Recent searches (0)
At Kidadl we pride ourselves on offering families original ideas to make the most of time spent together at home or out and about, wherever you are in the world. We strive to recommend the very best things that are suggested by our community and are things we would do ourselves - our aim is to be the trusted friend to parents.
We try our very best, but cannot guarantee perfection. We will always aim to give you accurate information at the date of publication - however, information does change, so it’s important you do your own research, double-check and make the decision that is right for your family.
Kidadl provides inspiration to entertain and educate your children. We recognise that not all activities and ideas are appropriate and suitable for all children and families or in all circumstances. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide. We recommend that these ideas are used as inspiration, that ideas are undertaken with appropriate adult supervision, and that each adult uses their own discretion and knowledge of their children to consider the safety and suitability.
Kidadl cannot accept liability for the execution of these ideas, and parental supervision is advised at all times, as safety is paramount. Anyone using the information provided by Kidadl does so at their own risk and we can not accept liability if things go wrong.
The Sarcosaurus crocodile (meaning flesh lizard) is a type of dinosaur from the early Jurassic period, about 199-194 million years ago. They are of a genus of basal neotheropod dinosaurs that have very long and heavyweight bodies. Their fossils were found in the lower lias of England and were first described by Charles William Andrews in 1921. They existed a million years ago, but they are now extinct.
Juvenile dinosaurs are somewhat similar to their adult counterparts. Their skeletons, which were examined by the world's authors and scientists to classify them, can be found in some museums around the world. Read on to learn more about this particular dinosaur. If dinosaurs interest you, feel free to check out Zuniceratops and Orodromeus.
Sarcosaurus is pronounced as 'SAHR-co-SAWR-us,' meaning 'flesh lizard' whose fossils were found about 194-199 million years ago in the early Jurassic period, and have become extinct a long time ago. It is also pronounced as 'SAR-koh-SOO-ruus.'
The Sarcosaurus belonged to the woodi species, also known as the Sarco or crocodile.
They lived during the Early Cretaceous period, from the late Hauterivian to the early Albian period, 133-112 million years ago in what is now Africa and South America. They were found nearly 93.5 million years ago, from the Aptian age to the Cenomanian age, and lived for almost 165 million years.
It was recorded in natural history that the Sarcosaurus dinosaur became extinct 133-112 million years ago.
The Sarcosaurus species mostly preferred living in large river systems. Most of the specimens of this species are classified in the region we now know as Niger, West Africa. Some of the specimens lived in Tunisia while others moved towards the large river system across what would have been Africa and South America.
The Sarcosaurus theropod's habitat was thought to have been in Europe during the Jurassic age, but in earlier days, their fossils were found in places like England (United Kingdom).
The Sarcosaurus dinosaur was found to be in groups or alone. The discovery of this specimen of crocodiles was in the same region as the Lurdusaurus, Ouranosaurus, and Nigersaurus dinosaur species.
A Sarcosaurus had a lifespan of about 50-60 years.
Sarcosaurus dinosaurs made different types of sounds to attract mates and to converse with their progeny, leading to the production of a Sarcosaurus ark egg.
The Sarcosaurus image shows that they were large dinosaurs, their bodies standing 16.4 ft (5 m) tall, 11 ft (3.35 m) long, and weighing around 308.65 lb (140 kg). They were greenish-brown in color with dark black patches, similar to what a modern crocodile looks like. A Sarcosaurus's back was a spiky osteoderm-lined shape, serving as a defense mechanism against competing predators, and boasted long and powerful tails. In most cases, the juvenile is the same as the adult Sarcosaurus dinosaur. Their narrow upper jaw overlapped their lower jaw, creating an overbite. Their snout comprised about 75% of the total skull's length. Their fossil remains have been kept in the Natural History Museum for reference purposes and proof of their historical existence.
The number of bones that a Sarcosaurus dinosaur remains unknown, but the research conducted in natural history is ever-evolving. Who knows what we will discover in the future!
Sarcosaurus dinosaurs communicated with each other using a wide range of sounds, from grunts and squeaks to hisses, growls, barks, bellows, and roars. The large specimen would have used these sounds to stake out territory, prey, and prospective mates.
The Sarcosaurus species was a big one, standing around 11 ft (3.35 m) tall and 16.4 ft (5 m) in length.
They were enormous and would have been able to move at a moderate speed, but mostly preferred to lay down in the water. Their speed has been assumed to be related to that of their distant cousin, the alligator.
According to the structure of dinosaurs, they may weigh around 308.65 lb (140 kg).
The search for a specific name for the male and female Sarcosaurus reveals that scientists studying the natural history of dinosaurs never gave them distinct names; therefore, they are simply called the male Sarcosaurus and the female Sarcosaurus.
Similar to the male and female Sarcosaurus, the baby Sarcosaurus is simply known as a baby dinosaur.
According to research, it remains a mystery whether these species of dinosaurs hunted or not, but they were also not so picky in their diet. When they felt that they had reached their maximum body size, they would hunt anything or be a predator of anything they see. It was found that when they began to hunt, they would start with quite a long and narrow snout that looked like an Indian gavial. They would have been found preying on large fish in the river systems. Judging by the size and shape of their snout, their diet is assumed to have included large fish from the river. Another gigantic theropod equipped with a similar snout is the Spinosaurus, which also enjoyed feeding on fish. Still, occasionally they also fed on dinosaurs when the opportunity was too good to pass up.
The Sarcosaurus prehistoric wildlife history records reveal that they were highly aggressive creatures. They lay the length of their bodies still in the water, waiting for their prey. The moment the prey was near enough, they would erupt out of the water and attack them. Rarely were they seen scurrying onto land to kill prey (including humans).
The Sarcosaurus, whose fossils and remains can be found in the Natural History Museum, may have been related to the modern-day crocodile. This can be seen in the specimens' long and powerful tails, pelvis, vertebrae, feet, and the upper part of the femur. The reason this species of dinosaurs, along with other species of dinosaurs in history, were originally big was due to the climate in the Jurassic era.
The Sarcosaurus species of dinosaurs were first described by Charles William Andrews in 1921 when S.L. Wood found the partial skeleton of this dinosaur near Barrow-on-Soar in the Scunthorpe Mudstone. Its generic name is derived from the Greek word 'sarx', meaning 'flesh'. Later, it was identified, and two different species were classified, which can be differentiated only on the basis of their size. However, later in history, many authors rejected this conclusion as they saw that there weren't enough remains of either of the species, therefore concluding that they both should remain nomina dubia. Later in 1932, Von Huene assigned a partial skeleton to S. woodi, which led to the discovery that both specimens have a relatively complete femur structure. It also showed that this species of dinosaurs had other notable features like an anteromedially directed head, a relatively long fourth trochanter, and a trochanteric shelf.
Yes, because of their huge length, they are well known for hunting land-dwelling dinosaurs. Sarcosaurus waited for their prey to come near them and then they would erupt from the water and snap their jaws at the animal prey. The Sarcosaurus imperator would leave the prey alone if it ran away, but if it was slow-moving prey, they were sure to catch them.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly dinosaur facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these Harpactognathus facts and Puertasaurus facts for kids.
You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable Sarcosaurus coloring pages.
Main image by ArthurWeasley.
Second image by Shadowgate.
Read The Disclaimer
Kidadl is independent and to make our service free to you the reader we are supported by advertising.
We hope you love our recommendations for products and services! What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. This does not influence our choices. Please note: prices are correct and items are available at the time the article was published.
Kidadl has a number of affiliate partners that we work with including Amazon. Please note that Kidadl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.
We also link to other websites, but are not responsible for their content.
Remember that you can always manage your preferences or unsubscribe through the link at the foot of each newsletter.