Diospyros kaki (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Persimmon’, is a famous fruit name.
  • Rubus idaeobatus (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Raspberry’, is rich citrus fruit.
  • Ananus Sativus (Latin Origin), meaning pineapple, is a popular fruit consumed across the world.
  • Citrus Reticulata (Latin Origin), meaning mandarin, is a popular fruit used in various nations.

Scientific Names Of Indian Fruits

India has a great climate and soil. There are so many fruits and vegetables that are native to India. These fruits are exported to other countries as well. One such fruit is Mango. Read the list below to know the scientific name of Mango and other Indian Fruits.

  • Mangifera indica (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Mango’. Mangifera indica is a seasonal fruit that grows during the summer.
  • Vitis vinifera (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Grapes’. Grapes (Vitis vinifera) is Indian fruit. Dried grapes (Vitis vinifera) are called raisins.
  • Carica Papaya (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Papaya’. Carica papaya is rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin C.
  • Ribes-Uva crispa (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Gooseberry’. Gooseberry (Ribes Uva crispa) fruit is rich in copper, manganese, and Vitamin C.
  • Psidium guajava (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Guava’. Psidium guava fruit was tasty and introduced in India in the 17th century. Psidium guava is an extremely popular fruit.
  • Ficus carica (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Fig’. In India, Fig Ficus carica is known as Anjeer.
  • Annona squamosa (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Custard apple’. It is a famous soft fruit that is available in India.
  • Citrus sinensis (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Sweet Orange Citrus’, is known as Mausambi in India.
  • Litchi chinensis (Latin Origin), meaning ‘Lychee’. Lychee Litchi chinensis in India is known by the same name.
  • Syzygium aromaticum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘clove’. Clove Syzygium aromaticum is an important herbal fruit. Clove Syzygium aromaticum is used in cooking to add flavors.
  • Pyrus communis (Latin Origin), meaning ‘pear’, is known as Nashpati in India.
  • Citrus maxima (Latin Origin), meaning ‘pummelo’.
  • Turmeric Curcuma longa ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘turmeric’. Turmeric Curcuma longa is native Indian fruit that is used as a spice.
  • Plum Prunus domestica (Latin Origin), meaning 'plum fruit'. Plum Prunus domestica is a rich source of antioxidants.
  • Syzygium cumini (Latin Origin), meaning ‘jumbolana’, is known as Jamun in India,
  • Watermelon Citrullus lanatus (Latin Origin), meaning ‘watermelon’. Watermelon Citrullus lanatus is a seasonal fruit of India.
Assortment of exotic fruits and berries in baskets isolated on white

Botanical Names Of Fruits

Having the Botanical names of fruits and vegetables is important. It is a formal International code. Through this name, we can recognize and classify any organism. There are so many varieties of fruits and vegetables, and with the help of botanical names, we can avoid confusion. Check out the fruits and vegetables scientific names below.

  • Solanum melongena (Latin Origin), meaning ‘brinjal’. Brinjal Solanum melongena is cooked as a vegetable in India. Brinjal Solanum melongena is a good source of iron.
  • Allium sativum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘garlic’. Garlic Allivum sativum Garlic is a root fruit. Allivum Sativum has many medical properties.
  • Allium cepa (Latin Origin), meaning ‘onion’. Like Garlic, Onion (Allium cepa) grows underground as well. Onion (Allium cepa) is rich in potassium.
  • Raphanus sativus ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘radish’. Radish (Raphanus sativus) is a root fruit. Radish (Raphanus sativus) has lots of calcium.
  • Citrus Limonium ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘lemon’. Lemon (Citrus Limonium) is a sour fruit. All Citrus fruits, such as lemon Citrus Limonium are rich in Vitamin C.
  • Cantaloupe Cucumis melo (Latin Origin), meaning ‘muskmelon’.
  • Carrot Daucas Carota (Latin Origin), meaning ‘carrots’. Carrot Daucus carota is good for the eyes.
  • Coriander Coriandrum sativum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘coriander’. Coriander Coriandrum sativum is used in cooking.
  • Oputina (Latin Origin), meaning ‘pear cactus’. It is commonly known as ‘prickly pear’.
  • Phaseolus Vulgaris (Latin Origin), meaning green bean.
  • Glycine max (Latin Origin), meaning ‘green soybean’ plant.
  • Brassica Oleracea Acephala (Latin Origin), meaning ‘kale’, these plant leaves are used in salads.
  • Allium ampeloprasum (Latin Origin0, meaning ‘leeks’, popular vegetable.
  • Lablab puureus (Latin Origin), meaning ‘hyacinth bean’, is one of the common vegetables.
  • Cucumber Cucumis sativus ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘cucumber’. Cucumber Cucumis sativus is a very healthy fruit.
  • Solanum tuberosum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘potato’. Potato (Solanum tubersum) is one of the most consumed vegetables. Potato (Solanum tubersum) grows underground.
  • Pea Pisum sativum (Latin Origin), meaning ‘pea’. Pea (Pisum sativum) is used in many vegetable recipes.
  • Spinacia oleracea (Latin Origin), meaning ‘spinach’. Spinacia oleracea is rich in Iron.

Scientific Names Of Fruit Trees

There are many fruits that grow on trees, such as Mango and Apples. These trees grow flowers that turn into fruits. Check out the scientific names of such fruit trees.

  • Cocos Nucifera (Latin Origin), meaning ‘coconut’. Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) is found in coastal regions.
  • Hylocereus undatus (Latin Origin), meaning ‘dragon fruit’. Dragon fruit (Hylocereus undatus) is a good source of Iron.
  • Prunus avium ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘cherry’. Cherry (Prunus avium) is rich in Vitamin C. Cherry (Prunus avium) is popularly used in various desserts.
  • Nectarine Prunus persica (Latin Origin), meaning ‘nectarine’, is a fruit that is similar to peaches.
  • Date Phoenix dactylifera ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘date palm’. Its fruit is sweet.
  • Cydonia oblonga (Latin Origin), meaning ‘quince’. Quince Cydonia oblonga fruit is similar to pear fruits.
  • Lemon Citrus (Latin Origin), meaning ‘lemon’, Lemon citrus is a type of evergreen tree that bears this fruit.
  • Citrus Latifolia (Latin Origin), meaning ‘lime’, is a type of lime citrus fruit.
  • Aegle marmelos ( Latin Origin), meaning ‘wood apple’, is a famous Indian fruit.
  • Emblica Officinalis (Latin Origin), meaning ‘amla’, is a nutritious fruit.
  • Zizyphus mortiana (Latin Origin), meaning ‘ber’, is a small fruit.
  • Morus alba (Latin Origin), meaning ‘mulberry’, is a popular sweet tree fruit.
  • Persea Americana (Latin Origin), meaning 'avocado', is an extremely popular name across the world.
  • Allium Sativum (Latin Origin), meaning 'garlic', is a well-known root vegetable used as a flavor enhancer.
  • Ficus Religios (Latin Origin), meaning 'peepal', is a popular tree that can grow in even adverse conditions.

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Written by Nishtha Dixit

Bachelor of Arts specializing in English Literature

Nishtha Dixit picture

Nishtha DixitBachelor of Arts specializing in English Literature

Nishtha is an experienced SEO writer and editor, with a passion for writing and self-expression. She is currently pursuing an undergraduate major in Literature and Communication and a minor in Political Science from the University of Delhi. Nishtha has completed a certificate master course in English from the British Council and has been appointed as the editor for the bi-monthly magazine of the University of Delhi.

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